Fine Arts Toss ups

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Fine Arts Toss ups
2012-01-20 18:45:30
Fine Arts

Fine Arts toss ups
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  1. Three figures wrapped in heavy blankets approach a lonely man sitting by a wagon and a fire in one work by this artist, and an early painting by this artist shows several men on horseback running away from a band of Native Americans. In addition to Shotgun Hospitality and A Dash for the Timber, one of his sculptures shows a man supporting a comrade who has been shot, called Wounded Bunkie. For 10 points, name this artist of a work that shows a man holding some rope in one hand while clutching onto a bucking horse, the sculptor who created Bronco Buster.
    ANSWER: Frederic Remington
  2. An armor-wearing knight almost falls out of a boat while kissing a nude Egyptian princess in this painter's The Liberation of Arsinoe. This artist painted portraits of Antonio Cappello, Nicolo Priull and other procurators of his city. After a 1577 fire devastated the Palazzo Ducale, he was commissioned to create the ceiling panel Defence of Brescia. At the center of another painting by this artist, a bearded, turbaned man holds up broken instruments of torture after a man lying on the ground is freed by St. Mark. In his painting of the Last Supper, a blazing lamp in the upper left lights up a dark room depicted on a diagonal. For 10 points, name this Renaissance artist from Venice who painted The Miracle of the Slave and whose nickname means "little dyer."
    ANSWER: Tintoretto [or Jacopo Robusti]
  3. In one of this composer's symphonies, the second part of the minuet is the same as the first part played in reverse, leading to its nickname The Palindrome. One other work of this composer features a persistent ticking rhythm. His works were catalogued by Anthony van Hoboken. In another work by this man, the performers depart the stage in the fourth movement. The second movement of one symphony he wrote features a sudden fortissimo. For 10 points, name this Austrian composer of the Clock, Farewell, and Surprise symphonies.
    ANSWER: Franz Joseph Haydn
  4. One character in this opera tells the audience that the show is about real humans while dressed as Taddio in its short prologue. The aria �Stridono lassu� represents a birdsong that comforts one character, who later collects money while dressed as (*) Colombina. After stabbing Silvio, one character exclaims �La Commedia � finite,� and that character earlier expresses his zero-tolerance policy for other men hitting on Nedda and sings the aria �Vesti la Giubba� while putting on a costume. For 10 points, name this Leoncavallo opera about Canio, a clown.
    ANSWER: Pagliacci [or Players; or I Pagliacci]
  5. Edited letters by this artist were published by Charles Robert Leslie. his early works include one inspired by Claude Lorrain, Dedham Vale: Morning, and a painting of a subject that would appear in a later work, Flatford Mill. Other frequent subjects included Salisbury Cathedral, and his paintings set in the River Stour valley include The White Horse and a painting that depicts Willy Lott's cottage and the titular cart. For 10 points, name this English landscape painter, whose best-known work is The Hay Wain.
    ANSWER: John Constable
  6. One opera by this composer includes the �Frost Scene,� in which Osmond demonstrates some magical powers. The music this composer wrote for the play Abdelazar was used by Benjamin Britten as the theme of The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. His most famous work was written for performance by a girls' boarding school, features a libretto by Nahum Tate, and contains the aria "When I am laid in earth." For 10 points, name this late seventeenth century English composer of the opera Dido and Aeneas.
    Henry Purcell
  7. One painting by this name depicts Christ in the clouds at the upper center while the left side shows, in progression, the expulsion of the Angels, the creation of Eve, and the tasting of the forbidden fruit. In addition to naming that Hieronymus Bosch triptych, this name graces a painting that depicts the Flatford Mill and a brown and white dog. That painting is named after a horse-drawn conveyance that is travelling in the River Stour. For 10 points, name this painting by John Constable.
