Desire to participate in and make choices in one's own health care.
Omitting or committing an act that a reasonably prudent person would not omit or commit under the same circumstances. Need: Duty to provide care; Duty breached; Injury occurred; Breach caused the injury.
Standards of care
Establish minimum criteria for competent proficient delivery of nursing care
Negligent action of a professional person
Patient or legally designated decision maker has granted permission for a specific treatment or procedure based on full information about that specific treatment or procedure as it relates to that patient.
Self-supporting adolescent under 18 yrs, not subject to parental control
14 & 15 year olds able to understand treatment risks
TI - therapeutic insemination
Only sperm is handled - deposited into the woman.
ART - Assisted reproductive technology
Fertility treatment in which both the egg and sperm are handled.
NOT: artificial insemination or fertility drugs.
IS: IVF-ET (invitro fertilization and embryo transfer
Number live births per 1,000 people
Infant Mortality Rate
Number of deaths of infants under 1 yr of age per 1,000 live births in a given population.
Number of deaths of infants less than 28 days of age per 1,000 live births.
Maternal Mortality Rate
Number of deaths from any cause related to or aggrivated by pregnancy or its management during the pregnancy cycle including 42 days post-partum per 100,000 live births.
Group of two or more people related by birth, marriage, or adoption, residing together
The potential or actual ability to change the behavior of other family members
collection of data regarding the family's current level of functioning, support systems, sociocultural information, environmental information, type of family, family structure and needs.
Beliefs, values, attitudes and practices that are accepted by a population, community or individual.
Social identity that is associated with shared behaviors and patterns.
The process by which people adapt to a new cultural norm.
When a group completely changes their cultural identity to become part of the majority culture.
the conviction that the values and beliefs of my own culture are the best or only acceptable ones.
Any procedure or product that is used together with conventional medical treatment.
Used IN PLACE OF conventional medicine.
Approach that combines mainstream medicine with complimentary therapies for which there is evidence of safety and effectiveness.
Benefits of Complimentary Therapies
Emphasis on prevention and wellness
Emphasis on healing versus cure
Cheaper and easier access
Risks of Complimentary Therapies
Lack of regulation and standardization
Lack of research
Inadequate training and certification
Financial and health risks of uproven methods
Traditional medicine - uses treatment or medicine that causes a different reaction in the body than the offending organism or event. I.e., anti-inflammatory prescribed for a person suffering from inflammation.
"The same": Uses like to cure like. Remedies are minute dilutions of substances that (if ingested in larger quantities) would produce effects similar to the symptoms of disorder being treated.
"Natural medicine": Focusses on body's natural healing power. May use diet, exercise botanical medicine, homeopathy, lifestyle modifications, and others.
TCM - Traditional Chinese Medicine
Yin and Yang balance.
Hindu medicine - "life, health, vitality", focusses on five elements: ether, wind, fire, water and earth.
White patchy areas r/t absence of melanin
40's and 50's women.
White papules and plaques often with areas of bruising and redness
local irritation and inflammation of the vulvar vestibule, severe pain with vaginal penetration, burning, itching, urinary frequency or dysuria
Acute inflammation of the cervix
Usually from infection from Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis