Social Sciences Quiz 3 Study

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Social Sciences Quiz 3 Study
2010-04-03 15:52:46
SOSC 2501

Quiz 3
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  1. Democracy means all of the following except_______.
    a. Value of individual dignity
    b. popular participation
    c. majority rule
    d. governmental control
    governmental control
  2. Federal mandates __________.
    a. provide states with national powers
    b. centralize power in Washington
    c. encourage voter participation
    d. are required by the Constitution
    centralize power in Washington
  3. The key structural arrangemants in the U.S. Constitution do not include ______.
    a. equality for all
    b. republicanism
    c. federalism
    d. judical review
    equality for all
  4. Not until ________ did Congress curtail the war power of the president.
    a. Vietnam
    b. Watergate
    c. World War II
    d. the Korean War
  5. The president does all of the following except________.
    a. recommend policies
    b. symbolize the community
    c. Manage crises
    d. nominate person for Senate vacancies
    nominate person for Senate vacancies
  6. _______ is the process of allocating seat in the House of Representatives to each state based on changes in the population since the last census.
    a. Incumbency
    b. Reapportionment
    c. Redistricting
    d. Judical Restraint
  7. Voter turnout during American presidential elections averages approximately ____ percent of the eligible people.
    a. 35
    b. 75
    c. 90
    d. 50
  8. ______ appears to be the most important determinant of voter turnout.
    a. Race
    b. Age
    c. Education
    d. Gender
  9. Which one in not a component of checks and balances _______.
    a. Presidential veto
    b. the U.S. Senate's power to approve or disapprove a treaty
    c. the president's power to propose legislation
    d. the U.S. Supreme Court's power of judical review
    the president's power to propose legislation
  10. A famous supporter of the idea of constitutional government was ____.
    a. Robespierre
    b. John Locke
    c. Hobbes
    d. John Harrison
    John Locke
  11. The only presidential election in American history decided (to date) by the United States Supreme Court was _________.
    a. Adams-Jackson, 1824
    b. Cleveland-Harrison, 1888
    c. Kennedy-Nixon, 1960
    d. Bush-Gore, 2000
    Bush-Gore, 2000
  12. The Constitution gave ____ the power to determine how electral college members are chosen.
    a. the House of Representatives
    b. the voters of each state
    c. the electoral college
    d. state legislature
    state legislature
  13. As a contract document, the U.S. Constitution owes itr principles to ______.
    a. Locke and Jefferson
    b. Rousseau and Machiavelli
    c. Machiavelli and Montesquiei
    d. Paine and Madison
    Locke and Jefferson
  14. Which is not a valid approach to American history?
    a. the great man approach
    b. the unending dialogue approach
    c. the democratic institutions approach
    d. the critical approach
    the unending dialogue approach
  15. Which of the following is not shared by many Americans?
    a. government ownership of most of the land
    b. individualism
    c. capitalism
    d. competition
    government ownership of most of the land
  16. All of the following are examples of how the West affected American history except_______.
    a. new wealth and opportunity
    b. upward social mobility
    c. settling the slavery issue
    d. more open elite system
    settling the slavery issue
  17. The Jacksonian Democracy promoted ___________.
    a. a philosophy of leveling egalitarianism
    b. an aristocracy by birth
    c. the ideal of the self-made individual
    d. power only obtained through special privilege
    the ideal of the self-made individual
  18. It was the ________ who had an interest in the slave and cotton culture.
    a. souther elite
    b. western elite
    c. northern elite
    d. abolitionists
    southern elite
  19. The New Deal brought about a change in social philosophy from _________.
    a. regard for public welfare to emphasis on private or individual gain
    b. individualism to responsibility for welfare of the masses or general public
    c. responsibility for mass welfare to emphasis on rugged individualism
    d. corporatism to facism
    individualism to responsibility for welfare of the masses or general public
  20. The New Deal _______.
    a. reformed capitalism
    b. eliminated capitalism
    c. left capitalism unchanged
    d. was not concerned with capitalism
    reformed capitalism
  21. A major role in reducing support for the Vietnam War was played by _________.
    a. Ivy League Universities
    b. the movie industry
    c. Fidel Castro
    d. Television
  22. __________ was a great military victory
  23. Which historian suggested that economic motives played a major part in lead the Founders Fathers to create the U.S. Constitution?
    a. Frederick Jackson Turner
    b. Henry Steele Commanger
    c. Charles Beard
    d. Arthur Schlesinger Jr.
