TBI

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Author:
rhea272
ID:
128966
Filename:
TBI
Updated:
2012-01-19 12:37:42
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Chapter Model CRT
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Model of CRT
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  1. Cognitive functions are influenced by by a person's:
    • physiological state
    • perceptual skills
    • emotional status
    • motivation
    • social skills
  2. Active Modes
    Affect the content of memories and thoughts; information in cognitive system
  3. What are the 2 types of active processes?
    1. mental manipulation

    2. mental sets
  4. Mental Manipulations
    thought processes that foster encoding or the cuing of retrieval

    ex. mnemonics, mental images
  5. One goal of CRT is...
    to train a person to use different strategies that encode information efficiently without conscious effort
  6. Mental Sets
    various ways of approaching a tasking; consider all info before making a crucial decision

    ex. strategies for problem solving, decision making, concept learning
  7. Passive Modes
    affect a person's disposition, inclination, or readiness to attempt a cognitive task
  8. 3 Physiological Passive Modes:
    • 1. Physical State
    • 2. Chemical toxicity
    • 3. Health
  9. 3 Psychological Passive Modes:
    • 1. Attitude
    • 2. Emotions
    • 3. Incentive and Motivation
  10. Physical State
    factors of daily life (fatigue, nutrition, sleep, etc)

    must unlearn habits adn substitute others designed to enhance recovery
  11. Chemical State
    neurochemistry or other physiological states that can be altered by certain substances
  12. Health Considerations
    degree to which they are free of physical or emotional disease or any other debilitating condition or malady
  13. Attitudinal State
    emotional disposition to process different kinds of informtion or to interact with different people

    Better to perform when attitude is better!! :)
  14. Emotional State
    mix of feelings that vary in intensity, quality, and value

    HIGH ANXIETY, DEPRESSION, AND STRESS interfere with THINKING and MEMORY!
  15. Incentive and Motivation
    determines a person's willingness to pursue it
  16. Support Modes
    positon the person to benefit from the environment, social situation, and varioius available devices
  17. 3 Types of Support Modes:
    • 1. Prosthetic Devices
    • 2. Physical Environment
    • 3. Social Environment
  18. Prosthetic Devices
    electronic and nonelectronic devices that help a person to overcome nagging problems by replacing some damaged aspect of memory or thinking
  19. Physical Environment
    manipulating the environment to foster encoding and cuing of retrieval

    Objects arranged to enhance their availability
  20. Social Environment
    use of a client's social network to improve his or her memory or cognitive state

    ex. sharing responsibility among family member
  21. The active, passive, and support modes together...
    determine what a person ultimatesly perceives, learns, retains, remembers, and reasons.
  22. The Multimodal Model (3 modes) operate directly on:
    • 1. sensory input that provides raw info to the cognitive system
    • 2. cognitive operations performed on the sensory input
    • 3. ability to express and to communicate what one knows
  23. Major implication of the model is...
    therapy efforts are best served when a therapist uses a holistic approach
  24. The model diagnosis should assess...
    • neurocognitive function
    • current status of all other modes that affect cognition and behavior
  25. The model shows that rehab yeilds effective when...
    all modes are optimized together
  26. The model implies simple rules that:
    • 1. passive processes are in a poor state, interventions that attempt to improve active processes will have little or no affect
    • 2. if a client can't be helped by training active processes, thinking and memory may still be improved by enhancing passive processes
    • 3. working with support modes will likely have most immediate effect on overall cognitive functions

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