Range of motion unit 3

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Range of motion unit 3
2012-01-22 00:38:48
Range motion unit

Range of motion unit 3
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  1. range of motion
    is joint movement caused by voluntary effort
  2. adduction
    • toward the midline of
    • the body
  3. abduction
    the movement of a bone away from the midline of the body.
  4. atrophy
    • Wasting away;
    • literally “ without development.”
  5. Circumduction
    • the movement of an extremity around in a circular motion. This motion can be performed with ball-
    • and- socket joints, as in the shoulder and hip. ( Do this: Extend your right arm out beside your body and move your arm around in a circular motion.)
  6. contracture
    • An abnormal ( usually permanent) bending of a joint into a fixed position; usually
    • caused by atrophy and shortening of muscle fibers.
  7. distal
    • farthest to the point
    • of attachment
  8. dorsiflexion
    • the foot narrows the angle between the leg and the top of the foot ( i. e., the foot is bent
    • backward, or upward, at the ankle).
  9. eversion
    turning outward, turning the foot outward
  10. extension
    is a straightening motion. It increases the angle between two bones lateral
  11. flexion
    • is a bending motion.
    • It decreases the angle between two bones.
  12. footdrop
    • v Foot
    • drop is a term used to describe paralysis of the muscles that “pull the foot
    • up.” This interferes with walking and often requires a brace. Foot drop
    • can result from a number of conditions, the most common being an injury to the
    • 5th lumbar nerve root in the spine or an injury to the peroneal
    • nerve near the knee. Sometimes the cause is clear as after an accident or
    • injury. In other cases it can come on without warning or explanation.
  13. hyperextension
    is the extension of a joint beyond straight line
  14. inversion
    turning foot inward
  15. medial
    turning of a bone inwards or towards the middle
  16. opposition
    movement of the thumb to approach or touch the fingertips
  17. passive ROM
    • range of motion is
    • joint movement caused by external assistance
  18. pronation
    • the act of turning
    • the palm down or backward. ( Do this: Place your left hand out, as if to show a
    • ring you are wearing.)
  19. supination
    • the act of turning
    • the palm up or forward. ( Do this: Place your right hand out, as if to receive
    • change from a cashier. This upward turning of your palm is called supination.
  20. plantar flexion
    • of the foot increases
    • the angle between the leg and the top of the foot ( i. e., the foot is bent
    • downward at the ankle, with the toes pointing downward, as in ballet dancing).