Test #3

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Author:
DesLee26
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129072
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Test #3
Updated:
2012-01-19 18:49:53
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Anatomy Assessment
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First Semester
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  1. Accessory structures of the skin include:
    hair, nails, glands
  2. The epidermis consists of:
    stratified squamous epithelium
  3. As cells are pushed from the deeper portion of the epidermis toward the surface:
    they tend to die
  4. All of the following are functions of the skin except:
    a. exchange of gases with the environment
    b. regulate temperature
    c. form a protective covering for underlyiing structures
    d. house sensory structures that communicate information about the environment
    exchange of gases with the environment
  5. The layers of the epidermis, beginning with the superficial layer and proceeding inwardly, include the stratum
    corneum, granulosum, spinosum, basale
  6. The layer of the epidermis where cell division or reproduction occurs is:
    stratum basale
  7. This epidermal layer is only found in areas of thick skin (palms and soles):
    stratum lucidum
  8. The main function of melanocytes:
    protect cells from sunlight
  9. Skin color is due to:
    dermal blood supply/ pigmentation
  10. An oily secretion that helps to waterproof the body surface is referred to as:
    sebum
  11. Smooth muscles found surrounding the hair follicle are called
    arrector pili muscles
  12. The hard protein of nails and hair is called:
    keratin
  13. To estimate the percentage of body burned in an adult, a healthcare professional uses the
    Rule of Nines
  14. Which of the following is matched up incorrectly?
    A. 1st degree burns cause damage that extends through the dermis and usually requires antibiotics to avoid infection
    B. 2nd degree burns are characterized by blister formation
    C. 3rd degree burns appear erythematous with blistering and charring.
    D. all are true
    A. 1st degree burns cause damage that extends through the dermis andusually requries antibiotics to avoid infection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following is a normal response to an excessive gain of body heat in a warm environment?
    a. dermal blood vessels become constrictred and sweat glands inactivate
    b. sweat glands become active and dermal blood vessels dilate
    c. skeletal muscles begin to contract involuntarily
    d. sweat glands become active and skeletal muscles begin to contract voluntarily
    sweat glands become active and dermal blood vessels dilate
  16. Healing of wounds and burns involves __ which causes the tisseus to become red and swollen
    inflammation
  17. A cancerous tumor of the skin that may develop in fair skinned people due to excessive sun exposure is __
    malignant melanoma
  18. membrane that consists of the skin
    cutaneous
  19. memrbrane that lines body passages that open to the exterior (outside)
    mucuos
  20. membrane that secretes a lubricating fluid into joint cavities
    synovial membrane
  21. membrane found lining the pericardial, pleural and peritoneal cavities
    serous
  22. membrane that lines body cavities that lack openings to the exterior
    serous
  23. membrane found lining the nasal and oral cavities as well as the digestive and reproductive tracts
    mucous
  24. the outermost layer of skin composed of overlapping epithelial cells
    epidermis
  25. is composed of loose connective tissue and insulating adipose tissue
    subcutaneous
  26. is made up of cels that are non-living and are rubbed away by friction
    epidermis
  27. contains nerve fibers, hair follciles, sebaceous and sweat glands
    dermis
  28. it binds the skin to underlying organs and contains large blood vessels that supply the skin
    subcutaneous
  29. middle layert of skin that consists of connective tissue with collagen and elastic fibers
    dermis
  30. apocrine sweat glands do
    respond to stress; found in axillary/ groin regions
  31. cerumious glands?
    secrete ear wax
  32. mammary glands?
    secrete milk
  33. eccrine sweat glands?
    respond to body temp; found throughout body
  34. sebaceous glands?
    secrete oily mixture
  35. contraction of this causes goose bumps
    arrector pili muscle
  36. supplies oxygen and nutrients to the skin
    dermal blood vessels
  37. is superior to the subcutaneous layer
    dermis
  38. invagination of the lower epidermis that contains the root of the hair
    hair follicle
  39. superficial layer of skin
    epidermis
  40. made of keratinized cells that can be found in almost all regions of the body
    hair shaft
  41. secretes sebum
    sebaceous glands
  42. regulates body temperature
    eccrine sweat glands
  43. provides a layer of protection, insulation and energy reserves
    subcutaneous layer

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