Medical Terminology

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Author:
mccuejl
ID:
128963
Filename:
Medical Terminology
Updated:
2012-01-19 10:30:37
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Description:
The Human Body in Health and Disease
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  1. ana-
    up, toward, apart
  2. epi-
    upon, over, above, on top
  3. uni-
    one
  4. hypo-
    under, below normal
  5. abdomin
    abdomen, abdominal cavity
  6. anteri, anter
    front
  7. brachi
    arm
  8. card,cardi
    heart
  9. caud
    tail
  10. cephal
    head
  11. cervic
    cervix, neck
  12. chondr, chondri
    gristle, cartilage
  13. chron
    time
  14. cran, crani
    skull, cranium
  15. dist
    away
  16. dors
    back
  17. eti
    cause (of disease)
  18. femor
    thigh
  19. gastr
    stomach
  20. gen
    formation,cause,produce
  21. glut
    buttock
  22. hom,home
    sameness,unchanging
  23. iatri,iatr
    to heal
  24. idi
    person, self
  25. ili
    flank,hip,groin
  26. infect
    to enter, invade
  27. inferi, infer
    below
  28. inguin
    groin
  29. later
    side
  30. lumb
    loin, lower back
  31. medi
    middle
  32. path
    diease
  33. pelv
    pelvis, washbasin
  34. physi
    nature
  35. posteri, poster
    back
  36. proxim
    near
  37. spin
    spine, thorn
  38. superi, super
    above
  39. throac
    chest, thorax
  40. tom
    to cut
  41. umbilic
    navel
  42. ventr
    front, belly
  43. -ad
    toward
  44. -al
    pertaining to
  45. -ar
    pertaining to
  46. -ic
    pertaining to
  47. -ion
    pertaining to
  48. -or
    pertaining to
  49. -stasis
    standing still
  50. -y
    process of
  51. anatomy
    study of the bodies structure
  52. physiology
    study of body function
  53. cardivascular system
    heart,blood vessels
  54. digestive system
    tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, salivary glands, pancreas, small intestine, large intenstine
  55. endocrine system
    pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, thymus, gonads
  56. female reproductive system
    ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, vestibular glands
  57. integumentary system
    skin and accessory organs such as hair follicles. sebaceous glands and receptors
  58. lymphatic system
    spleen, lymphatic vessles
  59. male reproductive system
    testes, epididymis, vas defrens, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, bulbourethral glands
  60. muslcar system
    muscles
  61. nervous system
    brain, spinal courd, nerves
  62. respiratory system
    nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
  63. skeletal system
    bones, joints
  64. urinary system
    kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
  65. frontal or coronal plane
    vertical plane that passes through the body from side to side dividing it into anterior and posterior portions
  66. sagittal plane
    a verticle plane that passes through the body from front to back dividing it into right and left portions.
  67. parasagittal plane
    divides the body equally
  68. transverse plane
    a horizontal plane that divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions
  69. epigastric
    • above the belly
    • region of the abdomen
  70. hypogastric
    • below the belly
    • region of the abdomen
  71. hypochondriac
    • just below the cartilage of the ribs
    • region of the abdomen
  72. iliac
    • on either side of the hypogastic region
    • region of the abdomen
  73. lumbar
    • on either side of the umbilical region
    • region of the abdomen
  74. umbilical
    • are containing the navel
    • region of the abdomen
  75. trunk
    torso
  76. appendages
    head, arms, legs
  77. two main cavaties
    dorsal and ventral cavities
  78. abdominal cavity
    the space inside the belly or abdomen, viscera include stomach, pancreas, spleen,liver, and most of the intestines
  79. abdominopelvic cavity
    the body are ecocompassing both the abdominal and pelvic cavities
  80. cephalic region
    region pertaining to the head
  81. distal
    pertaining away from a point of reference
  82. dorsal
    pertaining to the back
  83. dorsal cavity
    contains the cranial and spinal cavities
  84. physiologoist
    one who studies the nature of living things
  85. physiology
    the study of living things
  86. posterior
    pertaining to the back
  87. proximal
    pertaining near to a point of reference
  88. superior
    pertaining to above a point of reference
  89. Magnetic resonance imaging
    MRI uses magnetic fields to detect body strucutres that are clarified and color enhanced by computer
  90. computer axial tomography
    CAT scan uses xrays to provide three dimensional views of body sections
  91. position emission tomography
    PET scan uses computer enchanced radiography to detect radioactive labled chemicals for the identificaiton of utmors and metabloic disesase

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