EC Chapter 3
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What are some examples of surface culture?
What are some examples of deep culture?
- courtesy, concepts of time
- tone of voice, attitude toward elders
What is the idea that people should not abandon their home culture but rather maintain their various ethnic languages, cultures, and institutions, while still participation in society as a whole?
What does CDF stand for and what does it do?
- Child Defence Fund
- advocacy agency that represents the needs of children and families
What students are considered "historically underrepresented"?
- African Americans
- Asians/Pacific Islander
- AMerican Indian/Alaska Native
What are three groups of students that are thought of as diverse?
- culturally diverse
- linguistically diverse
- culturally/linguistically diverse with disabilities
What is one issue that causes culturally diverse students to be at risk for being identified as having a disability?
misunderstandings of culturally accepted and expected behaviors and norms of conduct
being from a cultural group that is not Euro-centric or of mainstream America
having a home or native language other than English
students learning English as their second language
- English language learners
- limited English proficient
what does ELL stand for?
English language learner
What does LEP stand for?
Limited English proficient
What do the major of ELLs in America speak?
What percentage of students do not speak English at home?
using two languages in the same conversation; a sign of developing duel language proficiency
words and pronunciation characteristic of a geographic region or ethinic group and different from those of standard language
a learned and rele-governed dialect of nonstandard English, spoken by some African Americans
knkowing and understanding the cultural standards from diverse communities
a curriculum that includes multiple perspectives
mismatch that occurs when the home and school cultures are in conflict
What may be one reason that Black males have such a high rate of EBD and ADHD?
because behaviors acceptable at home and at school do not go together
What are the 5 categories that the federal govenment uses to describe Americans along the dimensions of race and ethnicity
- asian/pacific islander
- american indian/alaska native
What percent of students are ELLs?
What race is overrepresented in the special ed category?
What race is underrepresented in the special education category?
- asians/pacific islanders
What percent of low-income children have lead poisoning?
What is one of the most significant preventions of disabilities in diverse children?
- getting them health treatment
- safe living environments
What are the 3 barriers to diverse students' success?
- little to no access of high-quality preschool experiences
- attending inferior schools
- disengagement, alienation, and dropping out of school
How much more likely are students from low income families to drop out of school?
6 times more likely
assessment that takes into account cultural and linguistic diversity?
multidimensional approach to intelligence inspired by Howard Gardner's theory; allowin gthose exceptional in any one of eight areas to be identified
what are two suggested ways of evaluating diverse students that are non-discriminatory?
- multiple intelligences
- curriculum based measurements
What are some exceptions for diverse learners taking standardized tests?
- ELLs who've been in the US for less than a year
- ELLs with disabilities get accomadations
What are 3 critical components to the education of diverse learners with disabilities?
- steeped in the practices of multicultural education
- includes intensive support for language development
- incorporates current evidence-based practices
instruction that incorporates sutdents' cultures, interests, and backgrounds into course content
level of English mastery adequate for general communications but not necessarily for academic learning?
How long does it take a learner to aquire conversational English?
within 2 to 3 years
Level of English mastery required to access the general education curriculum and profit from instruction
How long does it take a student to aquire classroom English?
5 to 7 years
teaching in and seeking mastery of student's native tongue and English
instructing students in English until English proficiency is achieved; does not provide support in the student's native or primary tongue
English as a second language (ESL)
restating concepts and instructions, explicitly teaching vocab, using visuals, and concete examples, and relating new language skills to students' experiences to provide langauge support to ELLs
What is one way that school are trying to help students master English?
bilingual education and ESL
What is one calidated method that helps students master the elements of the English language that are necessary for success when learning specific academic content?
What must ELLs with disabilities have educationally?
- full English competence development
- strategies that address their specific ability
What are two strategies that work well for teachers who do not speak the languages spoken by their students?
- cooperative learning
- peer tutoring
small groups of studetns working together to learn the same material
classmates helping each other in pairs
a tactic wherin teachers and students switch roles readin gstories and asking questions, forcusing on predicting, summarizing, questioning, and clarifying reading passages
unequal availability of technology as a consequence of differences in socioeconomic status
computers that provide translations of written text from one language to another
computerized language translators
assistants who help students learn the English required to profit from classroom instruction
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