EMT-B CHP8

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Watson4
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129354
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EMT-B CHP8
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2012-01-21 12:03:56
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EMT CH8
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EMT-B CHAPTER 8
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  1. A slow heart rate, less than 60 beats/min
    Bradycardia
  2. To listen to sounds within an organ with a stethoscope
    Auscultate
  3. Capnometer or end-tidal carbon dioxide detectors are devices that use a chemical reaction to detect the amount of carbon dioxide present in expired gases by changing colors (qualitative measurement rather than quantitative)
    Colorimetric devices
  4. The overall initial impression that determines the priority for patient care; based on the patient's surroundings, the mechanism of injury, signs and symptoms, and the chief complaint
    general impression
  5. The pressure that remains in the arteries during the relaxing phase of the heart's cycle when the left ventricle is at rest. (lower)
    Diastolic pressure
  6. A systematic heat to toe examination that is profomed during the secondary assessment on a patient who has sustained a significant mechanism of injury, is unconscious, or is in critical condition.
    Full body scan
  7. A grating or grinding sensation caused by fractured bone ends or joints ribbing together; also air bubbles under the skin that produce a crackling sound or crinkly feeling.
    Crepitus
  8. A test that evaluates distal circulatory system function by squeezing (blanching) blood from and area such as a nail bed and watching the speed of its return after releasing the pressure
    Capillary refill
  9. An indication of air movement in the lungs,usually assessed with a stethosope.
    Breath sounds
  10. An upright position in which the patient leans forward onto two arms stretched forward and thrusts the head and chin forward.
    Tripod position
  11. Coarse, low pitched breath sounds heard n patients with chronic mucus in the upper airways.
    Rhonchi
  12. Blood pressure that is lower than the normal range
    Hypotension
  13. To examin by touch
    Palpate
  14. Circulation of blood within an organ or tissue in adequate amounts to meet the current needs of the cells
    Perfusion
  15. Blood pressure that is higher than the normal range
    Hypertension
  16. An upright position in which the patients head and chin are thrust slightly forward to keep the airway open
    Sniffing position
  17. The delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the eye.
    Conjunctiva
  18. Characterized by profuse sweating
    Diaphoretic
  19. Respiration that are charcterized by little movement of the chest wall (reduced tidal volume) or poor chest excursion.
    Shallow respirations
  20. A method of assessing the level of consciousness by determining whether the patients is awake and alert, responsive to berbal stimuli or pain, or unresponsive; used principally early in the assessment process.
    AVPU scale
  21. The time from inury to definitive care. during which treatment of shock and traumatic injuries should occur because survival potential is best
    Golden Period
  22. A condition in which the internal body tep falls below 95 deg F usually as a result of prolonged exposure to cool or freezing temps.
    Hypothermia
  23. The pressure wave that occurs as each heartbeat causes a surge in the blood circulation through the arteries.
    Pulse
  24. T secondary muscle of repiration. they include the neck muscles (sternocleidomastoids) the chest pectoralis major muscles, and abdominal muscles
    Accessory muscles
  25. Negative findings that warrant no care or intervention
    Pertinent negatives
  26. a severe breathing problen in which a patient can speek only two to three words at a time wihout pausing to take a breath.
    2 to 3 word dyspnea
  27. A step within the patient assessment process that provies detail about the patient's chief complaint and an account of the patien's signs and symptoms.
    History taking
  28. objective finding that can be seen, heard, felt, smelled or measured.
    Sign
  29. Subjective findings that the patient feels but that can be identified only by the patient.
    symptom
  30. The increased pressure in an artery with each contraction of the ventricles. (upper)
    systolic pressure
  31. A high pitched noise heard primarily on inspiration
    Stridor
  32. Narrowing of a blood vessel, such as with hypoperfusion or cold extremeties.
    Vasoconstriction
  33. The mental status of a patient as measured by memory of person name, place, time, and event.
    Orientation
  34. The motion of the portion of the chest wass that is detached in a flail chest; motion (in during inhalation, out during exhalation) is exactly the opposit of normal chest wall motion during breathing (2 words)
    Paradoxical motion
  35. The amount of air (in milililters) that is moved in or out of the lungs during one breath
    Tidal volume
  36. Protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the CDC for use in dealing with objects, bolld, body fluids, and other potential exposure risks of communicable disease.
    Standard precautions
  37. A step within the patient assessment process that is preformed at regular intervals to identify and treat changes in a patien's condition.
    reassessment
  38. Involuntary muscle contraction of the avdominal wall in a effort to protet inflamed abdomen; a sign of peritonitis.
    Guarding.
  39. Clothing or specialized equipment that provides protection to the wearer.
    PPE
  40. The prcess of sorting patients based on the severity of injury and medical need to establish treatment and transportation priorities.
    Triage
  41. The tough, fivrous, white portion of the eye that protects the more delicate inner structures.
    sclera
  42. Movements in which the skin pulls in around the ribs during inspiration.
    retractions
  43. Breathing that occurs with no assistance
    Spontaneous respirations
  44. An assesment tool that measures O2 saturation of hemoglobin in the capillary beds.
    Pulse oximetry
  45. The pressure of circulation blood against the wallsof the arteries.
    blood pressure
  46. A rapid heart rate, more than 100 bpm
    Tachycardia
  47. A step within the patient assessment process that identifies and initiates treatment of immediate and potential life threats
    Primary assessment
  48. a cracklin, rattling breath sound that signals fluid in the air spaces of the lungs; also called crackles.
    Rales
  49. The key signs that are used to evaluate the patients overall condition, including respiration, pulse, blood pressure, level of consciousness, and skin characteristics.
    Vital signs
  50. The way in which a patient responds to external stimuli, including verbal stimuli, tactile stimuli, and painful stimuli.
    Responsiveness
  51. A bluish gray skin color that is caused by a reduced level of O2 in the blood.
    cyanosis
  52. damage to tissues as the result of exposure to cold; frozen partially frozen body parts.
    Frostbite

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