Respiratory System

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nkwannabe
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128946
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Respiratory System
Updated:
2012-01-19 06:46:07
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Respiratory System
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Respiratory System
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  1. The exchange of air between the atmosphere and the alveoli
    Pulmonary ventilation
  2. The exchange of specific gases between the alveoli and the blood
    External gas exchange
  3. The exchange of specific gases between the blood and the cells
    Internal gas exchange
  4. The process by which cells use oxygen and nutrients to generate energy
    Cellular respiration
  5. The openings of the nose
    Nares
  6. The three projections arising from the lateral walls of each nasal cavity
    Conchae
  7. The scientific name for the voice box
    Larynx
  8. The leaf-shaped structure that helps to prevent the entrance of food into the trachea
    Epiglottis
  9. One of the two branches formed by division of the trachea
    Bronchus
  10. The notch or depression where the broncus, blood vessels, and nerves enter the lung
    Hilum
  11. The area below the nasal cavities that is common to both the digestive and respiratory systems
    Pharynx
  12. A small air-conditioning tube containing a smooth muscle layer but little or no cartilage
    Bronchiole
  13. The substance in the fluid lining the alveoli that prevents their collapse
    Surfactant
  14. The phase of pulmonary ventilation in which air is expelled from the alveoli
    Exhalation
  15. The phase of pulmonary ventilation in which the diaphragm contracts
    Inhalation
  16. The serous membrane around each lung
    Pleura
  17. The only respiratory structures involved in external gas exchange
    Alveoli
  18. The amount of air inhaled or exhaled during a relaxed breath
    Tidal volume
  19. The ease with which the lungs and thorax can be expanded
    Compliance
  20. The maximum volume of air that can be exhaled after maximum inspiration
    Vital capacity
  21. The process by which oxygen moves from the blood into tissues
    Diffusion
  22. The gas converted into bicarbonate in the blood
    Carbon dioxide
  23. An importand blood buffer produced from carbon dioxide
    Bicarbonate ion
  24. The substance that carries most of the oxygen in the blood
    Hemoglobin
  25. The gas that is smore concentrated in the blood than in metabolically active tissues
    Oxygen
  26. An ion that renders blood more acidic
    Hydrogen ion
  27. The proportion of total blood carbon dioxide dissolved in plasma
    10%
  28. The proportion of total blood carbon dioxide transported in the form of bicarbonate
    75%
  29. The proportion of total blood carbon dioxide carried on plasma proteins and protein portion of hemoglobin
    15%
  30. The location of the central chemoreceptors
    Brainstem
  31. A rise in the blood carbon dioxide concentration
    Hypercapnia
  32. The location of a peripheral chemoreceptor
    Aortic arch
  33. The substance that acts directly on the central chemoreceptors to stimulate breathing
    Hydrogen ion
  34. The gas that stimulates breathing when its concentration increases
    Carbon dioxide
  35. The nerve that controls the diaphragm
    Phrenic nerve
  36. Difficult or labored breathing
    Dyspnea
  37. An abnormal increase in the depth and rate of breathing
    Hyperpnea
  38. A temporary cessation of breating
    Apnea
  39. Difficult breathing that is relieved by sitting upright
    Orthopnea
  40. An abnormal decrease in the depth and rate of breathing
    Hypopnea
  41. Rapid breathing observed during exercise
    Tachypnea
  42. A variable respiratory rhythm observed in some critically ill patients
    Cheyne-stokes respiration
  43. Occurs as oxygen diffuses from the air sacs into the blood as carbon dioxide diffuses out of the blood to be eliminated
    External exchange of gases
  44. Occurs in the tissues as oxygen diffuses from the blood to the cells, as the carbon dioxide passes from the cells to the blood
    Internal exchange of gases
  45. Branch of the vagus nerve , extends from the cervical part of the spinal cord to the diaphragm
    Phrenic nerve
  46. Abnormal increase in depth and rate of respirations
    Hyperpnea
  47. A decrease in the rate and depth of breathing
    Hypopnea
  48. Excessive rate of breathing, may be normal as in exercise
    Tachypnea
  49. Temporary cessation of breathing
    Apnea
  50. Difficult or labored breathing
    Dyspnea
  51. Rapid respirations as in acidosis of the diabetic
    Kussmaul respiration
  52. Bluish color of the skin and mucous membranes caused by insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood
    Cyanosis
  53. A lower than normal oxygen level in the tissues
    Hypoxia
  54. Total lack of oxygen
    Anoxia
  55. Lower than normal oxygen concentration in arterial blood
    Hypoxemia

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