Pediatrics Unit 2

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Author:
d14racer24
ID:
129888
Filename:
Pediatrics Unit 2
Updated:
2012-01-23 00:00:33
Tags:
Nursing Pediatrics cardiovascular system infant growth development
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Description:
Review for Unit 2 Nursing Pediatrics
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  1. Birth to 4 weeks term
    Neonate
  2. 4 weeks to 1 year term
    Infant
  3. 1 to 3 years of age term
    Toddler
  4. 3 to 6 years of age term
    Preschooler
  5. 6 to 12 years of age term
    School age
  6. 12 to 18 years of age term
    Adolescent
  7. Weight
    - ____ by 6 mo. of age
    - ____ by 12 mo. of age
    • Doubles
    • Triples
  8. Height
    - Birth length increases by ____ at 12 mo.
    50%
  9. Brain inceases in weight ____ times in the first yer of life.
    2.5
  10. Head grows by ____ for the first year of life.
    1 cm/month
  11. ____ _____ closes at 2-3 mo (size tip of pinky)
    Posterior fontanel
  12. ____ ____ closes at 12-18 mo.
    Anterior fontanel
  13. Check anterior and posterior fontanels until ____ years of age.
    2
  14. Reflexes present at birth: elicited by loud noise or sudden movement, disappears around 4 moths.
    Moro AKA startle
  15. If the Moro/Startle reflex does not disappear, there may be other issues such as c____ p____ or s____.
    • Cerebral Pasly
    • Seizures
    • Both characterized by rigid movement.
  16. Reflex present at birth: Neonate holds finger of another person
    Grasp reflex
  17. Reflex present at birth: Present when touch corner or neonate's mouth and followed by neonate opening mouth and turning head toward side of stimulation.
    Rooting/Sucking
  18. Reflex present at birth: fanning of th toes when the sole of the foot is stroked upward.
    Babinski Reflex
  19. Reflexes present at birth: protective reflexes
    - G____
    - C____
    - B____
    • Gag
    • Cough
    • Blink
  20. Cardiovascular system consists of the h____, the b____, and the b____ v____.
    • Heart
    • Blood
    • Blood Vessels
  21. Is the 1st system to develop in utero between the 2nd and 9th week.
    Cardiovascular system
  22. When cardiovascular development is incomplete, h____ d____ happen.
    Heart Defects
  23. C____ H____ D____ occur in 4-10 per 1000 births.
    Congenital Heart Disorders
  24. Two categories of congenital heart disorders.
    - A____
    - C____
    • Acyanotic
    • Cyanotic
  25. Types of Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disorders.
    - V____ S____ D____
    - A____ S____ D____
    - P____ D____ A____
    - C____ of the A____
    - A____ S____
    • Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
    • Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
    • Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)
    • Coarctation of the Aorta
    • Aortic Stenosis (AS)
  26. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is characterized by:
    - H___ b/w the V____
    - L____ to R____ shunt
    - Increases in P____ P____
    - Loud, harsh M____ with S____ T____
    - M____ C____ cardiac anomaly
    • HOLE b/w the VENTRICLES
    • LEFT to RIGHT shunt
    • Increases in PULMONARY PRESSURE
    • Loud, harsh MURMUR with SYSTOLIC THRILLS
    • MOST COMMON cardiac anomaly

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