Science Vocabulary

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Science Vocabulary
2012-01-18 15:24:43
Science Vocabulary

Science Vocabulary
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  1. Energy
    the ability to do work or cause change
  2. Work
    the transfer of energy from one object to another
  3. Kinetic energy
    energy in motion
  4. Velocity
    speed in a given direction
  5. Potential energy
    energy stored in an object
  6. Elastic Potential Energy
    related to objects that can be streched or compresses
  7. Gravitational Potential Energy
    potential energy that depends on weight and height
  8. Mechanical energy
    energy related to an objects motion or position
  9. Thermal energy
    the total of all the particles in a substance or material
  10. Chemical energy
    potential energy stored in the chemical bonds that hold compounds together
  11. Electrical energy
    the energy carried by moving electrical charges
  12. Electromagnetic energy
    radiant energy that travels in waves
  13. Nuclear energy
    potential energt stored in the nucleas of an atom
  14. Power
    the rate at which work is done
  15. Energy conversions
    a charge from one form of energy to another
  16. Matter
    anything that has mass and takes up space
  17. Chemistry
    the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
  18. Substance
    a single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific set of properties
  19. Element
    the simplest substances
  20. Atoms
    the basic particles from which all elements are made
  21. Volume
    the amount of space that matter occupies or how much room something takes up
  22. Density
    measurement of how much mass of a substance is in a given volume, or how many gramd per cubic centimeter
  23. Mixture
    made of two or more substances that are together in the same place
  24. Heterogeneous mixture
    the different parts are visible
  25. Homogeneous mixture
    substances are so evenly mixed you cant see the different parts
  26. Weight
    the measure of the force of gravity on an object
  27. Mass
    the measure of the amount of matter in an object
  28. Chemical bond
    a force of attraction between atoms, formed when atoms combine
  29. Molecule
    groups of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds
  30. Compound
    a pure substance made of two or more elements combined in a set ratio
  31. Chemical Formula
    may represent a compound, showing the elements involved and ratio of atoms
  32. Temperature
    a measure of the average energy of motion of the particles of a substance
  33. Endothermic change
    energy is taken into a substance
  34. Exothermic Change
    energy is released or given off