Test #2

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DesLee26
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129059
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Test #2
Updated:
2012-01-19 18:23:37
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Anatomy Assessment
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First Semester
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  1. __ are composed of similarly specialized cells that have a common structure or perform a common function in the body.
    Tissues
  2. The four primary tissue types found in the human body are:
    connective, muscle, nervous, epethelial
  3. Transitional epithelium functions in
    distensibility
  4. Glands that secrete products into ducts are __; and those that secrete into body fluids and blood are called __/
    exocrine/ endocrine
  5. Glands are classified by the ways the glands secrete their products. Which of the following is paired correctly?
    a. Halocrine glands release fluid products by exocytosis.
    b. Merocrine glands lose portions of their cell bodied during secretion
    c. Apocrine glands release entire cells
    d. Merocrine glands release fluid products by exocytosis
    Merocrine glands release fluid products by exocytosis
  6. The __ is the most ommon cell type in connective tissue, and is a fixed star shaped cell that secretes fibers and is large in size.
    fibroblast
  7. __ are made of the protein elastin, are stretchy and add flexibility to certain types of connective tissue.
    elastic fibers
  8. __ is a loose connective tissue designed to store fat.
    adipose tissue
  9. Tendons and ligaments are made up of __
    dense connective tissue
  10. Tendons connect __ to __; and ligaments connect __ to __.
    • muscle to bone
    • bone to bone
  11. Cartilage cells called __ lie within lacunae in the gellike matrix.
    chondrocytes
  12. __ is the most rigid connective tissue with deposits of mineral salts and collagen within the matrix.
    Bone
  13. Blood is composed of cells suspended in a liquid mtrix called __.
    plasma
  14. Which of the following is matched correctly?
    a. red blood cell- blood clotting
    b. white blood cell- carries oxygen
    c. platelets- fight infection
    d. none of the above
    none of the above
  15. Nerve cells, called __, conduct nervous impulses; while helper cells, or __, support and nourish the neurons.
    • neurons
    • neuroglia
  16. forms framework of outer ear
    elastic cartilage
  17. functions as a heat insulator beneath the skin
    adipose tissue
  18. contains large amounts of fluid and lacks fibers
    blood
  19. forms flexible part of nose and found at the ends of bones
    hyaline cartilage
  20. pads between vertebrae (intervertebral disks) that acts as a shock absorber
    fibrocartilage
  21. found in respiratory tubules
    hyaline cartilage
  22. coordinates, regulates, and integrates body functions
    nervous tissue
  23. contains intercalated disks
    cardiac muscle
  24. muscle that lacks striations
    smooth muscle
  25. striated and involuntary
    cardiac muscle
  26. striated and voluntary
    skeletal muscle
  27. muscle attached to bones
    skeletal muscle
  28. moves food through digestive tract
    smooth muscle
  29. found only in the heart
    cardiac muscle
  30. fucntions in the exchange of gases in the lungs and lines blood and lymph vessels as well as body cavities
    simple squamous epithelium
  31. this type of epithelium lines the stomach and intestines where it secretes digestive fluid and absorbs nutrients
    simple columnar epithelium
  32. In __ cilia may be present, along with mucus secreting goblet cells that line and sweep debris from rspiratory tubules
    pseudostratified columnar epithelium
  33. __ make up the outer layer of skin and lines the mouth, throuat, vagina, and anal canal.
    stratified squamous epithelium
  34. found in the tissues of the urinary bladder
    transitional epithelium


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