Nur 113

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Nur 113
2012-01-22 01:33:15
Unit One terms

Chapter 1, 2-4
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  1. medical model
    the view of illness as pathological and something of which the health care provider worked to rid, heal, or cure the patient
  2. ethnopluralism
    diverse cultures
  3. ethnocentrism
    belief that one ethnic or groups values, beliefs or practices or are superior to all others
  4. nursing process - framwork of systematic problem solving and actions to be used by nurses in identifying, preventing or tereating individual health needs
    assess for signs of illness, diagnose alterations in health, determine interventions to restore health, conceptualize a targeted health outcome moving away from illness, and evaluate the treatment plan for nurse-determined modifications
  5. holism
    patient-defined state of coping, harmony, wholeness, and unity
  6. spirituality
    hope, purpose, meaning
  7. nursing aesthetics
    the art of nursing is the low-tech, high-touch artistry of caring that strengthens healing process, make change or master the threatening health event
  8. guided imagery
    to visualize repeatedly a positive outcome
  9. engaging transpersonal care
    opportunity for the family-child nurse to utilize the nursing process in a new way - the nurse assess the patient and famiy's confidence to address and manage the health threat, diagnoses the health alteration
  10. NIC
    Nursing interventions classification
  11. NOC
    Nursing outcomes classification
  12. Nightingale
    English nurse: reformer of hospital conditions and procedures; reorganizer of nurse's training programs.
  13. Teratogens
    a drug or other substance capable of interfering with the development of a fetus, causing birth defects
  14. Newborn sleep patterns
  15. nonmalefiencence
    first do no harm
  16. maslow's
    • heriarchy of need: self-actualization, Esteem, love/belonging, safety, physiological
    • A theory in psychology, proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation.[2] Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans' innate curiosity. His theories parallel many other theories of human developmental psychology, all of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans.
  17. Beneficence
    the doing of good; active goodness or kindness; charity.

    a beneficent act or gift; benefaction.
  18. PROM
    Premature Rupture Of Membrane
  19. Nursing Process:
    Assess, Diagnos, Plan, implament, Evaluation, Documentation...the framework for nursing
  20. family-centered care (FCC)
    Placing family relationships, their coping mechanisms, values, priorities, and precetions at the center of a patient's health care needs.
  21. Cultural Sensitivity
    Learning, recognizing, and comprehending that cultural factors are what shape a family's persception of their health and health related event.
  22. Cultural competence
    nurses ability to recognize that how the patient and family comprehend and respond to a particulare health event is shape by cultural factors, values, and beliefs.
  23. cultural perscriptions
    folk belief, practices, and values of a group that tell women and chilren what they should do - what their respective roles should be
  24. cultural proscriptions
    folk beliefs, practiecsand values of a group that tell women and children wht they should not do
  25. complementary and alternative health care/medicine (CAM)
    low tech, high touch noninvasive, nonintrusive, nontraditional, interventions which support the family and child's whole mind, body, energy, environment, and spiritual healing, however...not all are nonintrusive, noninvasive, or without side effects.
  26. Critical thinking
    precise, disiplined thinking that promotes accuracy and depth of data colleciton and seeks to clearly identify the problems, issues, and risks at hand
  27. Evidence-based practices (EBPs)
    Scientific literature that helps nurses stay current in their technical clinical abilities and choose the most effective interventions. These practices promote, prevent and protect health behaviors in bulnerable populations.
  28. Primary prevention
    health promotion and activities specifically meant to prevent disease from occuring
  29. Secondary prevention
    early identification and prompt treatment of health problem before it has a problem has chance to spread or become serious
  30. Tertiary prevention
    restoration of health to the highest funcitoning state possible
  31. Epidemiology
    the statistical analysis of the distribution and determinants of disease in a populations over time.
  32. Martality
  33. Morbidity