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Three Estates in French society?
First estate comprised all the clergy.
Second, the nobility.
Third, everyone else.
Estate General 1789
King Louis XVI convene the Estate General 1789 to propose tax on nobility but fail.
"What is the third estate?"
Everything. Abbe Sieyes penned a pamphlet
1st revolt. an ancient castile where gun and ammunition is store.
Second revolt. Afraid of counter revolution popular uprise in the rural. The rural administration of France had collapse.
"October day of 1789"
third popular uprising. because of the economic crisis, Parisian women marched to Versailles demanding for the king to return to Paris.
National Assembly, the Declaration of the Rights of Man August 1789
rights of property, security, and "resistance to oppression.", freedom of speech, religious toleration and liberty of the press.
The National Assembly and the church.
confiscate all church lands.
Civil Constitution of the Clergy, bring the church under the state authority.
The First Republic
- Louis XVI tried to escape France with Marie Antoinette to Austria was captured.
- By August 1792 Austria and Prussia armies had crossed the frontier and threatened to capture Paris
The new leader of the third estate
Fear of prisonners in Paris were plotting to aid the enemy. They were hauled from their cells and killed
the Reign of Terror.
Constitution was suspended indefinitely by wartime emergency. Committee of Public Safety, 12 leaders.
The best known leaders were Jean Paul Marat, Georges Jacques Danton, and Maximilien Robespierre.
It is considered the Second French Revolution.
Replaced the Reign of Terror. Directory was more moderate but still face unpopular. Finally it was overthrew by Napoleon 1799
The Napoleonic Code
Civil code. one uniform law. abolish all special priviledges of all kinds.
Napoleon prohibit european country from trading with England.
Spanish painter, painted the 3rd of May