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Democracy means all of the following except_______.
a. Value of individual dignity
b. popular participation
c. majority rule
d. governmental control
Federal mandates __________.
a. provide states with national powers
b. centralize power in Washington
c. encourage voter participation
d. are required by the Constitution
centralize power in Washington
The key structural arrangemants in the U.S. Constitution do not include ______.
a. equality for all
d. judical review
equality for all
Not until ________ did Congress curtail the war power of the president.
c. World War II
d. the Korean War
The president does all of the following except________.
a. recommend policies
b. symbolize the community
c. Manage crises
d. nominate person for Senate vacancies
nominate person for Senate vacancies
_______ is the process of allocating seat in the House of Representatives to each state based on changes in the population since the last census.
d. Judical Restraint
Voter turnout during American presidential elections averages approximately ____ percent of the eligible people.
______ appears to be the most important determinant of voter turnout.
Which one in not a component of checks and balances _______.
a. Presidential veto
b. the U.S. Senate's power to approve or disapprove a treaty
c. the president's power to propose legislation
d. the U.S. Supreme Court's power of judical review
the president's power to propose legislation
A famous supporter of the idea of constitutional government was ____.
b. John Locke
d. John Harrison
The only presidential election in American history decided (to date) by the United States Supreme Court was _________.
a. Adams-Jackson, 1824
b. Cleveland-Harrison, 1888
c. Kennedy-Nixon, 1960
d. Bush-Gore, 2000
The Constitution gave ____ the power to determine how electral college members are chosen.
a. the House of Representatives
b. the voters of each state
c. the electoral college
d. state legislature
As a contract document, the U.S. Constitution owes itr principles to ______.
a. Locke and Jefferson
b. Rousseau and Machiavelli
c. Machiavelli and Montesquiei
d. Paine and Madison
Locke and Jefferson
Which is not a valid approach to American history?
a. the great man approach
b. the unending dialogue approach
c. the democratic institutions approach
d. the critical approach
the unending dialogue approach
Which of the following is not shared by many Americans?
a. government ownership of most of the land
government ownership of most of the land
All of the following are examples of how the West affected American history except_______.
a. new wealth and opportunity
b. upward social mobility
c. settling the slavery issue
d. more open elite system
settling the slavery issue
The Jacksonian Democracy promoted ___________.
a. a philosophy of leveling egalitarianism
b. an aristocracy by birth
c. the ideal of the self-made individual
d. power only obtained through special privilege
the ideal of the self-made individual
It was the ________ who had an interest in the slave and cotton culture.
a. souther elite
b. western elite
c. northern elite
The New Deal brought about a change in social philosophy from _________.
a. regard for public welfare to emphasis on private or individual gain
b. individualism to responsibility for welfare of the masses or general public
c. responsibility for mass welfare to emphasis on rugged individualism
d. corporatism to facism
individualism to responsibility for welfare of the masses or general public
The New Deal _______.
a. reformed capitalism
b. eliminated capitalism
c. left capitalism unchanged
d. was not concerned with capitalism
A major role in reducing support for the Vietnam War was played by _________.
a. Ivy League Universities
b. the movie industry
c. Fidel Castro
__________ was a great military victory
Which historian suggested that economic motives played a major part in lead the Founders Fathers to create the U.S. Constitution?
a. Frederick Jackson Turner
b. Henry Steele Commanger
c. Charles Beard
d. Arthur Schlesinger Jr.
The Tet offensive marked the beginning of the end of the presidency of _________.
c. Lyndon Johnson
Which social assistance program did not start under Lyndon Johnson?
a. Social Security
c. food stamps
Which consisted of merchants and manufacturers who depended on wage labor?
a. southern elite
b. northern elite
c. western pioneers
d. only the captains of business
____________ resulted in a separate-but-equal doctrine.
a. Plessy v. Ferguson
b. Brown v. Board of Education
c. Marbury v. Madison
d. Baker v. Carr
Plessy v. Ferguson
The Supreme Court formally reversed itself and declared segregation unconstitutional in the case of _________.
a. University of California v. Bakke
b. Brown v. Board of Education
c. Plessy v. Ferguson
d. Baker v. Carr
Brown v. Board of Education
The initial civil rights goal was to _______.
a. eliminate popular segregation
b. improve police protection
c. get just compensation
d. eliminate legal segregation
eliminate legal segregation
it was the responsibility of _______ to prohibit discrimination practice by some hotel, bar, and restaurant.
a. the president
c. the Supreme Court
d. the Congress
the Supreme Court
The impact of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 resulted in ____________.
a. fewer blacks elected to Soutern state legislatures
b. a reduction in private club discrimination
c. the prohibition of discrimination in employment
d. increased black voters registration in the South
increased black voters registration in the South
The Civil Rights Act of 1965 prohibited discrimination in all of the following except?
a. voting booths
b. public accommodations
d. programs receiving federal funds
_________ was the nation's leading supporter of nonviolent protest.
a. Malcolm X
b. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
c. President Kennedy
d. Justice Marshall
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Legal immigrants to the United States are most often from which country?
Due process of law, found in the 5th and 14th Amendments, is guaranteed to ________.
a. every person in the United States
c. legal citizens only
d. illegal immigrants only
every person in the United States
This legislation gave Native Americans land and recognition as nations.
a. Intercourse Act of 1790
b. Indian Territory Act of 1790
c. Indian Reorganization Act of 1825
d. Dawes Act of 1887
Intercourse Act of 1970
The _______ was the name Native Americans gave to their march to Oklahoma.
a. Indian Territory
b. Trail of Hope
c. Trail of Tears
d. Indian Trail
Trail of Tears
Women in which age group have had the highest percentage of abortions?
c. 25- 29
Which of the following is not established by the Supreme Court as an indicator of sexual harassment?
a. state of mind of the employer
b. unreasonable interference with the work
d. severity of incidents
state of mind of the employer
The civil rights organization was the most visible group in the assault on discrimination and segregation.
b. National Urban League
All of the following are key advocacy issues for gay and lesbian rights activists except?
a. employment rights
b. housing rights
c. domestic partner benefits
d. adoption rights
____________ is the perception that one is separated from society.
a. Being alone
d. Separation anxiety
Which of the following is not characteristic of the poor?
a. fierce patriotism
c. feeling inferior
According to the Cenus Bureau, in 2002 there were about _____ people below the offical poverty level in the United States.
b. 35 million
c. 2 million
d. 75 million
Poverty is said to be most common in ______ families.
c. African American
Those who reject the social psychological view of poverty believe poverty is _______.
a. based only on immigration
b. a result of economic deprivation
c. a result of bad parenting
d. a result of welfare programs
a result of economic deprivation
All public assistance programs _________.
a. include Social Security and unemployment compensation
b. were designated to prevent poverty
c. are available to all who qualify, regardless of their wealth
d. are financed out of tax revenues
are financed out of the tax revenues
One of the most obvious events associated with "falling below the poverty line" is
a. changes in technology in industry
b. death of an employed head of household
d. returning to college
With _______ the population of mental hospitals declined sharply between 1960 and 1990.
a. welfare reform
c. the onset of new reform programs
d. rising national prosperity
Which president signed the most wide-sweeping welfare reform act in American history?
a. Franklin D. Roosevelt
b. Harry S. Truman
c. Dwight D. Eisenhower
d. Bill Clinton