EMT-B CHAPTER 5

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Watson4
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129274
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EMT-B CHAPTER 5
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2012-01-23 21:03:56
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EMT-B CHAPTER 5
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  1. Nerve tissue that is continuous inferiorly with the spinal cord; serves as a conduction pathway for ascending and descending nerve tracts; coordinates heart rate, bolld vessel diameter, breathing, swallowing, vomiting, coughing, and sneezing
    Medulla oblongata
  2. The principal artery of the thigh. a continuation of the external iliac artery. it supplies blood to the lower abdominal wall, external genitalia, and legs. it can be palpated in the groin area.
    Femoral artery
  3. Metabolism that can proceed only in the presence of oxygen
    Aerobic metabolism
  4. The tiny blood vessels between the arterioles and venules that permit transfer of oxygen carbon dioxide, netrients, and wast between body tissues and the blood.
    capillary vessels
  5. A sac behind the pubic symphysis made of smooth muscle that collects and stores urine.
    Urinary bladder
  6. A neurotransmitter and drug sometimes used in the treatment of shock; produces vasoconstriction through its alpha stimulator properties.
    Norepinephrine
  7. Pertaining to nerves that release the neurotransmitter porepinephrine, or noradrenaline. the term also pertains to the receptors acted on by norepinephrine.
    Adrenergic
  8. The upper quarter of the sternum
    Manubrium
  9. Parts of the body that lie closer to the midline; also call ed inner structures.
    medial
  10. The most posterior portion of the cranium
    occiput
  11. a body part or condition that appears on both sides of the midline
    bilateral
  12. The eye socke, made up of the maxilla and zygoma
    orbit
  13. forms the posterior portion of the oral cavity, which is bordered superiorly by the hard and soft palates, laterally by the cheeks, and inferiorly by the tongue.
    oropharynx
  14. the upper jaybones that assist in the formation of the orbit, the nasal cavity, and the palate and hold the upper teeth.
    Maxillae
  15. The bone of the lower jaw
    mandible
  16. The large muscle that covers the front of the humerus
    biceps
  17. Fluid produced in the ventricles of the brain that flows in the subarachnoid space and bathes the meninges
    cerebrospinal fluid (csf)
  18. Further inside the body and away from the skin
    deep
  19. exchange of air between the lungs and the environment, spontaneously by the patient or with assistance from another person, such as an EMT
    ventilation
  20. The opaque, sticky secretion of the mucous membranes that lubricates the body openings
    Mucus
  21. The lowermost end of the colon
    rectum
  22. The tubes that connect each ovary with the uterus and are the primary location for fertilization of the ovum
    Fallopian tubes
  23. The nucleotide involved in energy metabolism; used to store energy
    adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
  24. The lining of body cavities and passages that communicate directly or indirectly with the environment outside the body
    Mucous membranes
  25. Motion of a limb toward the midline.
    adduction
  26. The nasal cavity; formed by the union of facial bones and protects the respiratory tract from contaminants
    nasopharynx
  27. The system that controls virtually all activities of the body, both voluntary and involuntary
    Nervous system
  28. The inner layer of the skin, containing hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels
    dermis
  29. A bony prominence on the proximal lateral side of the thigh, just below the hip joint.
    greater trochanter
  30. Cells that carry oxygen to the body's tissues; also called erythrocytes
    red blood cell
  31. The glands that secrete sweat, located in the dermal layer of the skin
    Sweat glands
  32. The primary female reproductive organs that produce an ovum, or egg, that, if fertilized, will develop into a fetus
    Ovaries
  33. To straighten
    extend
  34. The straightening of a joint.
    Extension
  35. The quadrangular bones of the cheek, articulating with the frontal bone, the maxillae, the zygomatic processes of the temporal bone, and the great wings of the sphenoid bone.
    zygomas
  36. The major artery in the forearm; it is palpable at the wrist on the thumb side
    Radial artery
  37. The area of the brain between the spinal cord and cerebrum, surrounded by the cerebellum; controls functions that are necessary for life, such as respiration.
