AP World- Ch. 21 Vocab

Card Set Information

Author:
butterfly67664
ID:
128757
Filename:
AP World- Ch. 21 Vocab
Updated:
2012-01-18 16:54:10
Tags:
AP World Vocab
Folders:

Description:
Stearns
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user butterfly67664 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Ottoman
    Turkic empire established in Asia Minor and eventually extending throughout Middle East; responsible for conquest of Constantinople and end of Byzantine Empire in 1453; succeeded Seljuk Turks following retreat of Mongols.
  2. Safavid Dynasty
    Originally a Turkic nomadic group; family originated in Sufi mystic group; espoused Shi'ism; conquered territory and established kingdom in region equivalent to modern Iran; lasted until 1722.
  3. Mughal
    Established by Babur in India in 1526; the name is taken from the supposed Mongol descent of Babur, but there is little indication of any Mongol influence in the dynasty; became weak after rule of Aurangzeb in first decades of 18th century.
  4. Mehmed II (the Conqueror)
    Ottoman sultan called the "Conqueror"; responsible for conquest of Constantinople in 1453; destroyed what remained of Byzantine Empire.
  5. Janisarries
    Ottoman infantry divisions that dominated Ottoman armies; forcibly conscripted as boys in conquered areas of Balkans, legally slaves; translated military service into political influence, particularly after 15th century
  6. Sail al-Din
    Early 14th century Sufi mystic; began campaign to purify Islam; first member of Safavid dynasty.
  7. Red Heads
    Name given to Safavid followers because of their distinctive red headgear.
  8. Isma’il
    Sufi commander who conquered city of Tabriz in 1501; first Safavid to be proclaimed shah or emperor.
  9. Abbas the Great
    Safavid ruler from 1587 to 1629; extended Safavid domain to greatest extent; created slave regiments based on captured Russians, who monopolized firearms within Safavid armies; incorporated Western military technology
  10. Imans
    According to Shi'ism, rulers who could trace descent from Ali
  11. Mullahs
    Local mosque officials and prayer leaders within the Safavid Empire; agents of Safavid religious campaign to convert all of population to Shi'ism
  12. Baber
    Founder of Mughal dynasty in India; descended from Turkic warriors; first led invasion of India in 1526; died in 1530
  13. Akbar
    Son and successor of Humayan; oversaw building of military and administrative systems that became typical of Mughal rule in India; pursued policy of cooperation with Hindu princes; attempted to create new religion to bind Muslim and Hindu populations of India.
  14. Taj Mahal
    Most famous architectural achievement of Mughal India; originally built as a mausoleum for the wife of Shah Jahan, Mumtaz Mahal.
  15. Sikhs
    follower of sikhism

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview