Card Set Information
Music Appreciation Roger Kamien McGrew Hill
Vocab from part 1 of Music Appreciation Roger Kamien McGrew Hill
Begins with the vibration of an object.
Pitch is the relative highness or lowness that we hear in a sound.
A sound that has a definite pitch.
The “distance” between any two tones.
A special type of interval where the frequency of a tone is half or double another.
The sounds will sound alike because of this.
Pitch Range or Range
The distance between the lowest and highest tones that a voice or instrument can produce.
: very soft
: moderately soft
: moderately loud
: very loud
What is the term and meaning of the following symbol?
: decrescendo or diminuendo
: gradually softer
What is the term and meaning of the highlited symbol?
: gradually louder
Music created at the same time as it is performed.
Name the three vocal ranges for women from highest to lowest.
Alto (or contralto)
Name the three vocal ranges for men from highest to lowest.
Name the main six categories of western instruments.
Name a string instrument.
Name a woodwind instrument.
Name a brass instrument.
Name a percussion instrument.
Name a keyboard instrument.
Name an electronic instrument.
Who leads orchestras and bands?
What does a conductor do for a performance?
They coordinate the performers and shapes the interpretation of a musical composition.
What is the name of the thin stick a conductor wields?
What does the conductor use the baton for?
The baton is used to beat time and indicate pulse and tempo.
Who is the concertmaster and what do they do?
The principal first violinist.
They play solo violin passages and coordinate the bowing of string instruments.
What is pizzicato?
Pizzicato is a string technique where the musician plucks the string.
How is the string technique of a double stop performed?
By drawing the bow across two strings.
There is also a triple stop and quadruple stop, where the strings are played almost – but not quite – together.
A string technique which produces a throbbing, expressive tone.
A device used to veil or muffle the tone of an instrument.
For strings, it’s a clamp that fits onto the bridge.
For brass instruments, it’s a funnel-shaped piece of wood, metal, or plastic that fits into the bell
Rapid repetition of a tone, produced in string instruments by quick up-and-down strokes of the bow.
Very high-pitched whistle like tones, produced in bowed string instruments by lightly touching the string at certain points while bowing.
Studio with tape recorders and other equipment used to create electronic music by modifying and combining recorded sounds
System of electronic components that can generate, modify, and control sound; used to compose music and perform it
Beat is a regular recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time.
Ordered flow of music through time; the pattern of durations of notes and silences in music
The organization of beats into regular groups.
A group containing a fixed number of beats.
2 beats to the measure
The first, or stressed beat.
3 beats to the measure.
4 beats to the measure
An unaccented pulse preceding the downbeat.
6 beats to a measure
5 beats to a measure
7 beats to a measure
Emphasis of a note, which may result from it’s being louder, longer, or higher in pitch than the notes near it.
When an accented note comes when we normally would not expect one.
The speed of the beat
What is the higlighted part of this image called?
Name 5 tempo indications
What is the indication for a gradual quickening of tempo?
What is the indication for a gradual slowing down of tempo?
An apparatus that produces ticking sounds at a desired musical speed.
A system of writing music so that specific pitches and rhythms can be communicated.
A set of five horizontal lines.
What are the highlighted parts of the following image called?
Placed at the beginning of each line and space.
A combination of treble and bass staves.
What is used to show how long a note should last?
A stem or flag on the note.
What is a beam?
Several flags joined together
What is used to increase a note’s duration by half?
What is used to increase the duration of a note by the duration of the following note?
How is a duration of silence notated?
With a rest.
What is a time signature used for?
A time signature shows the meter of a piece.
Shows the music for each instrumental or vocal category in a performance.
A series of tones that add up to a recognizable whole; usually the most memorable part of a song.
When a melody moves by small intervals, what are these intervals called?
When a melody moves by large intervals, what are these intervals called?
Highest tone or emotional focal point in a melody or a larger musical composition.
Notes of a melody played in a smooth, connected style are an example of what?
Notes of a melody played in a short, detached manner are an example of what?
Many melodies are made up of shorter parts called what?
What is a cadence?
A cadence is a resting place at the end of a phrase – a point of arrival.
What is an incomplete cadence?
A cadence which sets up expectations.
What is a complete cadence?
A cadence with a sense of finality.
Melody that serves as the starting point for an extended piece of music.
Refers to the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other.
What is a chord?
A chord is a combination of three or more tones sounded at once.
A specific series of chords.
A stable tone combination, a point of arrival, rest, and resolution
A tone combination that is unstable.
It’s tension demands an onward motion to a stable chord.
A dissonance has it’s resolution when it moves to a consonance.
What is produced when a dissonance moves to a consonance?
What is the most basic chord?
What is a triad based on the fifth note of a scale called?
The Dominant Chord.
What is it called when the individual notes of a chord are sounded one after another?
A broken chord or arpeggio.
Keynote (aka Tonic)
Central tone of a melody or larger piece of music. When a piece is in the key of C major, for example, C is the keynote.
Key or Tonality
Central note, scale and chord within a piece, in relationship to which all other tones in the composition are heard.
Series of pitches arranged in order from low to high or high to low.
A specific pattern of whole and half steps.
Smallest interval traditionally used in western music for example, the interval between ti and do.
Interval twice as large as the half step.
A specific pattern of whole and half steps.
Music based on a major scale
Music based on a minor scale
What is the highlighted part of this image called?
What is the highlited part of this image called?
Scale including all twelve tones of the octave; each tone is a half step away from the next one.
Shift from one key to another within the same piece
Tonic or Home Key
Central key of a piece of music, usually both beginning and ending the piece, regardless of how many other keys are included.
Number of layers of sound that are heard at once, what kind of layers they are, and how they are related to each other.
Name three musical textures.
Single melodic line without accompaniment
Performance of a single melodic line by more than one instrument or voice at the same pitch or in different octaves.
Performance of two or more melodic lines of relatively equal interest at the same time
Technique of combining two or more melodic lines into a meaningful whole.
Presentation of a melodic idea by one voice or instrument that is immediately followed by it’s restatement by another voice or instrument, as in a round.
Music in which one main melody is accompanied by chords.
Organization of musical ideas in time
Reiteration of a motive, phrase, or section, often used to create a sense of unity.
Changing some features of a musical idea while retaining others.
Striking differences of pitch, dynamics, rhythm, and tempo that provide variety and change of mood.
Three-Part Form (A B A)
Form that can be represented as statement (A) contrast (B) and return to statement (A)
Binary Form or Two-Part Form (A B)
Form that can be represented as statement (A) and counterstatement (B)