Medical Terminology Ch.3

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mccuejl
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129087
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Medical Terminology Ch.3
Updated:
2012-01-19 21:48:36
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Cells, Tissues and Cancer
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  1. ana-
    up, toward, apart
  2. dys-
    bad, abnormal, painful, difficult
  3. epi-
    upon, over, above, on top
  4. hyper-
    excessive, abnormally high, above
  5. meta-
    after, change
  6. neo-
    new
  7. aden
    gland
  8. carcin
    cancer
  9. chrom
    color
  10. cyt
    cell
  11. fibr
    fiber
  12. gen, gene
    formation, cause, produce
  13. hist
    tissue
  14. lei
    smooth
  15. lip
    fat, lipid
  16. lymph
    clear water or fluid
  17. mal
    bad
  18. melan
    dark, black
  19. my
    muscle
  20. neur
    sinew or cord, nerve, fascia
  21. nucl, nucle
    kernel, nucleus
  22. onc
    tumor
  23. organ
    tool
  24. oste
    bone
  25. rhabd
    rod
  26. sarc
    flesh, meat
  27. thel
    nipple
  28. -al
    pertaining to
  29. -elle
    small
  30. -gen
    producing, formation, causing
  31. -genesis
    origin, cause
  32. -genic
    pertaining to producing , formation, causing
  33. -ic
    pertaining to
  34. -logist
    one who studies
  35. -oid
    resembling
  36. -oma
    abnormal swelling, tumor
  37. -osis
    condition of
  38. -plasia
    shape,formation (its most common use is as a suffix, although the term includes a word root, plas, and a suffix, -ia)
  39. -plasm
    something shaped (may also be used as a word root)
  40. -sis
    state of
  41. -some
    body
  42. -stais
    standing still
  43. -um
    pertaining to
  44. cytology
    the study of cells
  45. cytologist
    someone who studies cells
  46. three parts of a cell
    cell membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
  47. cell membrane
    outer boundary of a cell. composed of mostly protein and lipids (fats), It regulates the movement of materials in and out of cell
  48. cytoplasm
    forms the main substance of the cell and consist of a thick fluid that contains functional packets known as organelles. The organelles perform most of the cells functions including release and storage of energy
  49. nucleus
    part of the cell that contains the genetic material called DNA. DNA contains more than 30,000 genes.
  50. tissue
    a combination of similar cells that share a common goal, such as providing movement, protection, or secretion.
  51. histology
    study of tissues
  52. epithelial tissue
    • -consists of cells that are arranged closely together.
    • -cells may be flat, cubed shpaed or columnar
    • - most epithelial tissues cover body surfaces and line body cavities forming a protective sheet over other tissues.
  53. connnective tissues
    • -consists of widely scattered cells that are surrounded by extracellular material.
    • -connnective describes the tissues general function of
    • connecting cells and tissues to support organs
    • -the tissue provides support for softer parts of the body to protect them from injury
    • - forms bone and cartilidge as well as fat and blood
  54. muscle tissues
    • -consist of cells that are specialized to contract.
    • -three types of muscle tissue:
    • 1. skeletal- forms muscles that attach to bones. Produce heat which warms your body when you are cold
    • 2.smooth- located in the walls of the hollow organs such as stomach or intestines
    • 3.cardiac- forms wall of the heart and produce the hearts contractions that keep blood flowing
  55. nervous tissues
    consists of specialized cells called neurons, that carry information in the form of electrochemical impulses. Neurons along with neurogilial cells form the brain spinal cord and nerves
  56. chrom-osome
    an x shaped structure in cells nucleus that bears DNA.
  57. cyt-oplasm
    a thick fluid that contains organelles and forms the main substance of the cell
  58. neur-oglial cells
    supportive cells within nervous tissue
  59. nucle-us
    the part of the cell that contains the DNA
  60. organ
    a structure made of two or more different types of tissues, that performs a general function in the body
  61. organelle
    small structures within the cytoplasm that perform most cell functions. such as construction of molecules and the release and storage of energy
  62. anaplasia
    a loss of structural organization in a tissue that is permanent
  63. dysplasia
    abnormal tissue development
  64. hyperplasia
    an increase in the number of cells in a tissue, other than by tumor development
  65. metastasis
    the spreading of cancer cells from the primary tumor
  66. remission
    improvement or abscence of signs of disease
  67. adenocarcinoma
    a malignant tumor of glandular epithelial tissue; abbreviated adeno-ca
  68. adenoma

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