Pediatrics Unit 2
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Birth to 4 weeks term
4 weeks to 1 year term
1 to 3 years of age term
3 to 6 years of age term
6 to 12 years of age term
12 to 18 years of age term
- ____ by 6 mo. of age
- ____ by 12 mo. of age
- Birth length increases by ____ at 12 mo.
Brain inceases in weight ____ times in the first yer of life.
Head grows by ____ for the first year of life.
____ _____ closes at 2-3 mo (size tip of pinky)
____ ____ closes at 12-18 mo.
Check anterior and posterior fontanels until ____ years of age.
Reflexes present at birth: elicited by loud noise or sudden movement, disappears around 4 moths.
Moro AKA startle
If the Moro/Startle reflex does not disappear, there may be other issues such as c____ p____ or s____.
- Cerebral Pasly
- Both characterized by rigid movement.
Reflex present at birth: Neonate holds finger of another person
Reflex present at birth: Present when touch corner or neonate's mouth and followed by neonate opening mouth and turning head toward side of stimulation.
Reflex present at birth: fanning of th toes when the sole of the foot is stroked upward.
Reflexes present at birth: protective reflexes
Cardiovascular system consists of the h____, the b____, and the b____ v____.
Is the 1st system to develop in utero between the 2nd and 9th week.
When cardiovascular development is incomplete, h____ d____ happen.
C____ H____ D____ occur in 4-10 per 1000 births.
Congenital Heart Disorders
Two categories of congenital heart disorders.
Types of Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disorders.
- V____ S____ D____
- A____ S____ D____
- P____ D____ A____
- C____ of the A____
- A____ S____
- Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
- Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
- Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)
- Coarctation of the Aorta
- Aortic Stenosis (AS)
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is characterized by:
- H___ b/w the V____
- L____ to R____ shunt
- Increases in P____ P____
- Loud, harsh M____ with S____ T____
- M____ C____ cardiac anomaly
- HOLE b/w the VENTRICLES
- LEFT to RIGHT shunt
- Increases in PULMONARY PRESSURE
- Loud, harsh MURMUR with SYSTOLIC THRILLS
- MOST COMMON cardiac anomaly
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