transexuals who are stimulated by the idea of their body being the opposite sex
Effects of stereotypes
lead to interpreting behavior in a prejudice way
process kids go through, that by which they learn how they should behave as Male or Female
genetics and prenatal influences (role of hormones)
evolutionary perspectives (hunters and gatherers)
prenatal brain organization (men's brain is larger, hormones and aggression)
Psychodynamic theory- Freud
What age do children acquire gender-role sterotypes?
Social learning theory
treating other children differently, socializing them to be girly, how they behave…socialization
Cognitive development theory
forming a concept of what it means to be male or female...then trying to behave like that
I'm a boy or a girl
ages 4-5; recognize proper behavior
fuller conceptualization of what it means to be male or female
Gender Schema Theory
it is important for kids to have that idea of what it means to be male or female because it helps them to understand what it means to be part of their world; what physical qualities are m/f, behaviors, personality traits, etc.
judge themselves on how they think they fit into that mold
affects self esteem
realizing that it is ok to be different...and not fall into the idea of strictly being girly or a manly man...??
refers to preference for the sex one is attracted to
Prevalence of sexual orientation
90% will say they are heterosexual,
only 1.4% women identify themselves as homosexual
means a person who engages in sexual activity with both sexes, and recognizes a desire to do so
types of bisexuality
they have an attraction early and it continues through adulthood.
choice of partners may change, but continue to feel attracted to both
doing bisexuality because of something happening in their life
when people are changing from being heterosexual to homosexual and their in transition
living both lives
Psychosocial theories on "What determines sexual orientation?"
By default theory
The seduction myth
somebody had a bad experience and it turned them off of opposite sex
there was an older person of same sex that seduced them when they were young and caused them to be homosexual; influential person