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What is Catholic Social Teaching (CST)?
refers to a collection of writings that were written in modern times by Popes and Bishops to address the Church's response and responsibility ( involves what we think/ say AND what we do) regarding various political, economic and social issues of our time
What is the main message of CST?
our faith is social. We can't be "catholic" unless we hear and serve those in need and work for justice/ peace. We aren't followers of Jesus unless we follow his message and serve those in need. Otherwise, we cannot say we are catholic. We are not authentically living God's word
True or False
We need to serve others in order to say we are followers of Jesus
Who wrote the Rerum Novarum Church Document and when?
1891- Pope Leo XIII
Who wrote the Church Document Peace on Earth and when?
1963- Pope John XXIII
Who wrote the document A Call to Action and when?
1971- Pope Paul XI
Who wrote the Church Document On Human Work and when?
1981- Pope John Paul II
Who wrote the Church Document On Social Concern and when?
Who wrote the Church Document The Gospel of Life and when?
What does teh Rerum Novarum discuss?
the rights of workers
What does Peace on Earth discuss?
World Peace and Human Rights
What does A Call to Action Discuss?
the roles and responsibilities of the laity
What does On Human Work discuss?
the importance of work for human beings
What does On Social Concern discuss?
increased awareness of the world's poor
What does The Gospel of Life discuss?
The Principles of CST
a. There are __ basic principles that guide the Church's CST. Keeping these principles can help us to figure out where the Church would stand on almost any issue.
What is the first CST teaching?
- all life is sacred
- - human life is sacred and all human beings have dignity and respect
What is teh second teaching of CST
- The gov't is there to protect life and common good
- - humnas need to be less selfish and more aware of our commmunities
- - not just sacred but also social
- - we don't exist on our own; we need others
What is the third teaching of CST?
- we have a right to life and to those things required for human dignity
- - water, food, shelter, clothing, health care, drinkk, education
- we also have responsiblilities to ourselves, families, and society
What is the fourt teaching of CST?
needs of the poor/ vulnerable must be taken care of first, and should be taken into consideration when making decisions that affect humans on any leven
What is a moral test and which teaching is it for?
fourth teachinglook at the most vulnerable and see how they're doing
What is the fifth social teaching?
- Everyone has the right to participate in society
- - this addresses the unjust nature of "ism's"
What is the sixth teaching of CST?
The basic rights of workers must be respected
What is the seventh teaching of CST?
- we are called by God as part of faith, to protect our planet and all that live in it
- - people and animals
What is the eighth social teaching?
- As humans, we are all connected (everyonein the world)
- - in order for this to affect our lives in any real way, we need to be informed of what is going on in the world
What is the ninth teaching of CST?
The Gov't has responsibilities to promote/ protect human dignity and rights. We need to elect leaders who will truly do this.
What is the tenth teaching of CST?
Be peaceful people
What is PJPII's quote for the tenth teaching of CST?
- Peace is not just the absence of war. It involves mutual respect and confidence between peoples and nations. It involves collaboration and binding agreements.
- - peace is sought for; it is not the opposition of war, but respect and confidence between people and nations
When was Mother Theresa born and under what name? Where?
- august 27, 1910 as Agnes
Whta was MT's first religious order joined and where?
Sisters of Loretto in Dublin, Ireland
In __. MT took the name __ after __.
In 1929, where did she work? What did she do regarding her job?
- May 24, 1931
- St. Therese of Liseux
- taught geography at St. Mary's HS for girls in Calcutta, India
- She abandoned her job to care for the needy in Calcutta
What organization did MT found? What was the uniform?
- MIssionaries of Charity (today all over world)
- wore plain white sari with blue border, and a simple cross pinned on left shoulder
Who did MT focus on and what did she teach them?
What did she start in Calcutta.
- poor children ( how to read and care for themselves)
- orphanages, hospitals, homes for the elderly, blind, poor, aged, disabled, etc.
In the mid 1950s, who did MT help? What did she create?
In __, __ gave MT the first __.
The next year she received the __ award for __.
In __, she also received the __.
In __, she got the __ by Reagan.
- 1970, Pope Paul VI, Pope John XXIII Peace Prize
- Indian, International Understanding
- 1979, Nobel Peace Prize
- 1985, Presidential Medal of Freedom
When did MT die? Where? HOw?
- Sept 5, 1997
- of a heart attack
When was Dorothy Day born? Where?
November 8, 1897 in Brooklyn, NY
When did Dorothy Day die? Where
November 29th, 1980 in NY, NY
True or False:
Dorothy Day was born and raised Catholic.
What did her family do alot? Why? What did it do to Day?
- traveled alot looking for jobs
- she was very lonely
As a result of her childhood, what did Day write?
The Long Loneliness
True or False:
Dorothy Day had several religious experiences.l
In 1914, what did Day do regarding college?
- Who attracted her?
- matriculated as a studnet at University of Illinois in Urbana but did not graduate
- - radical group (mostly Jews) and influenced her
After __ years at the college, what did she do?
Where did Day seek to develop herself?
in center of American Bohemian cluture in NY
What was Day's main job?
What was Day involved in full time?
city's radical political and cultural scene
Besides writing, what other job did she have?
in 1918, she was a probationary nurse at Kings County Hospital in Brooklyn
What didn't Day find satisfaction in?
love, nursing, etc.
On December 28, 1927, what did Day do?
had herself and her daughter baptized in RI (Roman Catholic Church in NY) she found comfort in Catholic church. saw good in it.
__ of NYC told Day that her __ abd __ are connected.
- Peter Mauren
- radical social reform
- Roman Catholic faith
True or False:
Peter Maurin believed the church could change the world.
What was Maurin and Day's newspaper called?
What did they create? Who was it for?
- hospitality houses
- homeless workers, they promoted their singular version of Catholicism as social reform movement
True or False:
It was because of Day tha tthey began the process of sainthood earlier.
What are the Corporal Works of Mercy?
- feed the hungry
- clothe the naked
- visit the imprisoned
- give drink to the thirsty
- shelter the homeless
- visit the sick
- bury the dead
What are the Spiritual Works of Mercy
- admonish sinners
- instruct the ignorant
- counsel the doubtful
- comfort the sorrowful
- bear wrongs patiently
- forgive injuries
__ served as Archbishop of __ from __.
He is currently recognized as a __ ( the beginning of the _, which was started by __.)
- Oscar Romero
- El Salvador
- "Servant of God"
- canonization process
El Salvador in Romero's Time
a. Most __ country in __.
What was wrong with the population?
b. How was it unstable?
--> government: __ and used __ and __ to control people.
This generated __ which fought back against the government, often through violent means. (called __)
- Central America
- unevenly distributed throguhout area, creating very crowded conditions for the country's poor
- fear and violence
- rebel groups
- guerilla groups
In El Salvador, how was the wealth distributed?
A majority of the people (both rich and poor) were __
--> The __ was a significant presence.
- very unevenly, creating two extremees-- very rich/ very poor
- catholic church