Chapter 1

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jcristianini
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129469
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Chapter 1
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2012-01-22 06:41:13
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vocab
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Words from Merriam Webster's Vocabulary Builder
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  1. They didn't seem to understand the gravity of the situation.
    seriousness
  2. He uttered the oath with proper gravity.
    solemnity
  3. She remained stoic even as he continued to insult her.
    did not complain or become upset
  4. He had a _____ (showing no emotion especially when something bad is happening) expression on his face.
    stoic
  5. someone who believes that war and violence are wrong and who refuses to participate in or support a war
    a pacifist
  6. A group of _____ (people who believe that war and violence are wrong and who refuse to participate in or support a war) were protesting the war.
    pacifists
  7. gravitas
    a very serious quality or manner
  8. The new leader has an air of _____ (very serious quality or manner) that commands respect.
    gravitas
  9. a comic actress who lacks the _____ (very serious quality or manner) for dramatic roles
    gravitas
  10. the study of crime, criminals, and the punishment of criminals
    criminology
  11. levity
    a lack of seriousness
  12. She would not tolerate any levity in the classroom.
    frivolity
  13. They managed to find some levity in the situation.
    amusing quality
  14. in a state in which you love, admire, or are very interested in something or someone
    enamored
  15. enamored [+ prep.]
    of/with
  16. I became completely fascinated with the island and its people.
    enamored of/with
  17. He was enamored with her from the day they met.
    in love with
  18. She is less than enamored with her new job.
    doesn't like
  19. amicable
    showing a polite and friendly desire to avoid disagreement and argument
  20. The discussions were _____ (showing a polite and friendly desire to avoid disagreement and argument).
    amicable
  21. They reached an _____ (showing a polite and friendly desire to avoid disagreement and argument) agreement.
    amicable
  22. stentorian
    very loud
  23. a very loud voice
    stentorian
  24. lacking the things that make life comfortable or more pleasant
    stentorian
  25. an inexpensive place for usually young travelers to stay overnight
    a hostel
  26. a shelter for homeless people (BrE)
    a hostel
  27. a person who behaves in a morally wrong way
    a reprobate
  28. inhospitable: of an environment where plants, animals, or people cannot live or grow

    Give a synonym for 'inhospitable' in this context.
    barren
  29. not ready or willing to accept or consider something
    inhospitable
  30. inhospitable [+ prep.]
    to
  31. a person/company known for being inhospitable to new ideas
    closed
  32. the quality of a person who is completely honest
    probity
  33. a substance (such as yeast) that makes dough rise and become light before it is baked
    leaven/leavening
  34. The first vowel in 'leaven' is pronounced /i:/ or /e/?
    /e/
  35. leavening

    Syn. ?
    leaven
  36. something that makes a situation or mood less serious
    leaven/leavening
  37. a formal agreement between two countries, people, or groups especially to help each other or to stop fighting
    pact
  38. They _____ (past v.) a pact to go to the gym together three times a week.
    made
  39. relating to, desiring, or involving expensive comforts and pleasures
    sybaritic
  40. sybaritic desires/pleasures/entertainments/excesses
    expensive
  41. The judge ordered the attorney to stop _____ the witness.

    to criticize or question (someone) in a threatening way
    to hector
  42. to hector

    What is the adjective form in 'a _____ tone of voice'?
    hectoring
  43. hedonism
    the belief that pleasure or happiness is the most important goal in life
  44. an angry statement in which you accuse or criticize a person who has accused or criticized you
    recrimination
  45. The discussion turned into a heated debate with _____ (pl. n.) flying back and forth.

    an angry statement in which you accuse or criticize a person who has accused or criticized you
    recrimination
  46. The meeting ended with bitterness and _____.

    an angry statement in which you accuse or criticize a person who has accused or criticized you
    recrimination
  47. to move or tend to move to or toward someone or something
    to gravitate
  48. The guests _____ (past v.) toward the far side of the room.

    to move or tend to move to or toward someone or something
    to gravitate
  49. The conversation _____ (past. v.) to/toward politics.

    to move or tend to move to or toward someone or something
    to gravitate
  50. Voters have started being attracted to him as a possible candidate.
    gravitating
  51. Many young people now move toward careers in the computer industry.
    gravitate
  52. hospice
    a place that provides care for people who are dying
  53. occurring in the southern U.S. during the time before the American Civil War

    e.g. the ~ South; ~ society; ~ houses
    antebellum
  54. rebellion
    an effort by many people to change the government or leader of a country by the use of protest or violence
  55. Give four examples of verbs preceding 'rebellion'.
    suppress/quell/crush/quash/spark
  56. refusal to obey rules or accept normal standards of behavior, dress, etc.

    e.g. signs of teenage ~
    rebellion
  57. Recent election losses have led to open _____ among some party members, who are calling for a complete change of leadership.

    refusal to obey rules or accept normal standards of behavior, dress, etc.
    rebellion
  58. The unfair tax laws sparked a _____.

    refusal to obey rules or accept normal standards of behavior, dress, etc.
    rebellion
  59. A _____ broke out.

    refusal to obey rules or accept normal standards of behavior, dress, etc.
    rebellion
  60. bellicose
    having or showing a tendency to argue or fight
  61. bellicose behaviour
    combative
  62. angry and aggressive; feeling or showing readiness to fight
    belligerent
  63. Give two example sentences using 'belligerent'.
    • 1) a belligerent remark
    • 2) He was drunk and belligerent.
    • 3) belligerent countries/nations
  64. to elevate
    to lift (something) up
  65. The doctor told her to elevate her leg.
    raise
  66. exercises that elevate the heart rate
    increase the level of; make the heart rate higher
  67. He was elevated to (the position of) chairman.

    Say the sentence above in a different way.
    He was elevated to the chairmanship.
  68. to raise (someone) to a higher rank or level, as in 'He was _____ to chairman.'
    to elevate
  69. 1) A great book can both elevate and entertain its readers.
    2) A great book can elevate the human spirit.
    improve the mind or mood of
  70. It was an elevating experience.
    uplifting
  71. a person with whom someone is having a romantic or sexual relationship and especially a secret or improper relationship
    a paramour
  72. Which of the following is correct?
    A) 'paramour
    B) para'mour
    C) pa'ramour
    (A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. a one-word synonym for 'paramour'
    lover
  74. to cause (someone who is angry or upset) to become calm or quiet, as in the examples below:
    1) ~ a crying child
    2) She resigned from her position to ~ her accusers.
    to pacify
  75. to cause or force (a country, a violent group of people, etc.) to become peaceful, as in the examples below:
    1) Their efforts to ~ the nation by force failed.
    2) trying to ~ a mob of protesters
    to pacify
  76. to make (someone) pleased or less angry by giving or saying something desired
    to appease
  77. a one-word synonym for 'pacify' in 'to pacify a crying child'
    soothe
  78. The company has even received the _____ (praise or approval) of its former critics.
    approbation
  79. to decriminalize
    to make (something that is illegal) legal by changing the law
  80. hostage
    a person who is captured by someone who demands that certain things be done before the captured person is freed
  81. to be _____ hostage

    Give two examples of verbs to be used in the expression above.
    held/taken
  82. to cause (someone) to appear guilty of or responsible for something (such as a crime)
    to incriminate
  83. likely to cause damage or have a bad effect; harmful; not friendly