    The Hay Wain
  8. This show contains the line �Never was such opportunity to get married with impunity� in the song �Pray observe the magnanimity�. The women being sung about are Mabel, Edith, Kate, and Isabel, the daughters of Stanley. Earlier in the first act of this show, Mabel sings �Poor wandering one� to Frederic, who has been raised incorrectly by Ruth, a maid who was supposed to apprentice Frederic to a ship's pilot. Instead, Frederic is instructed by a group known for its pity towards orphans. The best-known song from this work, in which Stanley brags of his �information vegetable, animal, and mineral,� is �The Major-General's Song�. Name this comic opera by Gilbert and Sullivan.
    The Pirates of Penzance
  9. One figure in this painting wears a hat with red and white triangles and a necklace of beads with a cross. A face can be seen in front of a church at the top of this painting. A line connects the eyes of the two largest figures in this painting, one of whom feeds a flower to the other. Other figures in this work include a woman milking a goat and a man with a scythe next to a woman who, like two of the houses in this painting, is upside-down. The two largest figures in this work are a green man and a goat that loom over much of the canvass, which may depict the town of Vitebsk, Belarus. For 10 points, name this painting by Marc Chagall.
    I and the Village
  10. One of his works shows an hourglass hanging above the title figure hunched over a desk, with a sleeping dog next to a lion in the foreground; another portrays an hourglass held by a bearded creature in a dark wood standing near a hoglike spearman. In addition to St. [*] Jerome in his Study and Knight, Death, and the Devil, this man's engravings include an anatomically incorrect beast, Rhinoceros, and a symbolic work containing a 4-by-4 panel of numbers, yet another hourglass, geometric shapes, and a pensive angel, Melancholia I. For 10 points, name this Reformation-era German artist famous for woodcuts depicting The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse.
    Albrecht Durer
  11. This man incorporated a modernized fugue for string quartet and string orchestra in his Introduction and Allegro. Hans Richter was a champion of this man�s early works like his First Symphony in A-flat major. He depicted his native country in the overture Cockaigne. This man wrote a choral work which contains the chorus �Praise to the Holiest� and is based on a poem of Cardinal (*) Newman. He also wrote a work containing a hidden theme that is never played and whose sections are dedicated to people like �EDU� and �Nimrod.� The aforementioned choral work is The Dream of Gerontius. For 10 points, name this English composer of the Enigma Variations and a march ubiquitous at graduations, Pomp and Circumstance.
    Sir Edward Elgar
  12. An eleven-inch sculpture created about twenty-five thousand years ago, called the Woman of Willendorf, is associated with this character. A Canova sculpture portrays Pauline Bonaparte as this figure. A sixteenth-century painting shows Time reaching over this figure while she kisses Cupid. A work naming this figure in its title shows a girl digging through a chest in the background while a dog and a naked woman lie on a bed. A fifteenth-century work shows her being given a cloak while being blown towards shore by Zephyrs. Name this goddess who was portrayed by Sandro Botticelli standing on a half shell.
  13. Eugene Goossens [GO-since], who commissioned this work, suggested that it be titled some branch of the military, and its composer had considered naming it after the Four Freedoms. Its main theme, later borrowed for the composer's Third Symphony, first appears in the trumpets, which are then joined by the French horns playing parallel fourths and fifths beneath them. That theme consists almost entirely of leaps and is usually punctuated with the percussive motif that also opens the piece, a gong crash followed by two beats of the timpani and bass drum. Ending on a swelling D Major chord, FTP, what is this flourish for brass and percussion written in 1942 by Aaron Copland, dedicated to the average citizen?
    Fanfare for the Common Man
  14. A series of poems about these pieces discuss its representation of Zephyr and Boreas fighting while a Shepherd weeps. One part of this work sees a violin represent a shepherd while a viola represents a sheepdog. This collection is part of a larger work that was dedicated to Wenzel von Morzin called The Contest Between Harmony and Invention. It is made up of four violin concertos. For 10 points, name this series including "La Primavera" and "L'autunno," composed by Antonio Vivaldi about different times of the year like Winter and Summer.
