Course 3, Lesson 31 - Gastrointestinal System Terminology

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Course 3, Lesson 31 - Gastrointestinal System Terminology
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2012-01-23 02:40:50
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  1. /chalasia
    condition of relaxation
  2. /chezia
    in the stool
  3. erucatation
    belching
  4. /glutition
    swallowing
  5. /iasis
    condition of having (in the body)
  6. /lapse
    fall
  7. /stalisis
    /staltic
    contraction
  8. air-filled
  9. alcohol/o
    alcohol
  10. aliment/o
    • digestive
    • nutritional
  11. alopecia
  12. ampull/o
    outlet shaped like a mouth
  13. amyl/o
    • starch
    • chemical structure
  14. anastomosis
    anastomoses
    end-to-end anastomosis
    end-to-side anastomosis
  15. anemia
    • pernicious
    • sickle cell
    • thalassemia
    • megaloblastic
  16. anorex/i
    lack of appetite
  17. antr/o
    antrum of the stomach
  18. aphthous
  19. ascites
    ascitic
  20. aspir/o
    • removal of fluids by suction
    • inhale
  21. autolysis
  22. bili/o
    related to bile or the bile system
  23. BM, bowel movement
  24. bulb/o
    bulb
  25. bulimia
  26. cachexia
    cachectic
  27. calcul/o
    • stone
    • calculus
  28. caput nedusa
  29. cec/o
    • cecum
    • first part of the colon
  30. celi/o
    celiac axis
    • celiac axis
    • root
  31. cholera
  32. coffee-ground emesis
    describes a type of emesis seen in GI bleeding
  33. complications of peptic ulcer
    • perforation
    • penetration
    • hemorrhage
    • obstruction
  34. decidu/o
    • to fall off
    • shed
  35. delirium tremens
  36. dent/o
    • tooth
    • teeth
  37. diet/o
    • way of living
    • relating to type and amount of food taken
  38. disease
    Crohn('s)
  39. diverticul/o
    Meckel('s)
    diverticulum
    diverticulum
  40. doch/o
    duct
  41. duoden/o
    • first part of the small bowel
    • duedenum
  42. dynam/o
    • in motion
    • moving
  43. empyema
  44. eventration
  45. fec/o
    • feces
    • stool
    • bowel movement
  46. frostbite
  47. gangrene
  48. gauge
    needle size, usually from 25-16
  49. GE, gastroesophageal
  50. girth
  51. globus hystericus
  52. haustrum
    haustra
  53. hemi/
    half
  54. hemosiderin
  55. herni/o
    • hernia
    • protrusion through a wall defect
  56. hernias
    • incarcerated
    • incisional
    • strangulated
    • internal
    • inguinal
  57. hydrops
    hydropic
    dropsy
  58. hyperchlorhydria
  59. icterus
    icteric
  60. IF, intrinsic factor
  61. ile/o
    • third part of the small bowel
    • ileum
  62. ileus
  63. indication
  64. intussusception
  65. jejun/o
    • second part of the small bowel
    • jejunum
  66. ket/o
    ketones, a chemical in the blood & urine
  67. labi/o
    cheil/o
    lip
  68. lact/o
    • milk
    • milky
  69. lei/o
    • smooth
    • smooth muscle
  70. melena
    melanotic
  71. mesenter/o
    mesentery
  72. mucoviscidosis
    cystic fibrosis
  73. NSAID, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
  74. occlus/o
    closed off
  75. oment/o
    omentum
  76. pancreatic/o
    to or with the pancreas
  77. parenchyma
  78. parot/o
    parotid gland
  79. patient positions
    • knee-chest
    • lithotomy
    • Trendelenburg
  80. peduncul/o
    peduncle
  81. peps/o
    pept/o
    • digest
    • digestion
  82. perine/o
    • perineum
    • external part of lower abdomen/pelvis
  83. Peyer's patches
  84. phlegmonous
  85. frenulum
  86. physical examination findings in the abdomen
    • gardening
    • shifting dullness
    • fluid wave
  87. piecemeal
    bit by bit
  88. PKU, phenylketonuria
  89. plicae circulares
  90. polyp/o
    polyp
  91. port/a
    port/o
    • hepatic portal vein
    • door
  92. proct/o
    • anus
    • lower rectum
  93. PTC, percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
  94. PUD, peptic ulcer disease
  95. pylor/o
    • pylorus
    • gate-keeper
  96. omphal/o
    umbilicus
  97. recumbent
  98. reflux
  99. rugae
  100. schist/o
    /schisis
    split
  101. sial/o
    ptyal/o
    • saliva
    • salivary glands
  102. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  103. sphincter/o
    sphincter of Oddi
    sphincter
  104. spider nevi
  105. straw-colored
    normal urine color
  106. syndrome
    • Budd-Chiari
    • Gardener('s)
    • Cronkhite-Canada
  107. syndrome
    • Mallory-Weiss
    • Peutz-Jeghers
    • Zollinger-Ellison
    • Menetrier('s)
    • dumping
  108. syring/o
    • syringe
    • syrinx
    • relationship to a tube or fistula
  109. TE fistula
    tracheal-esophageal fistula
    tracheoesophageal fistrula
  110. types of metastases
    • hematogenous
    • regional lymph node
    • perineural
    • intraluminal
    • distant
  111. Valsalva maneuver
  112. volvul/o
    volvulus

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