History Quarterly 2 2012
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What does join or die mean
Join or die symbolizes the colonies and that they must join together or not survive.
What are the events leading to the Revolution
- 1. French and Indian War
- 2. Proclomation of 1763
- 3. Stamp Act
- 4. Tea Act
- 5. Boston tea Party
- 6. Boston Massacre
- 7. Intolerable Acts
- 8. Lexington and Concord
Quartering Act, Trials could only be held in England, Massachusetts Government appointed by Great Britain, Closed the port of Boston until the colonists could repay the East India Trading Company
What is the main cause of the American Revolution
Taxation without representation
How did the colonists repond to King George III taxes?
They proteseted, boycotted, they formed the Sons and Daughters of Liberty
What were the Advantages and Disadvantages of being a Patriot during the Revolutionary War
- Advantage: (1)They know the Land; (2) The soldiers were determined to win because this was their home; and (3) They were fighting against injustice.
- Disadvantages: Didn't have (1) Established army; (2) ammunition; or (3) money
What were the Advantages and Disadvantages of being British during the Revolutionary War?
Advantage: Had money, well trained army, ammunition, and confidence
Disadvantage: Didn't know the terrain, very far from home, and difficult to get supplies
What is the Continental Congress?
The Continental Congress is a group of delegates from each colony that acted as government during and after the revolutionary war
What did the Continental Congres Decide?
The Continental Congress made decisions on the structure of government, military strategy, and allocated funds
What were the major battles of the American Revolution
Lexington & concord, Battle of Bunker Hill, Battle of Trenton, Battle at Saratoga, Battle of Yorktown
Define the Treaty of Paris and What were the Terms & Conditions
Treaty of Paris was the agreement between the Americans and the British after the American REvolutionary War Period. It stated that the13 american colonies were not ruled by Britain anymore and it established boundaries and it stated that colonists had to repay loyalists
What is the Declaration of Independence
It was a document declaring the 13 states independent from England
When was the Declaration of Independence Written
June - July 1776
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence
Why was the Declaration of Independence Written
to note wrongdoings of England to the Colonists and to provide reasons for the independence
What was the Articles of Confederation
The AofC were our nation's first plan of government which proved to be ineffective and too weak.
How was the Articles of Confederation government set up?
The AofC government was set up with the States maintaining most of the power and no national government
4 Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
(1) No power to collect taxes or raise money, (2) no power to enforce treaties, (3) No power to enforce laws, (4) no national court system
Why did the Continental Congress meet after the Articles of Confederation were established
They met because they realized the AofC was ineffective and needed modifications
Great Compromise - How is Congress set up?
The Great Compromise was the agreement that combined the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. It establishment the Senate (NJ plan) and House of Representatives (VA plan). The Senate sends 2 representatives and the number of House Represenatives is based upon population.
Compromise of the Continental Congress to count slaves for the census. Each slave was worth 3/5ths of a person. Census determined how many House Representatives each state had.
A principle of the US constitution that establishes the division of power between the federal government and the states.
Bill of Rights
The document that included the first ten amendments
AntiFederalists and their View of the Constitution
A person who did not agree with the Constitituion (opponents). Their view was that it would (a) ruin the country with taxes, (b) the president could rule like a king, (c) the national judicial branch could rule over state and local courts, (d) listed the powers of the government, but not the rights of the people and (e) states would lose power.
Federalist and their View of the Constitution
A person who agreed with and liked the Constitution. Their view was (a) there was an even or balance of power, (b) would create a national government, and (c) fix weaknesses by creating a stronger, more effective union of the states.
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