    The Four Seasons
  15. This man's "Emperor" string quartet quotes his "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser." He composed six masses for the Eszterh�zy family and two oratorios, The Creation and The Seasons. In his Symphony No. 45 in F-sharp, the final adagio movement sees each musician leave one by one until only two muted violinists remain, the "Farewell" symphony. His Symphony No. 94 in G major, one of his London Symphonies, features a sudden fortissimo chord for which it is named. For 10 points, identify this composer of the Military and Surprise symphonies.
    (Franz) Joseph Haydn
  16. This painting was defaced in 2003 when someone glued a picture of the September 11 terrorist attacks to it. Three women stand in front of this painting in Grant Wood's Daughters of Revolution. The title figure stands with his left leg forward, while behind him James (*) Monroe carries a flag and several figures attempt to navigate through ice floes. For 10 points, name this painting which depicts a famous event of December 25, 1776, by Emanuel Leutze.
    Washington Crossing the Delaware
  17. Minor characters in this work can include Freiherr von Schutzfels and the drunken tutor Wolfgang, while an oboe plays the melody in a namesake �Scene from� this work. In it, Benno von Sommerstern often goes hunting with his best friend, a crossbow-wielding [*] prince who is forced to leave so that his love will not die. At the ball in which he plans to proclaim his love, Siegfried is tricked by Odile, the daughter of the evil Von Rothbart, and in this ballet, Odette is under a spell. For 10 points, name this Tchaikovsky ballet in which Odette is a woman by night and a certain bird by day.
    Swan Lake [accept Lebedinoe Ozero] [SR]
  18. This man composed a work that was meant to be "as Haydn might have written it, had he lived in our day," his Classical Symphony. This composer drew on themes from Slavic mythology for the ballet Ala and Lolli and reworked it for his Scythian Suite. In addition to composing the scores for Ivan the Terrible and Alexander Nevsky, this man composed a work in which the grandfather is represented by a bassoon and the duck is represented by an oboe. For 10 points, name this Russian composer of Peter and the Wolf.
    Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev
  19. A piano opens with a tone row in octaves in this composer's Violin Sonata. This composer set Yevtushenko's poetry to the five movements of his Thirteenth Symphony, which commemorates the massacre of the Jews at Babi Yar. Critics accused this composer of making his ninth symphony too light-hearted. A march-like ostinato forms the invasion theme of this composer's seventh symphony, written around the Nazi attack of Russia. For 10 points, name this Soviet composer who feuded with Stalin and wrote the Leningrad Symphony.
    Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich
  20. This composer reused a triplet motif from his Romance for Piano for Six Hands in the second movement of a work by him, which begins with piano chords and low Fs that resemble the tolling of (*) bells. Another work by this composer is based on a painting by Arnold Bocklin and uses the Dies Irae theme. This composer wrote variations on a violin caprice in his Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini. For 10 points, name this Russian Romantic composer of The Isle of the Dead.
    Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff
  21. This composer remarked "the devil may play it" about his four-movement Wanderer Fantasy, which he himself could never play. This composer's first successful song was "Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel." Part of his incidental music to Rosamunde may have originally been meant for the finale of this composer's eighth symphony, which had only two movements when he died. For 10 points, name this Austrian composer of the Unfinished Symphony and Trout Quintet.
    Franz Peter Schubert
  22. The third of this man's four orchestral suites contains the "Air on the G string." Christian Petzold composed a minuet in G misattributed to this man as part of the "Notebook for Anna Magdalena." He composed one prelude and fugue in each key for both books of his (*) Well-Tempered Clavier. He composed a concerto for three violins, violas, and cellos, accompanied by a basso continuo which was one of six dedicated to a margrave. For 10 points, name this Baroque composer of the Brandenburg Concertos and a Toccata and Fugue in D minor for organ.
