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Cognitive functions are influenced by by a person's:
- physiological state
- perceptual skills
- emotional status
- social skills
Affect the content of memories and thoughts; information in cognitive system
What are the 2 types of active processes?
1. mental manipulation
2. mental sets
thought processes that foster encoding or the cuing of retrieval
ex. mnemonics, mental images
One goal of CRT is...
to train a person to use different strategies that encode information efficiently without conscious effort
various ways of approaching a tasking; consider all info before making a crucial decision
ex. strategies for problem solving, decision making, concept learning
affect a person's disposition, inclination, or readiness to attempt a cognitive task
3 Physiological Passive Modes:
- 1. Physical State
- 2. Chemical toxicity
- 3. Health
3 Psychological Passive Modes:
- 1. Attitude
- 2. Emotions
- 3. Incentive and Motivation
factors of daily life (fatigue, nutrition, sleep, etc)
must unlearn habits adn substitute others designed to enhance recovery
neurochemistry or other physiological states that can be altered by certain substances
degree to which they are free of physical or emotional disease or any other debilitating condition or malady
emotional disposition to process different kinds of informtion or to interact with different people
Better to perform when attitude is better!! :)
mix of feelings that vary in intensity, quality, and value
HIGH ANXIETY, DEPRESSION, AND STRESS interfere with THINKING and MEMORY!
Incentive and Motivation
determines a person's willingness to pursue it
positon the person to benefit from the environment, social situation, and varioius available devices
3 Types of Support Modes:
- 1. Prosthetic Devices
- 2. Physical Environment
- 3. Social Environment
electronic and nonelectronic devices that help a person to overcome nagging problems by replacing some damaged aspect of memory or thinking
manipulating the environment to foster encoding and cuing of retrieval
Objects arranged to enhance their availability
use of a client's social network to improve his or her memory or cognitive state
ex. sharing responsibility among family member
The active, passive, and support modes together...
determine what a person ultimatesly perceives, learns, retains, remembers, and reasons.
The Multimodal Model (3 modes) operate directly on:
- 1. sensory input that provides raw info to the cognitive system
- 2. cognitive operations performed on the sensory input
- 3. ability to express and to communicate what one knows
Major implication of the model is...
therapy efforts are best served when a therapist uses a holistic approach
The model diagnosis should assess...
- neurocognitive function
- current status of all other modes that affect cognition and behavior
The model shows that rehab yeilds effective when...
all modes are optimized together
The model implies simple rules that:
- 1. passive processes are in a poor state, interventions that attempt to improve active processes will have little or no affect
- 2. if a client can't be helped by training active processes, thinking and memory may still be improved by enhancing passive processes
- 3. working with support modes will likely have most immediate effect on overall cognitive functions