You'll ace the exam if you use these ww2 study cards!!!
What are the reasons for appeasement?
1. Fear of Communism
2. Avoiding war
3. Great Depression
4. Sympathy to Treaty if Versailles
What are 3 examples of appeasement?
1931 -Japan attacks Manchira
1935- Mussolini (Italy) attacks Abyssinia
Hitler's rise to power (1933- 39)
What is a convoy?
A techmique used by the allies, cargo and passenger ships are accompanies by battleships.
What is Blitzkreig?
Means "lightning war," a technique used by the germans where they make quick, powerful attacks.
When was the holocaust?
What is Anti-sentimism?
The hatred of Jews.
What is a genocide?
The planned extermination of a specific group of people.
What was the holocaust?
The murder of 6 million Jews.
What is Auschwitz?
An extermination camp during the Holocaust.
When was D-day?
June 6 1944
What does D-day stand for?
Where was D-day?
Normandy beaches, France. Canada's beach was Juno.
What was the significance of D-day?
D-day is significant because it is the point of the war when the Allies won and all the countries that Germany had taken over were freed. It was a very important part of the war and important part of history. Also it was important for Canada because our country contributed to the Allied victory.
When was the Battle of Britain?
The summer of 1941.
What was the Battle of Britain?
An air fight between the RAF and the Luftwaffe.
What were the different alliances and who were in them?
The Allies: Britain, France (was captured in 1940), Canada, USA, Russia (After 1941)
The Axis: Germany, Austia - Hungary (Anchluss), Japan, Russia (until 1941)
What and when was the non-agression pact?
1939, alliance between Russia and Germany, planned to take over Poland. Was broken when Germany invaded russia in 1941.
When was the Treaty of Versailles?
What were the different opinions at the Treaty of Versailles?
Woodrow Wilson (USA) - 14 points: Free the seas, less weapons, people rule themselves, league of Nations
- Doesn't want to be too harsh on Germany
George Clemenceau(France) - Wants to crush Germany
Divid Loyd George (Britain) - Between France and USA
What were the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
Military Controls: Army was 100 000, no weapons
Reparations: Had to pay a lot for damage to Britain and France
War Guilt Clause: Germany had full guilt.
Geographical clause: Germany loses colonies, Alsace and Loraine, demilitarized the Rhineland, Saar region to France for 15 years
What was the significance of the Treaty of Versailles?
The Treaty of Versailles's significance was that it was one of the main reasons for starting ww2. Also Canada got it's own 2 seats at the meeting, which shows our growing independence.
Why was there Japanese internment camps?
Because people were suspicous of Japanese Canadians working with Japan, especially after Pearl Harbour, when Japan bombed the USA.
What do the Japanese internment camps show about our society at that time?
It shows that people were rascist and narrow-minded, they thought that Japanese Canadians were "enemy aliens" just because of their culture.
What happened in the Japanese internment camps?
Japanese Canadians had their property confiscated and they were confined in camps in the interior of BC with poor living conditions.
What did Mackenzie King promise at the begining of WWII?
He promised that there would be no conscription.
What and when was the National Resources mobilization act?
1940, trained soldiers to defend Canada but not go overseas.
What did Mackenzie King do when he was pressured to conscript?
He held a pleblisite and ammended the National Resources Mobilization act so that soldiers would be conscripted only if nessesary.
Who was Winston Churchill?
Prime Minister of Britain in WW2.
What was the Atlantic Wall?
heavy fortresses on the coast of Normandy, France.