U.S. History

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studybuddy17
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129759
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U.S. History
Updated:
2012-01-22 16:39:43
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History
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Description:
History chapters 2-8
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  1. The Bill of Rights forbids_____
    • Unwarranted searches
    • Double jeopardy
    • Cruel and unusual punishment
  2. Since the Constitution was ratified it has been amended_____
    Fewer than thirty times.
  3. Before an amendment is sent to the states it must be approved by_____
    2/3rds of both houses of Congress.
  4. The Bill of Rights bars_____
    • Excessive bail
    • Self-incrimination
    • Unreasonable searches
  5. If a newspaper was prevented by the government from publishing an article that criticized the government, it could charge its rights were being violated under the______
    1st Amendment
  6. The Bill of Rights includes____
    The right to jury trials in criminal cases.
  7. For an amendment to be added to the Constitution______of the states must approve it.
    3/4ths
  8. In the case of Giden v Wainwrigt, the Supreme court decided that______
    All those accused of crimes were entitled to a lawyer if they could not afford one themselves.
  9. A court can interpret a law or rule on its constitutionally_____
    Only when there is a specific case, involving that law, before it.
  10. Sumpreme court decisions require a_______
    Simple majority vote.
  11. American citizens have the right to______
    • Vote
    • Attend church
    • A fair trial
  12. Freedom of the press ensures that_____
    People may criticize the government in newspapers and television.
  13. People who "take the fifth" are_____
    Using their constitutional right to remain silent.
  14. The rights of the accused do not include_____
    The right to a secret trail
  15. In the case Tinker v Iowa the Supreme Court ruled that____
    Armbands are a form of speec protected by the 1st Amendment.
  16. The Supreme Court_____
    Has the final say over whether a law is constitutional.
  17. The correct order in whic the vote was extended to the following groups of society is________
    Blacks, women, then 18 year olds.
  18. How many terms does the president serve?
    Two
  19. When do presidents begin their term?
    On January 20th.
  20. Name three duties of American citizen.
    • Obeying the laws
    • Paying taxes
    • Defending the nation
  21. Miranda v Arizona
    Supreme Court decision that ruled that arresting officers must inform a suspect of his/her rights at the time of the arrest.
  22. The right to vote.
    Suffrage
  23. The first 10 amendments to the Constitution.
    Bill of Rights
  24. The right of the Federal government to take private land for public use.
    Eminent Domain
  25. The guarantee that the government treat accused persons according to established rules.
    Due Process
  26. Legal guarantee incorporated into the 5th amendment that protects an individual from being put on trail twilce for the same offense.
    Double Jeopardy
  27. Supreme Court decision that upheld a woman's right to an abortion during the first three months of her pregnancy.
    Roe v Wade
  28. True or False

    One of the major role of political parties is to serve as a watchdog over the activities of the other party.
    True
  29. Important staple crop in the lower south colonies.
    Rice
  30. Important staple crop in the Chesapeake colonies.
    Tobacco
  31. Name of a trade route in which New England merchants sold rum to African chieftrains in exchange for black slaves, and then traded the slaves in the Caribbean for molasses.
    Triangular
  32. The wealthiest and most influential people in the New England colonies.
    Merchants
  33. Laws passed in the colonies designed to restrict the lives and activities of slaves.
    Slave codes
  34. Place where the most far-spread instance of witchcraft hysteria took place in the American colonies.
    Salem
  35. Name given to the journey of black slaves across the Atlanic Ocean
    Middle Passage
  36. The type of farming that prevailed in New England in the colonial period.
    Self-sufficient
  37. Name for the French Protestants who fled that country after Luis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes; many came to the American colonies.
    Huguenots
  38. Led an uprising of backcountry farmers in Virginia in 1675-1676.
    Nathaniel Bacon
  39. Immigrants who flocked to the Americans colonies at the end of the 18th century and were erroneously nicknamed Pennsylvania Dutch.
    Germans
  40. Wealthiest and most influential people of the Southern colonies.
    Planters
  41. Ethnically and economically, the most diverse colonies in America.
    Middle Colonies

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