    Johann Sebastian Bach
  23. He won an Academy Award for The Heiress on his fourth nomination.� Among his Socialist-themed works were Into The Street May First and an article about proletarian music for The New Masses.� His symphonies include a Short Symphony and an Organ Symphony, and Something Wild and his Clarinet Concerto showed jazz influences.� His ballets include Hear Ye, Hear Ye!, a satire of the American judicial system, and several more famous works.� For ten points, name this American composer of Billy The Kid, Rodeo, and Appalachian Spring,� as well as the Fanfare for the Common Man.
    Aaron Copland
  24. This man painted three depictions of his bedroom in a house he shared with Paul Gauguin. This painter depicted a mustachioed man in front of a pool table while other patrons huddle at tables in his The Night Caf�. He showed a woman pouring out four cups of coffee in a work that shows (*) peasants at the dinner table. Another work by this man shows a cedar tree and the church spire of Saint-Remy (sahn reh-MEE) jutting into the swirling sky. For 10 points, name this Dutch Post-Impressionist who painted The Potato Eaters and The Starry Night.
    Vincent Willem van Gogh
  25. This painter of Old Woman Frying Eggs depicted a pale skinned Bacchus partying with a bunch of drunks in Los Borrachos. This artist painted Cupid holding up a mirror in his Rokeby Venus. This artist depicted the victory of Ambrosio Spinola over the Dutch in The Surrender at Breda. In his most famous work, this artist depicts himself wearing a cross and holding a palette. That painting also includes a girl stepping on a dog and a dwarf, who serves as an attendant to the Infanta Margarita. For 10 points, name this court painter to Philip IV and artist of Las Meninas.
    Diego Velazquez
  26. Its panel of the Just Judges was stolen in 1934, and, on the outside, the donors Jodocus Vijd and Lysbette Borluut appear along with grisaille depictions of Sts. John the Baptist and John the Evangelist. Between them and the prophets and sibyls in the top register is an Annunciation in which the shadow of the frame is visible. Also in grisaille are the Sacrifice and Murder of Abel on the interior atop nude depictions of Adam and Eve, which frame two angelic choirs and a deesis group. In its bottom register, hermits, pilgrims, martyrs, and prophets approach the Fountain of the Water of Life and the Lamb of God. FTP, name this polyptych by two Netherlandish brothers, Hubert and Jan van Eyck.
    The Ghent Altarpiece (accept The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb)
  27. This artist worked with Josep Llorens Artigas to build the Wall of the Sun and Wall of the Moon murals for the UNESCO building in Paris. One painting by this artist shows a bird in the upper left corner above a yellow, red, and white ladder. In another painting by this artist with a ladder on the left side, the title figure is next to a jack-in-the-box and wearing a mask that is half purple and half red. This European built a tapestry that was displayed in the World Trade Center, and one of his works is a mosaic in the middle of Las Ramblas in Barcelona. This artist famously said, �I want to assassinate painting.� Name this Catalan creator of Harlequin's Carnival and a sculpture originally titled The Sun, the Moon, and One Star located near the Chicago Picasso, in addition to Dog Barking at the Moon.
    Joan Mir� i Ferr�
  28. This composer rearranged �Tea for Two� into �Tahiti Trot,� part of a ballet depicting the travels of a soccer team to U-town, The Golden Age. His choral third symphony is subtitled �The First of May.� In his tenth symphony, a five-note motif representing a young woman named Elmira interacts with the four-note theme (*) D-E flat-C-B, which appears frequently in his work. After his work was attacked, this man�s next symphony was described as �A Soviet Artist�s Reply to Just Criticism. Another of his symphonies sets poems by Yevgeny Yevtushenko to music. This composer�s seventh symphony contains an �invasion theme� depicting the Nazis� march into Russia. For 10 points, name this composer of the Babi Yar and Leningrad symphonies.
    Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich
  29. This artist depicted a salamander beside the decapitated head of Medusa in one painting. His self-portraits include one in which he is holding hands with his first wife in a honeysuckle bower, and another in which he is dancing with his second wife at their wedding. Men on horses attack the titular creature while a dog grapples with a crocodile in one of his paintings. This artist of The (*) Garden of Love included a huge mass of people on the left and figures struggling with a horse on the right in another work. This artist of Hippopotamus Hunt and Rape of the Sabine Women showed the title figure being born and disembarking a ship at Marseille with her husband Henry IV in two paintings of his cycle depicting Marie de� Medici. For 10 points, name this Flemish Baroque painter known for his voluptuous nudes.
    Peter Paul Rubens
  30. He composed settings of the Liturgy of St. John Chysostom despite his own atheism and wrote the operas �May Night� and �Christmas Eve,� both based on Gogol stories. He depicted the Orient in �Song of India� and in another piece whose movements include �The Kalendar Prince� and �The Sea and Sindbad's Ship.� He worked Ivan the Terrible into his opera The Maid of Pskov and wrote a frantic interlude of chromatic sixteenth notes for The Tale of Tsar Saltan. FTP, identify this composer of The Snow Maiden, �Scheherazade,� and �The Flight of the Bumblebee.�
    Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
  31. An opera by Busoni based on this subject was left incomplete at his death but was recently completed. Liszt composed a three-movement symphony based on this subject, with each movement a programmatic description of one of the three major characters. The best known musical example of this work is known for its �Jewel Song� and its Soldier's Chorus, �Gloire, immortelle de nos aieux!� That opera was composed by Charles Gounod. Identify this legend of a medieval scholar who sells his soul to the devil in return for his youth.
    Doctor Faustus
  32. This man made use of an inverted telescope to size the proportions of his hometown, which he depicted in a painting of buildings on the river Schie (SHE). This artist of Girl Interrupted at Her Music depicted his own backside as he sits down to paint in his work The (*) Art of Painting. He showed a woman looking over her left shoulder, wearing a blue headdress while a piece of white jewelry hangs from her ear. For 10 points, name this Dutch artist who painted View of Delft and Girl with a Pearl Earring.
    Jan Vermeer [or Johannes Vermeer]
  33. The subject of this work was also depicted Drinking a Toast, and a watercolor study for this work shows the subject seated on a blue chaise lounge with papers in her lap. The subject of this work holds a closed fan in her left hand, while her right rests on a small wooden table. The initial reception at the Paris Salon led the artist to reposition one of the jeweled shoulder straps that hold up her black dress. For 10 points, name this depiction of the pale Virginie Gautreau looking to her left, a work of John Singer Sargent.
    Portrait of Madame X
  34. This man portayed the role of Rodolfo in his debuts in Vienna, London, Milan, and New York. His portrayal of Tonio in The Daughter of the Regiment earned him the title "King of the High Cs." His last public appearance was at the 2006 Winter Olympics, where the crowd sang the chorus of Puccini's Nessun Dorma. He became world famous by performing in a trio with Placido Domingo and Jose Carreras. For 10 points, name this Italian member of the Three Tenors.
    Luciano Pavarotti
  35. This artist's portrait of Pope Innocent the Tenth was modified by the modern painter Francis Bacon. This artist painted the god Bacchus crowning a drunken reveler with laurels in his work Los borrachos. This man painted himself holding a palette and wearing a black robe with a cross on it in his another painting. That painting by this man also depicts a girl stepping on a dog, and a dwarf attending to the Infanta Margarita. For 10 points, name this court painter to Philip IV who painted Maids of Honor in his Las Meninas.
    Diego Velazquez
  36. Inspirations for the program of this work, whose most familiar version was produced by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov after the composer's death, included Pushkin's Tzar Saltan and the composer's opera Undine, whose music was recycled for its famous love duet. The central female is kidnapped by the evil sorcerer Rothbart, who tricks the prince into pledging his fidelity to Odile, and her parents' tears form the titular location. In most versions, Odette then dies or is condemned to remain away from Siegfried in the form of the titular bird. For 10 points, name this ballet, the first by Tchaikovsky.
