Govt 2302 ch2 vocab

Card Set Information

Govt 2302 ch2 vocab
2012-01-20 11:39:12
collin college politics america volume

politics in america volume 2, collin college edition
Show Answers:

  1. political culture
    widely shared views about who should govern, for what ends, and by what means
  2. values
    shared ideas about what is good and desirable
  3. beliefs
    shared ideas about what is true
  4. subcultures
    variations on the prevailing values and beliefs in a society
  5. classical liberalism
    political philosophy asserting the worth and dignity of the individual and emphasizing the rational ablity of human beings to determine their own destinies
  6. natural law
    rules governing human behavior that are morally superior to laws made by governments
  7. capitalism
    economic system asserting the individual's right to own private propertyand to buy, sell, rent, and trade that property in a free market
  8. legal equality
    belief that the laws should apply equally to all persons
  9. political equality
    belief that every person's vote counts equally
  10. equality of opportunity
    elimination of atrificial barriers to success in life and the opportunity for everyone to strive for success
  11. equality of results
    equal sharing of income and material goods
  12. social mobility
    extent to which people move upward or downward in income and status over a liftime or over generations
  13. class conflict
    conflict between upper and lower social classes over wealth and power
  14. class consciousness
    awareness of one;s class position and a feeling of political solidarity with others within the same class in opposition to other classes
  15. immigration policy
    regulating the entry of non-citizens into the country
  16. aliens
    persons residing in a nation who are not citizens
  17. amnesty
    government forgiveness of a crime, usually granted to a group of people
  18. illegal immigration
    the unlawful entry of a person into a nation
  19. passport
    evidence of u.s. citizenship allowing people to travel abroad and reenter the united states
  20. visa
    a document or stamp on a passport allowing a person to visit a forgein country
  21. secular
    in politics, a refrence to opposition to religious practices and symbols in public life
  22. ideology
    consistent and integrated system of ideas, values, and beliefs
  23. conservatisism
    belief in the value of free msarkets, limited government, and individual self reliance in economic affairs, combined with a belief in the value of tradition, law, and moarlity in social affairs
  24. liberalism
    belief in the value of strong government to provide economic security and protection for civil rights, combined with a belief in personal freedom from government intervention in social conduct
  25. libertarian
    opposing government intervention in both economic and social affairs, and favoring minimal government in all sectors of society
  26. left
    a refrence to the liberal, progressive and/or socialist side of the political spectrum
  27. right
    a refrence to the conservative, traditional, antucommunist side of the political spectrum
  28. fascism
    political ideology in which the state and/or race is assumed to be supreme over individuals
  29. Marxism
    theories of Karl Marx, among them that capitalists opress owrkers and that worldwide revolution and the emergence of a classless society are inevitable
  30. Leninism
    The theories of Vladimir Lenin, among them being that advance captialist countries turned toward war and colonialism to make their own workers relatively prosperous
  31. communism
    system of government in which a single totalitarian party controls all means of production and distribution of goods and services
  32. socialism
    system of government involving collective or government ownership of economic enterprise ,with the goal being equality of results, not merely equalty of opportunity
  33. end of history
    the collapse of communism and the worldwide movement toward free markets and political democracy
  34. politically correct (PC)
    repression of attitudes, speech, and writings hat are deemed racist, sexist, homophobic or otherwise "insensitive"