    usually [+ to]
    inimical
  84. opposite of 'to prove'
    to disprove
  85. a syn. for 'to disprove'
    to refute
  86. a very serious quality or condition : the condition of being grave or serious
    gravity
  87. to reduce the pain or trouble of (something); to make (something) less painful, difficult, or severe
    to alleviate
  88. The doctor tried to alleviate her symptoms/suffering.
    relieve
  89. The new tunnel should alleviate traffic on the bridge.
    lessen, reduce
  90. government programs that are intended to alleviate poverty
    reduce
  91. The patient is a gravid woman in her seventh month.
    pregnant
  92. distended with or full of eggs, as in 'a ~ fish'
    gravid
  93. a guide who conducts sightseers
    a cicerone
  94. What's the plural of 'cicerone'?
    ciceroni
  95. one who is a patriarch or leader in a field
    a nestor
  96. Choose the odd word:
    hostel
    shelter
    prison
    dormitory
    prison
  97. Choose the odd word:
    inimical
    unfriendly
    sympathetic
    antagonistic
    harmful
    sympathetic
  98. Choose the odd word:
    hospice
    nursing
    travel
    hospital
    illness
    travel
  99. Choose the odd word:
    amicable
    difficult
    friendly
    pleasant
    peaceful
    difficult
  100. Choose the odd word:
    enamored
    strengthened
    charmed
    fond
    fascinated
    strengthened
  101. Choose the odd word:
    inhospitable
    inimical
    barren
    unfriendly
    inviting
    inviting
  102. Choose the odd word:
    paramour
    lover
    husband
    mistress
    significant other
    husband
  103. Choose the odd word:
    hostage
    exchange
    guarantee
    pledge
    hotel
    hotel
  104. Same or different?
    decriminalize / tolerate
    same
  105. Same or different?
    probity / fraud
    different
  106. Same or different?
    criminology / murder
    different
  107. Same or different?
    incriminate / acquit
    different
  108. Same or different?
    disprove / distinguish
    different
  109. Same or different?
    recrimination / approbation
    different
  110. Same or different?
    reprobate / scoundrel
    same
  111. Same or different?
    approbation / criticism
    different
  112. a person of great courage and discipline
    a spartan
  113. a secret lover
    paramour
  114. to show as false
    to disprove
  115. accusation
    recrimination
  116. integrity
    probity
  117. shelter
    hostel
  118. nursing service
    hospice
  119. peace lover
    pacifist
  120. dignity
    gravitas
  121. revolt
    rebellion
  122. before the war
    antebellum
  123. one who opposes war
    pacifist
  124. opposition to authority
    rebellion
  125. aggressiveness
    belligerence
  126. solemn agreement
    pact
  127. quarrelsome, warlike
    bellicose
  128. to calm by satisfying
    to appease
  129. to make peaceful
    to pacify
  130. Bellona
    the little known Roman goddess of war
  131. Mars
    Bellona's husband; god of war
  132. BELL
    < Latin, "war"
  133. PAC/PEAS
    < Latin, "agree" and "peace"
  134. HOSP/HOST
    < Latin hospes, "host" and "guest"
  135. hospital (etimology)
    a hospital was once a house for religious pilgrims and other travelers, or a home for the aged
  136. what a good host or hostess offers to a guest
    hospitality
  137. AM/IM
    < Latin amare, "to love"
  138. CRIM
    < Latin, "fault", "crime" or "accusation"
  139. PROB/PROV
    < Latin, "prove" or "proof"
  140. a court where the genuiness of the will of deceased people must be proved
    a probate court
  141. GRAV
    < Latin, "heavy", "weighty" or "serious"
  142. a grave matter
    serious and importante
  143. LEV
    < Latin, "light"
  144. the magician's trick in which a body seems to rise into the air by itself
    levitation
  145. a bar used to lift sthg. by means of leverage
    lever
  146. very bare and simple; lacking the things that make life comfortable or more pleasant
    spartan
  147. They lived in _____ conditions.

    very bare and simple; lacking the things that make life comfortable or more pleasant
    spartan
  148. marked by a luxurious or sensual way of life
    sybaritic
  149. Eventually their _____ excesses consumed all their savings and forced them to lead a more restrained life.

    luxurious
    sybaritic

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