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Cognitive rehabilitation enhances...
Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy (CRT)
restoring mental pocesses and teaching strategies
emphasizes teaching skills that the person with brain injury could use in place of damaged skills
various forms of mental exercises that were designed to strengthen a patient's mind
Problem with Direct Retraining...
limited potential for transfer or carryover to the real world
aka direct retraining
cognitive functions will improve through stimulation of the cognitive system
focuses on specific areas of cognition
improve a person's ability to focus attention, maintain vigilance, resist distraction, and perform mental manipulation quickly and efficiently
teaching a person mental sets that are applicable in a variety of contexts
Nutrient and Drug Treatment
various substances can affect cognition by correcting chemical imbalance
external aids whose purpose is to obviate a cognitive problem rather than to retrain a defective process
fastest way to treat certain cognitive defecits
training a person to function within stimulated life experiences or a specific functional domain
indirect methods may also be effective along with direct training
ex. better eating and sleeping habits, cariety of external aids, etc.
Therapy is most effective when...
it focuses on all relevant subsystems in a manner that improves cognitive performance
Relevant Subystems important in cognition:
Aspects of a person's life that affect cognition:
Issues in the Development of CRT
- Who should direct treatment?
- lack of integration or application of theory and practice
- widening set of techniques that encompass CRT
- broadening number of applications for this type of therapy
- lack of generally accepted procedures for therapist certification
What 3 things can CRT methods do?
1. Arrest cognitive decline and even reverse it
2. Improve quality of life
3. Reduce incidence of everday problems