Human Anatomy: Ch1 Intro

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Human Anatomy: Ch1 Intro
2012-01-22 19:50:01
human anatomy introduction intro bio 307

BIO 307 Human Anatomy, introduction and foundations
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  1. What is gross anatomy?
    Considers relatively large structures and features visible to the unaided eye.
  2. What is microscopic anatomy?
    Considers structures that cannot be seen without magnification.
  3. What are the abdominal quadrants?
  4. What are the directional references?
  5. What are the regions of the human body?
    • (Know cephalon, cervicis, thoracis, brachium, antebrachium, carpus, manus, abdomen, pelvis, pubis, inguen, lumbus, gluteus, femur, patella, crus, sura, tarsus, pes, planta)
    • Refer to Table 1.1 and Figure 1.8
  6. What are the planes of section?
  7. What is this system?
    Integumentary system
  8. What is this system?
    Skeletal system
  9. What is this system?
    Muscular system
  10. What is this system?
    Nervous system
  11. What is this system?
    Endocrine system
  12. What is this system?
    Cardiovascular system
  13. What is this system?
    Lymphoid system
  14. What is this system?
    Respiratory system
  15. What is this system?
    Digestive system
  16. What is this system?
    Urinary system
  17. What is this system?
    Reproductive system
  18. What are the body cavities?
    • (Pleural cavity, pericardial cavity, abdominal cavity, pelvic cavity)
  19. What are the cavity layer names with respect to the organs it surrounds?
    • (Visceral vs. parietal)
  20. What is a pericardium?
    It is the serous membrane covering the heart.
  21. What is the mediastinum?
    Separates the left and right pleural cavities. It contains the esophagus, major vessels and certain nerves.
  22. What is a pleura?
    It is the serous membrane lining the pleural cavity.
  23. What is the peritoneum?
    It is a serous membrane that lines the peritoneal cavity. It supports the digestive system.
  24. What is the peritoneal cavity?
    Space created by the parietal peritoneum lining the wall of the abdominopelvic cavity.
  25. What is the mesentery?
    • Supports the intestines.
    • Made by double sheets of peritoneum.
  26. What is the greater omentum?
    • Protective, fatty serous membrane attached to stomach and transverse colon of larger intestine.
    • Flaps over the front like an apron.
  27. What can x-rays look at?
    Bone structures
  28. What does MRI stand for and what can it look at?
    • It stands for Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
    • Can look at soft tissues better than x-rays.
  29. What does PET stand for and what can it look at?
    • It stands for positron emission topography.
    • It can look at direct functional imaging (it lights up where there is most glucose being taken up by injecting patient with tagged glucose (where there is most activity).