    Brain stem
  38. The controlling organ of the body and center of consciousness; functions include perception, control of reactions to the environment, emotional responses, and judgment.
    Brain
  39. The heart muscle
    myocardium
  40. The organs that control the discharge of certain waste materials filtered from the blood and excreted as urine.
    Urinary system
  41. The small amount of liquid within a joint used as lubrication
    Synovial fluid
  42. The canal that conveys urine from the bladder to outside the body
    urethra
  43. The forward facing part of the hand in the anatomic position
    Palmar
  44. The outermost cavity of a woman's reproductive system; the lower part of the birth canal
    Vagina
  45. Endocrine glands located on top of the kidneys that release adrenaline when stimulated by the sypathetic nervous system
    Adrenal glands
  46. The spermatic duct of the testicles; also called vas deferens
    Vasa deferentia
  47. The bone on the thumb side of the forearm
    Radius
  48. The pressure of water to move, typically into the capillary, as the result of the presence of plasma protins
    Oncotic pressure
  49. A type of joint that has gron together forming avery stable connection
    symphysis
  50. The body cavity that contains the major orggans of the digestion and excretion. It is located below the diaphragm and avove the pelvis
    Abdomen (ABD)
  51. Abduction
    Motion of a limb away from the midline
  52. The depression on the lateral pelvis where its three components bones join, in which the femoral head fits snugly.
    Acetabulum
  53. The firm prominence in the upper part of the larynx formed by the thyroid cartilage. Its is more prominent in men than in women.
    Adam's apple
  54. Motion of a limb toward the midlne.
    adduction
  55. slow, gasping respirations, sometimes seen in dying patients
    agonal respiration
  56. The air sacs of the lungs in which the exchange of wxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
    Alveoli
  57. The metabolism that takes place in the absence of oxygen; the principal product is lactic acid.
    Anaerobic metabolism
  58. The front surface of the body; the side facing you in the standard anatomic position
    Anterior
  59. The principal artery leaving the left side of the heart and carrying freshly oxygenated blood to the body.
    Aorta
  60. The pointed extremity of a conical structure.
    Apex
  61. Portion of the pons that increases the length of inspiration and decreases the respiratory rate.
    Apneustic center
  62. The portion of the skeletal system that comprises the arms, legs, pelvis, and shoulder girdle.
    Appendicular skeleton
  63. A small tubular structure that is attached to the lower border of the cecum in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen
    Appendix
  64. One of the two upper chamber of the heart
    Atrium
  65. The part of the nervous system that regulates functions, such as digestion and sweating, that are not controlled voluntarily.
    Autonomic nervous system
  66. The part of the skeleton comprising the skull, spinal colum and rib cage
    Axial skeleton
  67. An organ that lies below the midbrain and above the medulla and contains nemerous important nerve fibers, including those for sleep, respiration, and the medullary respiratory center
    Pons
  68. A thin, leaf-shaped valve that allows air to pass inot the trachea but provents food and liquid form entring.
    Epiglottis
  69. The contraction, or period of contraction, of the heart, especially that of the ventricles (the upper)
    Systoleic
  70. 12-20 breaths per min
    Adults
  71. 15-30 breaths per min
    Children
  72. 25-30 breaths per min
    Infant
  73. 60-100
    Adult heart rate
  74. 70-150
    Child heart rate
  75. 100-160
    Infant heart rate
  76. This clots the blood
    Platelets
  77. A sticky yellow fluid that carries the blood cells and nutrients
    Plasma
  78. face down
    Prone
  79. Face up
    Supine
  80. Infectious disease
    exposure
    crime scene
    deceased
    Special reporting requirments
  81. DOA- Unknown cause of death- Suicide- Violent death - Poisining- Suspicion of crimanal activity
    • MEDICAL EXAMINER CASES
  82. Infectious disease exposure- Crime scene- Deceased
    • SPECIAL REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

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