Socio Exam 1

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Risette
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129775
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Socio Exam 1
Updated:
2012-01-22 18:58:00
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Sociology exam
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sociology
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  1. the systematic study of human society
    sociology
  2. the special point of view of sociology that sees general patterns of society in the lives of particular people
    sociological perspective
  3. the study of the larger world and our society's place in it
    global perspective
  4. the nations with the highest overall standards of living
    high-income countries
  5. nations with a standard of living about average for the world as a whole
    middle-income countries
  6. nations with a low standard of living in which most people are poor
    low-income countries
  7. Comte's Three Stages of society
    Theological, metaphysical, scientific
  8. a scientific approach to knowledge based on positive facts as opposed to mere speculation
    positivism
  9. earliest stage of social development in which people took a religious view that society expressed God's will
    theological stage
  10. stage of history in which people saw society as a natural rather than a supernatural system
    metaphysical stage
  11. stage of history in which the scientific approach was first applied to sociology
    scientific stage
  12. the intersection of biography and history
    sociological imagination
  13. the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form a people's way of life
    culture
  14. the ides created by members of a society
    nonmaterial culture
  15. the physical things created by members of a society
    material culture
  16. personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life
    culture shock
  17. anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture
    symbol
  18. a system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another
    language
  19. the process by which one generation passes culture to the next
    cultural transmission
  20. the idea that people see and understand the world through the cultural lens of language
    Sapir-Whorf thesis
  21. culturally defined standards that people use to decide what is desirable, good, and beautiful and that serve as broad guidelines for social living
    values
  22. specific ideas that people hold to be true
    beliefs
  23. attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavior
    social control
  24. rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members
    norms
  25. norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance
    mores
  26. norms for routine or casual interaction
    folkways
  27. knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings
    technology
  28. cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite
    high culture
  29. cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population
    popular culture
  30. cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society's population
    subculture
  31. cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society
    counterculture
  32. a perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting equal standing for all cultural traditions
    multiculturalism
  33. the dominance of European (especially English) cultural patterns
    Eurocentrism
  34. emphasizing and promoting African cultural patterns
    Afrocentrism
  35. the closer relationships among various elements of a cultural system
    cultural integration
  36. the fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, disrupting a cultural system
    cultural lag
  37. the practice of judging another culture by the standards of one's own culture
    ethnocentrism
  38. the practice of judging a culture by its own standards
    cultural relativism

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