Passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine into the bloodstream.
small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain) released weh proteins are digested.
enyme secreted by the pancreas to digest starch.
terminal end or opening of the digestive track to the outside of the body
blind pouch hanging from the cecum (in the RLQ) It literlly means hanging (pend/o) on to (ap-, which is a form of ad-)
digestive juice made in the liver and stored in the gallbladder. It breaks up (emulsifies) large fat globules.
pigment released by the liver in bile
pointed, dog-like next the the incisors. calls called cuspids or eyeteeth.
first part of th elarge intestine
large intestine, consisting of the cecim; the ascending, transverse. and decending segments of the colon; and the rectum.
common bile duct
carries bile from the liver and gallbladder to the duodenum. also called the choledochus
elimination of feces from the digestive tract through the anus.
the primary material foudn in teeth. It is coverd by the enamel in the crown and a protective layer of cementum in the root.
breakdown of complex foods in simple forms.
first part of the small intestine. duo=2 den= 10 the duodendum meaures 12 inches long.
act of removal of materials from the body; in the digestive sysstem, the removal of ingestible materials as feces.
physical process of breaking up large fat globules into smaller globules, thereby increasing the suface area that enzymes can use the digest the fat.
hard, outermost layer of a tooth
a chemical that speeds up a reactin between substances. Digestive enzumes break down foods to simpler substances. /enzumes are given names that end in -ase.
tube connecting the throat to the stomach, ESO-means inward Phag/omeans swallowing
substances produced when fats are digested
small sac under the liver; stores bile. remember: gallbladder is 1word
starch; glucose is stored in the form of glycogen in liver cells.
substances produced by the stomach; necessary for digestion of food.
3rd part of the small intestine. twisted
one of four front teeth in the dental arch.
hormone produced by the endocrine cells of the pancrease. it transports sugar from the blood into cells and stimulates glyocgen formation by the liver
second part of the small intestine. Empty
pancreatic enzyme necessary to bigest fat
A lage organ located in the RUQ of the abdomen. The live secretes bile; stores sugar, iron, and vitamins; produces blood proteins; and destroys worn- out red blood cells. The normal adult liver weighs about 2 1/2 to 3 pounds
lower esophageal sphincter(LES)
Ring of muscles between the esophagus and the stomach. aka cardiac sphincter.
the sixth, sevent, and eight teeth from the middle on either side of the dental arch. Premolor teeth are the fourth and fithf teeth, before the molars.
roof of the mouth. the hard palate lies anterior to the soft palate and is suported by the upper jaybone(maxilla). The soft palate is the posterior fleshy part between the mouth and the throat.
organ under the stomach; produces insulin 9for transport of sugar into cells) and enzymes ( for digestion of food)
papillae ( singular: papilla)
small elevation of the the tounge. a papilla is a nipple like elevation