The discomforting mental sensation of the mind and/or body to an isolated challenging event or anticipated undesirable change.
any attempt to cope with stress.
First response to stress. Physical changes to the body that call upon direct or defensice coping strategies that if neither are successful in reducing stress brings on the second stage.
occurs when there is a conflict between two appealing possibilities.
is the result of being simultaneously attracted to and repelled by the same goal.
occurs when there is a choice between two undesirable possibilities.
This can suppress immune function by reducing the production of lymphocytes (white blood cells), which are essential in fighting disease.
Choosing a more realistic goal when an ideal goal cannot be met.
Simultaneous existence of incompatible demands, opportunities, goals, or needs.
acknowledging stress directly and initiating a solution.
Deal effectively with something difficult.
Result of ineffective defense mechanisms in an attempt to bring stress under control. Show signs of emotional disorder or menal illmess, burn out, have stomach and skin problems, turn to alcohol and drugs, etc..
the body's reaction to a crisis; run away or stay and defend yourself.
Occurs when a person is prevented from reaching a goal.
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)
Sequence of behavior that occurs in reaction to prolonged stress and divided into three stages: Alarm reaction, resistance, and exhaustion.
Studies the relationship between psychological factors and physical health.
a system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid tissues) that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response
Multiple approach-avoidance conflict
includes both attractive and unattractive features.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Characterized by episodes of anxiety, sleeplessness, and nightmares from a disturbing event in the past. Victims may withdraw from social life or job and family responsibilities.
Occurs when we feel forces to speed up or shift focus of our behavior.
The study of interaction between stress and the immune, endocrine and nervous systems.
Stage of exhaustion
the third stage in the GAS and LAS syndromes that occurs when the adaptation that the body made during the second stage cannot be maintained
Stage of resistance
the second stage in the GAS and LAS syndromes when the body's adaptation takes place
a state of psychological tension or strain.
Event or circumstances that trigger stress.
a behavior exhibited by some animals, including humans, when under threat. It refers to protection of offspring (tending) and seeking out of the social group for mutual defense (befriending).
Personality that responds to life events with impatience and hostility; correlated with development of heart disease.
Personality that is relaced and easygoing.
avoiding a situation when other options are not practical.