    Swan Lake or Lebedinoje osero
  37. An operatic adaptation of this play contains the �Walk to the Paradise Garden� and ends with the deaths of Sali and Vrenchen. A ballet named for this play includes the frequently excerpted �Dance of the Knights� and was composed by Sergei Prokofiev. The English horns begin the �love theme� of a fantasy- overture named for this play by Tchaikovsky. A Berlioz symphony inspired by this play includes the Queen Mab scherzo and ends with a recitative by Friar Lawrence after the death of the two title characters. For 10 points, name this Shakespeare play about star-crossed lovers.
    Romeo and Juliet
  38. A piece of this type by George Enescu is nicknamed In Romanian Folk Style, while works of this type by Alexander Scriabin are nicknamed White Mass and Black Mass. Franz Liszt wrote one of these pieces after a reading of Dante, while a section of one of these pieces became known as Chopin's Funeral March. This term typically applies to cham- ber works with a solo instrument that sometimes is joined by a piano and sometimes is a piano, and when first intro- duced it was contrasted with the term �cantata�. Give this term which applies to works nicknamed Kreutzer, Ham- merklavier, Waldstein, Appassionata, and Moonlight by Beethoven.
    piano sonatas
  39. Serge Lifar and Leonid Lavrovsky were among the choreographers who revised this one-act ballet, originally staged by Bronislava Nijinska in a version starring Ida Rubenstein. Said by its composer to be made for performance in factories, its score occasionally departs from the main key of C major. However, its tempo and content remain unchanged throughout. The only other dynamic aspects of the music for this piece are the rotation of the melody among different instruments and a steady crescendo. For 10 points, name this 1928 ballet, adapted from a Spanish folk dance by Maurice Ravel.
  40. The final movement of one of this composer's symphonies features the refrain �Freude, schoner Gotterfunken,� and his four-movement Piano Sonata No. 15 in D Major shares a title with a programmatic work including the movements Scene at the Brook and Shepherd's Song. In addition to the Pastoral Symphony, a popular G-G-G-E-flat motif opens his Fifth Symphony, and his last symphony sets to music Schiller's poem �Ode to Joy.� Especially known for his Ninth �Choral� Symphony, for 10 points, name this deaf German composer.
    Ludwig van Beethoven
  41. n astronomical device called a torquetum (tor-KAY-tum) is depicted near the top-right of this painting, while a crucifix half-hidden behind a curtain can be seen in the top-left corner. A globe is placed next to one of the title figures, who wears a large fur-trimmed coat and stands on an Oriental carpet. This painting depicts (*) Georges de Selve and Jean de Denteville, as well as an example of anamorphosis (aa-nah-more-FO-sis). For 10 points, name this painting with a notable distorted skull, painted by Hans Holbein the Younger.
    The Ambassadors
  42. His first symphony included Frere Jacques in a minor key as a funeral march in its third movement. Another of his symphonies includes a chorus with lines taken from the poem Die Auferstehung, which begins "Rise again, yes, rise again." He wrote some lieders, such as Kindertotenlieder and Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen, as well as a six-movement work in which sees some Chinese motifs and a large choral work as his 8th symphony. For 10 points, identify this Austrian composer who wrote the Titan, Resurrection, and Tragic symphonies as well as Symphony of a Thousand.
    Gustav Mahler
  43. This man's collaboration with Earl Hines resulted in his piece �Interlude,� and he played with Parker, Powell, and Mingus, among others, at the legendary Massey Hall show. This man covered �Summertime� on an album that also includes �Ain't Misbehavin'.� In addition to Cognac Blues, this musician composed pieces like �Opus X� and �Groovin' High.� His signature piece calls for musicians to yell the name title food item after a nine-note phrase. For 10 points, name this jazz trumpeter of �Salt Peanuts,� a bebop pioneer famed for the forty-five degree angle of his trumpet bell and his puffy cheeks.
