Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 3 N 4

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Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 3 N 4
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2012-01-19 22:56:02
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Ogeechee Tech Anatomy Chapter Mrs Riley
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Cells, Tissues, and Membranes
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  1. ______ and ______ are exchanged in tissues by the process of diffusion.
    Oxygen; Carbon Dioxide
  2. ______ have the potential to divide and become any of several kinds of cells.
    Stem Cells
  3. ______ is the fluid that transports nutrients in the blood.
    Plasma
  4. The ______ is the lining of the abdominal cavity.
    Peritoneum
  5. ______ are caused by a deficiency of white blood cells.
    Infections
  6. ______ are cell organelles that permit sperm cells to move.
    Flagella
  7. ______ occurs when cells of the small intestine absorb glucose and amino acids.
    Active Transport
  8. ______ is the tissue that supports the body.
    Bone
  9. Production of egg and sperm cells with the haploid number of chromosomes is brought aboout by ______.
    Meiosis
  10. Red blood cells transport ______, which is bonded to the protein ______.
    Oxygen; Hemoglobin
  11. ______ are found on some human cells and sweep material across cell surfaces.
    Cilia
  12. The function of white blood cells is to destroy ______ and provide _______.
    Pathogens; Immunity
  13. Human cells will ______ if placed in a hypertonic solution.
    Shrivel
  14. Mucous membranes are found in all tracts that open to the ______.
    Enviroment
  15. ______ prevents friction in joints.
    Synovial Fluid
  16. The ______ is the control center of cell and contains DNA in the chromosomes.
    Nucleus
  17. ______ is the name for meiosis that takes place in the testes.
    Spermatogenesis
  18. Cartilage is the tissue that provides a ______ surface in joints.
    Smooth
  19. Human cells will ______ if placed in a hypotonic solution.
    Swell and Burst
  20. Nerve impulses to the cardiac muscle only regulate the ______ of contractions.
    Rate
  21. _______ are made of DNA and are found in the nucleus of cells.
    Chromosomes
  22. Red blood cells are produced in the ______ marrow.
    Red Bone
  23. ______ in the small intestine increase the surface area for absorption.
    Microvilli
  24. ______ is the name for meiosis that takes place in the ovaries.
    Oogenesis
  25. ______ is the process of engulfing something by a moving cell.
    Phagocytosis
  26. Genetic instructions are contained in the ______ in the chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell.
    DNA
  27. ______ are the cells that are important for blood clotting.
    Platelets
  28. ______ tissue forms ligaments.
    Fibrous Connective
  29. ______ occurs when there is a deficiency of platelets.
    Prolonged Bleeding
  30. Smooth muscle in arteries help maintain ______.
    Blood Pressure
  31. ______ occurs when carrier enzymes transport materials through a membrane.
    Facilitated Diffusion
  32. The process of phagocytosis is important to enable white blood cells to ingest ______.
    Pathogens
  33. ______ is the tissue that keeps the trachea an open airway.
    Cartilage
  34. The function of the red bone marrow is to produce ______.
    Blood Cells
  35. ______ fluid traps pathogens in the respiratory tract.
    Mucus
  36. ______ is the movement of water and dissolved materials through a membrane from an area of high pressue to an area of lower pressure.
    Filtration
  37. ______ are cells of bone, found in a matrix made primarily of calcium salt.
    Osteocytes
  38. Most human cells have ______ chromosomes, which contain ______, the hereditary material.
    46; DNA
  39. Mature ______ are the human cells that have no chromosomes.
    Red Blood Cells
  40. Serous fluid prevents ______ in all of its locations.
    Friction
  41. Kidneys form ______ by the process of filtration.
    Urine
  42. ______ epithelium is thin and makes up the alveoli of the lungs.
    Simple Squamous
  43. ______ is caused by a deficiency of red blood cells.
    Lack of Oxygen
  44. ______ is a function of smooth muscle in the small intestine.
    Peristalsis
  45. DNA replication must create two sets of chromosomes before ______ can take place.
    Mitosis
  46. ______ is the movement of molecules from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration.
    Diffusion
  47. The cells that destroy pathogens that have entered the body are the ______.
    White Blood Cells
  48. The ribs are made of ______ and protects some internal organs from mechanical injury.
    Bone Tissue
  49. ______ epithelium makes up the epidermis of the skin, had dead surface cells to prevent water loss and which replaces surface cells by mitosis.
    Stratified Squamous
  50. Sensation, movement, and learning are all functions of ______ tissue.
    Nerve
  51. Intracellular Stuctures with specific functions are called ______.
    Cell Organelles
  52. The ______ number of chromosomes is 23.
    Haploid
  53. ______ is the diffusion of water.
    Osmosis
  54. ______ is caused by a mistake in the DNA, which results in a malfunction.
    Genetic Disease
  55. ______ are the smallest blood vessels with walls only once cell thick, which permit the exchange of gases, nutrients, and waste products between blood and tissues.
    Capillaries

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