NIU Medical Terminology- Exam 1

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Author:
acoxy1
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128842
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NIU Medical Terminology- Exam 1
Updated:
2012-01-18 21:59:27
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Medical terminology NIU
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Exam 1 - NIU Medical Terminology
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  1. Abductor vs. adductor
    Ab- Away from (b curves away from a)

    Ad- Toward (d curves toward a


  2. Anabolism
    ana- up

    bol- to cast

    ism- process

    Anabolism - Process of building up (i.e proteins)
  3. Anterior
    Anter - Front

    (Ventral) Front surface of the body

    Anterior
  4. Aplastic Anemia
    A- no Plas/o -formation -tic = pertaining to

    A- no -emia = blood condition (no blood)

    Aplastic Anemia - Bone marrow fails to produce blood parts
  5. Apnea
    a- no, not, without

    -pnea = breathing

    Apnea - Not breathing
  6. Arthrocentesis
    Arthr/0 - Joint

    -centesis - Surgical puncture to remove fluid

    Arthrocentesis - Surgical puncture to remove fluid from joint space
  7. Arthroscopy
    Arthr/o - Joint

    -scopy = Visual Examination

    Arthroscopy - Visual Examination of joint
  8. Autoimmune
    Auto- Self, own

    • Immun/o - Protection, safe
    • Autoimmune- Producing antibodies against one's own norml cells.
  9. Basophil
    Bas/o = basic

    • -phil = Attraction for
    • Basophil - Granules stain blue

  10. Bradycardia
    Brady = slow

    • Cardi - Heart
    • Bradycardia - Slow heart rate; < 60
  11. Carcinogenic
    Carcin/o - Cancerous/ Cancer

    - genic = Pertaining to; producing ; Produced by or in

    Carcinogenic - Pertaining to/producing cancer
  12. Catabolism
    Cata = down, bol = to cast, -ism = process

    Catabolism - (Sugar and fat) is broken down
  13. Chondroma
    Chondr/o = Cartilage

    -oma = tumor, mass, fluid collection

    Chondroma- Benign tumor
  14. Chondrosarcoma
    Chondr/o = Cartilage, sarc = flesh (connective tissue) , -oma = tumor, mass, fluid collection

    Chondrosarcoma - Malignant tumor (arising from flesh)
  15. Colostomy

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