To listen to sounds within an organ with a stethoscope
Capnometer or end-tidal carbon dioxide detectors are devices that use a chemical reaction to detect the amount of carbon dioxide present in expired gases by changing colors (qualitative measurement rather than quantitative)
The overall initial impression that determines the priority for patient care; based on the patient's surroundings, the mechanism of injury, signs and symptoms, and the chief complaint
The pressure that remains in the arteries during the relaxing phase of the heart's cycle when the left ventricle is at rest. (lower)
A systematic heat to toe examination that is profomed during the secondary assessment on a patient who has sustained a significant mechanism of injury, is unconscious, or is in critical condition.
Full body scan
A grating or grinding sensation caused by fractured bone ends or joints ribbing together; also air bubbles under the skin that produce a crackling sound or crinkly feeling.
A test that evaluates distal circulatory system function by squeezing (blanching) blood from and area such as a nail bed and watching the speed of its return after releasing the pressure
An indication of air movement in the lungs,usually assessed with a stethosope.
An upright position in which the patient leans forward onto two arms stretched forward and thrusts the head and chin forward.
Coarse, low pitched breath sounds heard n patients with chronic mucus in the upper airways.
Blood pressure that is lower than the normal range
To examin by touch
Circulation of blood within an organ or tissue in adequate amounts to meet the current needs of the cells
Blood pressure that is higher than the normal range
An upright position in which the patients head and chin are thrust slightly forward to keep the airway open
The delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the eye.
Characterized by profuse sweating
Respiration that are charcterized by little movement of the chest wall (reduced tidal volume) or poor chest excursion.
A method of assessing the level of consciousness by determining whether the patients is awake and alert, responsive to berbal stimuli or pain, or unresponsive; used principally early in the assessment process.
The time from inury to definitive care. during which treatment of shock and traumatic injuries should occur because survival potential is best
A condition in which the internal body tep falls below 95 deg F usually as a result of prolonged exposure to cool or freezing temps.
The pressure wave that occurs as each heartbeat causes a surge in the blood circulation through the arteries.
T secondary muscle of repiration. they include the neck muscles (sternocleidomastoids) the chest pectoralis major muscles, and abdominal muscles
Negative findings that warrant no care or intervention
a severe breathing problen in which a patient can speek only two to three words at a time wihout pausing to take a breath.
2 to 3 word dyspnea
A step within the patient assessment process that provies detail about the patient's chief complaint and an account of the patien's signs and symptoms.
objective finding that can be seen, heard, felt, smelled or measured.
Subjective findings that the patient feels but that can be identified only by the patient.
The increased pressure in an artery with each contraction of the ventricles. (upper)
A high pitched noise heard primarily on inspiration
Narrowing of a blood vessel, such as with hypoperfusion or cold extremeties.
The mental status of a patient as measured by memory of person name, place, time, and event.
The motion of the portion of the chest wass that is detached in a flail chest; motion (in during inhalation, out during exhalation) is exactly the opposit of normal chest wall motion during breathing (2 words)
The amount of air (in milililters) that is moved in or out of the lungs during one breath
Protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the CDC for use in dealing with objects, bolld, body fluids, and other potential exposure risks of communicable disease.
A step within the patient assessment process that is preformed at regular intervals to identify and treat changes in a patien's condition.
Involuntary muscle contraction of the avdominal wall in a effort to protet inflamed abdomen; a sign of peritonitis.
Clothing or specialized equipment that provides protection to the wearer.
The prcess of sorting patients based on the severity of injury and medical need to establish treatment and transportation priorities.
The tough, fivrous, white portion of the eye that protects the more delicate inner structures.
Movements in which the skin pulls in around the ribs during inspiration.
Breathing that occurs with no assistance
An assesment tool that measures O2 saturation of hemoglobin in the capillary beds.
The pressure of circulation blood against the wallsof the arteries.
A rapid heart rate, more than 100 bpm
A step within the patient assessment process that identifies and initiates treatment of immediate and potential life threats
a cracklin, rattling breath sound that signals fluid in the air spaces of the lungs; also called crackles.
The key signs that are used to evaluate the patients overall condition, including respiration, pulse, blood pressure, level of consciousness, and skin characteristics.
The way in which a patient responds to external stimuli, including verbal stimuli, tactile stimuli, and painful stimuli.
A bluish gray skin color that is caused by a reduced level of O2 in the blood.
damage to tissues as the result of exposure to cold; frozen partially frozen body parts.