330 1.1 Terms

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Author:
shanamd2010
ID:
129036
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330 1.1 Terms
Updated:
2012-01-19 16:43:16
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communication terms
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Description:
CDO 330
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  1. language comprehension mode
    receptive language : listen read watch
  2. language production mode
    expressive language : talk write sign
  3. phoneme 2
    • smallest unit of sound that can signal a change in meaning
    • note sound combination rules
    • ex) hat cat
  4. syntax 2
    • rules for sentence organization
    • word order
  5. default syntax
    • s + v + o
    • subject + verb + object
  6. morphology 2
    • rules for internal organization of words
    • word forms
  7. morpheme 2
    • smallest grammatical meaningful unit
    • can be 'free' or 'bound'
  8. free morphemes
    • words that stand alone
    • ex) book
    • not inflected
  9. bound morphemes
    • units of meaning that cannot stand alone
    • ex) -ing
  10. inflection 2
    • *what we can do morphologically to specific words; changing the words meaning
    • intonation patterns of voice
  11. semantics 5
    • word meaning
    • vocab
    • lexicon
    • synonyms, antonyms
    • how words are related to each other
    • ex) lady, women, female
  12. lexicon
    your personal list of words that you know and use
  13. mis-segmentation
    • when word meanings get mis-communicated
    • ex) "When I grow up do I have to be called a dult?"
  14. Metalinguistic cues 3
    • talk about language
    • judge language
    • evaluating how the speech was sent and received
  15. speech requires 3
    • respiration
    • phonation
    • articulation
  16. generative
    with a limited number of symbols and sounds, we can still produce and explain a huge amount of things
  17. communication includes 3
    • nonlinguistic cues
    • metalinguistic cues
    • paralinguistic cues
  18. speech is 3
    • oral
    • neuromuscular production
    • physical oral phenomenon
  19. grammar
    the rules of language
  20. # letters in American English
    24
  21. # sounds in American English
    44
  22. communication is and needs
    • exchanging messages
    • sender and receiver
  23. nonlinguistic cues 2
    • gestures
    • facial expressions
    • (non-verbal)
  24. do you need language for speech?
    • yes, but there are exceptions
    • ex) parrot
  25. do you need speech for language?
    • no
    • ex) sign language
  26. phonology 2
    • rules governing structure and distribution of speech sounds
    • sound sequence and how speech sounds are put together
  27. characteristics of language 6
    • socially shared
    • code
    • arbitrary symbols
    • rule governed system
    • symbolic (representative)
    • generative
  28. extralinguistic 3
    • paralinguistic cues
    • nonlinguistic cues
    • metalinguistic cues
  29. do you need language or speech to communicate?
    • no
    • ex) shrugging
  30. paralinguistic cues
    aka
    can
    4
    • supra-segmentals
    • change message without words changing
    • rate of speech
    • stress
    • pitch
    • intonation patterns (prosody)
  31. linguistic 3
    • signing
    • writing and reading
    • speech and listening
  32. pragmatics
    rules of use
  33. semantics
    rules of content
  34. language rules of form
    • phonology
    • morphology
    • syntax
  35. what must we know about COM break downs
    • when one occurs
    • work together to fix it
  36. pragmatics 3
    • function / intent / reason for speech/COM act
    • context of COM/environment
    • conversational rules : topic, turn taking, COM breakdowns

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