    Charles Beard
  24. The Tet offensive marked the beginning of the end of the presidency of _________.
    a. Nixon
    b. Ford
    c. Lyndon Johnson
    d. Kennedy
    Lyndon Johnson
  25. Which social assistance program did not start under Lyndon Johnson?
    a. Social Security
    b. Medicaid
    c. food stamps
    d. Medicare
    Social Security
  26. Which consisted of merchants and manufacturers who depended on wage labor?
    a. southern elite
    b. northern elite
    c. western pioneers
    d. only the captains of business
    northern elite
  27. ____________ resulted in a separate-but-equal doctrine.
    a. Plessy v. Ferguson
    b. Brown v. Board of Education
    c. Marbury v. Madison
    d. Baker v. Carr
    Plessy v. Ferguson
  28. The Supreme Court formally reversed itself and declared segregation unconstitutional in the case of _________.
    a. University of California v. Bakke
    b. Brown v. Board of Education
    c. Plessy v. Ferguson
    d. Baker v. Carr
    Brown v. Board of Education
  29. The initial civil rights goal was to _______.
    a. eliminate popular segregation
    b. improve police protection
    c. get just compensation
    d. eliminate legal segregation
    eliminate legal segregation
  30. it was the responsibility of _______ to prohibit discrimination practice by some hotel, bar, and restaurant.
    a. the president
    b. NAACP
    c. the Supreme Court
    d. the Congress
    the Supreme Court
  31. The impact of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 resulted in ____________.
    a. fewer blacks elected to Soutern state legislatures
    b. a reduction in private club discrimination
    c. the prohibition of discrimination in employment
    d. increased black voters registration in the South
    increased black voters registration in the South
  32. The Civil Rights Act of 1965 prohibited discrimination in all of the following except?
    a. voting booths
    b. public accommodations
    c. employment
    d. programs receiving federal funds
    voting booths
  33. _________ was the nation's leading supporter of nonviolent protest.
    a. Malcolm X
    b. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
    c. President Kennedy
    d. Justice Marshall
    Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
  34. Legal immigrants to the United States are most often from which country?
    a. China
    b. Cuba
    c. Mexico
    d. India
  35. Due process of law, found in the 5th and 14th Amendments, is guaranteed to ________.
    a. every person in the United States
    b. Refugees
    c. legal citizens only
    d. illegal immigrants only
    every person in the United States
  36. This legislation gave Native Americans land and recognition as nations.
    a. Intercourse Act of 1790
    b. Indian Territory Act of 1790
    c. Indian Reorganization Act of 1825
    d. Dawes Act of 1887
    Intercourse Act of 1970
  37. The _______ was the name Native Americans gave to their march to Oklahoma.
    a. Indian Territory
    b. Trail of Hope
    c. Trail of Tears
    d. Indian Trail
    Trail of Tears
  38. Women in which age group have had the highest percentage of abortions?
    a. 15-19
    b. 20-24
    c. 25- 29
    d. 35-39
  39. Which of the following is not established by the Supreme Court as an indicator of sexual harassment?
    a. state of mind of the employer
    b. unreasonable interference with the work
    c. frequency
    d. severity of incidents
    state of mind of the employer
  40. The civil rights organization was the most visible group in the assault on discrimination and segregation.
    a. CORE
    b. National Urban League
    c. NAACP
    d. SLC
  41. All of the following are key advocacy issues for gay and lesbian rights activists except?
    a. employment rights
    b. housing rights
    c. domestic partner benefits
    d. adoption rights
    adoption rights
  42. ____________ is the perception that one is separated from society.
    a. Being alone
    b. Schism
    c. Alienation
    d. Separation anxiety
  43. Which of the following is not characteristic of the poor?
    a. fierce patriotism
    b. self-doubt
    c. feeling inferior
    d. self-hatred
    fierce patriotism
  44. According to the Cenus Bureau, in 2002 there were about _____ people below the offical poverty level in the United States.
    a. 250,000
    b. 35 million
    c. 2 million
    d. 75 million
    35 million
  45. Poverty is said to be most common in ______ families.
    a. Female-headed
    b. Hispanic
    c. African American
    d. White
  46. Those who reject the social psychological view of poverty believe poverty is _______.
    a. based only on immigration
    b. a result of economic deprivation
    c. a result of bad parenting
    d. a result of welfare programs
    a result of economic deprivation
  47. All public assistance programs _________.
    a. include Social Security and unemployment compensation
    b. were designated to prevent poverty
    c. are available to all who qualify, regardless of their wealth
    d. are financed out of tax revenues
    are financed out of the tax revenues
  48. One of the most obvious events associated with "falling below the poverty line" is
    a. changes in technology in industry
    b. death of an employed head of household
    c. divorce
    d. returning to college
  49. With _______ the population of mental hospitals declined sharply between 1960 and 1990.
    a. welfare reform
    b. deinstitutionalization
    c. the onset of new reform programs
    d. rising national prosperity
  50. Which president signed the most wide-sweeping welfare reform act in American history?
    a. Franklin D. Roosevelt
    b. Harry S. Truman
    c. Dwight D. Eisenhower
    d. Bill Clinton
    Bill Clinton