    John Birks �Dizzy� Gillespie
  44. This composer wrote the music to the Crown of India masque, as well as an overture after the works of Froissart. His violin concerto was premiered by Fritz Kreisler, and his Cello Concerto in e minor is one of the most important pieces in the cello repertoire. Another of his pieces ends with the protagonist being guided into Purgatory. One popular work by this composer was dedicated "to my friends pictured within"; that work includes the famous "Nimrod" section and is called the Enigma Variations. Another of this man's compositions is often heard at graduation ceremonies. For 10 points, identify this composer of The Dream of Gerontius and Pomp and Circumstance.
    Edward Elgar
  45. In the second movement of one of this composer�s works, a passage evoking La Marseillaise succeeds the Lutheran hymn "A Mighty Fortress Is Our God." That work, In Black and White, was composed at roughly the same time as his Cello Sonata. A flute solo represents the title character in his setting of the Mallarm� poem (*) Prelude to the Afternoon of a Fawn. "Play of the Waves" is the title of the second movement of his symphony La Mer. For 10 points, name this French composer whose Suite Bergamesque includes the song "Claire de Lune."
    Achille-Claude Debussy
  46. One figure in this work carries a half-hoop of wood with nine spikes on the outside, while a green-skinned figure riding a boat in this work raises his oar as if preparing to strike. Another figure has a tail in the form of a snake, which bites at his own genitals, and its top-right lunette depicts a group of figures who carry a column through the air. The Birth of Christ and Finding of Moses were destroyed to make (*) room for this work. The central figure stands directly in front of the sun as if in the form of Apollo, while the artist incorporated a macabre self-portrait into this work in the form of the flayed skin held by St. Bartholomew. For 10 points, identify this giant fresco on the wall of the Sistine Chapel, a work by Michelangelo that depicts Jesus casting the damned to hell through the titular action.
    The Last Judgment
  47. He led the bands that performed Struttin with Some Barbecue and Potato Head Blues. He moved to Chicago to perform in King Oliver's band, and later used Earl Hines as his band�s pianist. His �Hot Seven� and �Hot Five� were disbanded before he went on to perform standards such as �When the Saints Go Marching In� with his �All Stars.� This cornettist from New Orleans performed �Blueberry Hill.� For 10 points, name this jazz musician nicknamed �Satchmo� who performed �What a Wonderful World� and �Hello Dolly.�
    Louis Daniel "Louie" Armstrong
  48. Religious-inspired works by this man include his Jeremiah Symphony and Chichester Psalms. This man's compositions include the scores for the ballets Facsimile and Fancy Free, and he composed the music for the film On the Waterfront. The first American to conduct at Milan's La Scala opera house, this man conducted the New York Philharmonic from 1958 to 1969. For 10 points, name this American conductor and composer of Westside Story.
    Leonard Bernstein
  49. This opera's aria "Hell's vengeance boils in my heart" reaches a high F6, and is sung by a character who, along with Monostatos, tries to destroy a temple in the final scene. Another character is a birdcatcher who is reunited with his similarly-named lover at the end of this opera. During this opera, Sarastro sings a prayer to Isis and Osiris in order to protect (*) Tamino, who must undergo an ordeal to win Pamina. For 10 points, name this Mozart opera about the Queen of the Night, Papagena, and Papageno, who is given the title instrument.
    The Magic Flute [or Die Zauberflte]
  50. This composer utilized bongos, claves, and gourds in his Cuban Overture, and like many of his other works, his F-major piano concerto was heavily influenced by jazz, blue, and ragtime melodies. He used taxi horns from the titular country in the premiere of his symphonic composition An American in Paris, and another work for solo piano and orchestra, which this composer had improvised at the premiere, begins with a clarinet glissando. However, he is also famous for a work that is set on Catfish Row that features the songs "It Ain't Necessarily So" and "Summertime." For 10 points, name this American composer of the opera Porgy and Bess and Rhapsody in Blue.
    George Gershwin