world history

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peacelove012
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129562
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world history
Updated:
2012-01-21 23:40:14
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midterms world history ninth grade
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everything covered for mp 1&2
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  1. History
    events that happened in the past that can predict the future
  2. Pre-history
    before written history
  3. water
    beginning of life
  4. paleolithic
    beginning of the stone age
  5. mesolithic
    middle of the stone age
  6. neolithic
    ending of the stoneage
  7. australopithecines
    • first fossils ever found of humans
    • ex: lucy
  8. neanderthal
    An extinct species of human (Homo neanderthalensis) that was widely distributed in Ice-Age
  9. agricultural revolution
    The development of crop and animal raising as a food source among human communities to supplement hunting and gathering.
  10. nomads
    A member of a people who have no permanent abode and travel from place to place to find fresh pasture for their livestock
  11. fossil
    The remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved in petrified form or as a mold or cast in rock: "sites rich in fossils".
  12. geologist/geology
    a specialist in geology; the study of the earth
  13. anthropology/anthropologist
    the science of human beings
  14. archaeologist/archaeology
    The systematic study of past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material
  15. cro-magnon
    extinct human of Upper Paleolithic in Europe.
  16. barter system
    currency consisting of traded goods
  17. sumeria
    an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq; site of the Sumerian civilization of city-states that flowered during the third millennium BC
  18. mesopotamia
    • An ancient region of southwestern Asia in present-day Iraq.
  19. fertile crescent
    A crescent-shaped area of fertile land in the Middle East
  20. ziggurat
    A rectangular stepped tower, sometimes surmounted by a temple.
  21. hammurabi
    the sixth king of the first dynasty of Babylonia, reigned 1792–50 bc
  22. hammurabi's code
    a Babylonian legal code of the 18th century b.c. or earlier, instituted by Hammurabi and dealing with criminal and civil matters.
  23. china
    ancient civilization
  24. huang river vally
    A river of northern China rising in the Kunlun Mountains and flowing about 4,827 km (3,000 mi) generally eastward to the Bo Hai. It is named for the vast quantities of yellow silt it carries to its delta. The river is sometimes called "China's Sorrow" because of the devastating floods that once occurred regularly in its lower course.
  25. Indian
    • An American Indian.
  26. indus river valley
    River sources in Himalayas to mouth in Arabian Sea; location of Harappan civilization.
  27. tigris and euphrates
    Tigris-Euphrates river system (river system, Asia), great river system of Southwest Asia,
  28. cuneiform
    Denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugari
  29. king menes
    first king of egypt
  30. polytheism
    The belief in or worship of more than one god.
  31. monotheism
    The doctrine or belief that there is only one God.
  32. pharaoh
    an ancient ruler in egypt
  33. hieroglyphics
    Enigmatic or incomprehensible symbols or writing. written in, constituting, or belonging to a system of writing mainly in pictorial characters
  34. pyramids
    A monumental structure with a square or triangular base and sloping sides that meet in a point at the top,
  35. nile river
    • the world's longest river (4150 miles)
    • great water supply for egypt
  36. theocracy
    A system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.
  37. dynasty
    A line of hereditary rulers of a country.
  38. al-qaeda
    An international terrorist organization that are responsible for 9/11
  39. Bin Laden
    leader of al-qaeda
  40. Jihad
    A war or struggle against unbelievers
  41. terrorism
    The use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims
  42. islamic terrorism
    islamic terrorism is a label for forms of terrorism committed by a minority of the world's Muslims
  43. the plan
    original: 60 hijackers 12
  44. Bush's day
    • morning run
    • reading to kindegarten
    • go to high security place to be protected
  45. 9/11/01
    • attacked by alqaeda
    • both twin towers were knocked down by two airplanes in NYC
  46. PATRIOT ACT
    The Act allows federal officials greater authority in tracking and intercepting communications, both for purposes of law enforcement and foreign intelligence gathering.
  47. phoecians alphabet
    Phoenician uses a system of acrophony to name letters. The names of the letters are essentially the same as in its scripts, which are in turn derived from the word values of the original hieroglyph for each letter.
  48. phoenicians sea trade
    The Phoenicians, appeared on the scene with an established maritime tradition, and the technology to build ships with a keeled hull. This allowed them to sail the open seas, and as a result, the Phoenicians developed a flourishing sea trade.
  49. abraham
    founder of christianity
  50. torah
    a jewish bible
  51. bible
    the book of gods words
  52. Jesus Christians
    a small christian group that practices communal living and distributes Bible-based comics and books.
  53. assyrians
    an ancient kingdom in northern Mesopotamia which is in present-day Iraq.
  54. Crete
    s the largest and most populous of the Greek islands; beginning of greek mythology
  55. King minos
    king of crete; owned the minotaur in the labyrinth
  56. democracy
    type of government that decides on issues by the majority of the votes.
  57. city-state
    an independent city and its surrounding territory.
  58. tyrants
    A cruel and oppressive ruler.
  59. athens
    capital of greece
  60. Sparta
    military source
  61. lycurgas
    was the legendary lawgiver of sparta
  62. pericles
    a prominent and influential statesman, orator, and general of athens during the city's golden age
  63. oligarchy
    A state governed by such a group
  64. aristotle
    Greek philosopher and scientist. A pupil of Plato and tutor to Alexander the Great, he founded a school (the Lyceum)
  65. socrates
    • ancient Athenian philosopher
    • kept asking"why"
    • poisoned/suicide
  66. plato
    Greek philosopher. A disciple of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle, he founded the Academy in Athens
  67. alexander the great
    Alexander: king of Macedon; conqueror of Greece and Egypt and Persia; founder of Alexandria
  68. pyrrhic victory
    a victory that is won by incurring terrible losses.
  69. persian war
    The Greco-Persian Wars (also often called the Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and the city states of the hellenic world
  70. hellenistic age
    The Hellenistic period describes the era which followed the conquests of Alexander the Great
  71. golden age
    An idyllic, often imaginary past time of peace, prosperity, and happiness
  72. republic
    A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president
  73. tribunes
    An official in ancient Rome chosen by the plebeians to protect their interests.
  74. LAW OF 12 TABLES
    early code of Roman law
  75. punic wars
    Three wars between ancient Rome and Carthage that led to the unquestioned dominance of Rome in the western Mediterranean.
  76. Hannibal
    Carthaginian general. In the second Punic War he attacked Italy by crossing the Alps
  77. tiberius and gaius gracchus
    were Roman brothers who tried to reform Rome's social and political structure to help the lower classes
  78. pax romana
    The peace that existed between nationalities within the Roman Empire
  79. greco-roman culture
    It was the ancient Roman culture that was greatly influenced by Greek culture.
  80. emperor
    one ruling an empire
  81. augustus (octavian)
    adopted son of caesar. killed cleopatra and marc antony and was ruler
  82. Julius caesar
    most famous ruler of rome.

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