335 1.2 Tissues of the Human Body

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shanamd2010
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128876
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335 1.2 Tissues of the Human Body
Updated:
2012-01-19 15:59:22
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human tissues
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CDO 335
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  1. 4 basic tissues constitute the human body
    • epithelial
    • connective
    • muscular
    • nervous
  2. bone
    hardest of all connective tissues
  3. Connective tissue
    comprised of
    can be
    purpose
    includes
    • comprised of intercellular material known as 'matrix' in which the cells are bound - very complex
    • solid, liquid, or gel-like
    • purpose- provide support
    • includes- fascia
  4. Compound Epithelium
    3
    • mouth
    • pharynx
    • esophagus
  5. Connective Tissue
    5 types
    • ligaments
    • tendons
    • aponeurosis
    • cartilage
    • bone
  6. Cartilage
    definition
    3 types
    • tissues providing strength and elasticity
    • hyaline cartilage
    • fibrocartilage
    • yellow cartilage
  7. Fibrocartilage
    2
    • between vertebrae of spinal column and
    • between jaw and skull
    • shock absorber
  8. Hyaline Cartilage
    4
    found in larynx, trachea, bronchial pathways, rib cage
  9. yellow cartilage
    3
    found in pinna, nose, epiglottis
  10. aponeurosis
    2
    • flat expanded tendon giving attachment to muscular fibers
    • point of attachment for muscles
  11. tendons
    • will ALWAYS bind muscle to another structure
    • either bone or cartilage
    • usually bone
  12. Muscular Tissue
    def.
    3 kinds
    • unlike connective tissue these muscles can contract / move
    • striated muscle
    • smooth muscle
    • cardiac muscle
  13. Striated Muscle
    aka
    used
    usually
    • voluntary muscle, skeletal muscle, or somatic muscles
    • create movement
    • attach to tendons
  14. smooth muscle
    2
    3 places
    • involuntary, generally sheet-like
    • in digestive tract, airways, lungs
  15. Nervous Tissue
    4
    1-3
    • highly specialized
    • consists of neurons (nerve cells)
    • function- transmit info from one neuron to another
    • communicating cells
    • only from brain to spinal column from neuron to muscle or from sensory receptors to other neural structures
  16. epithelial tissue
    the superficial or outer layer of mucous membranes and the cells constituting the skin
  17. building blocks of anatomy
    tissues - collection of cells
  18. cardiac muscle
    involuntary striated muscle found in the walls of the heart
  19. simple epithelium
    4 ex.
    • blood vessels
    • lymph vessels
    • alveoli (in lungs)
    • heart
  20. baseplate / basement membrane
    def.
    functions
    • made mostly of collagen
    • many functions:
    • filter (kidney)
    • stabilization of tissue
  21. ligaments
    fibrous tissue that binds bone to bone
  22. fascia
    firous dense sheet-like tissue that surround / separate organs
  23. epithelial tissue
    3 kinds
    • simple epithelium - single layer of cells
    • compound epithelium - different layers of cells
    • baseplate / basement membrane

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