PBio Test One

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PBio Test One
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2012-01-23 15:28:11
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Poisonous Plants
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  1. How many poisonous plants are there?
    About 700
  2. What do plants use chemicals for?
    Defense against insects, communication with animals, defense against larger animals.
  3. Where does a plant's waste go to?
    Vacuole
  4. What is the #1 poisonous plant in Athens county?
    Poison ivy
  5. Green foliage. Often tinted red with small white/green flowers and white berries in the fall.
    Poison ivy
  6. A plant that is often mistaken for poison ivy.
    Box elder
  7. How to differentiate between poison ivy and box elder?
    Poison ivy alternates on side of branch. Box elder appears side by side.
  8. How does poison ivy get everywhere?
    Birds enjoy the fruit and spread seeds in droppings.
  9. Two close relatives of poison ivy?
    Poison sumac and poison oak.
  10. Poison ivy, oak, and summac all fall under what classification?
    Toxicodendron
  11. An alcohol with an "oil" long tail within poison oak, ivy, and summac.
    Urishiol
  12. Urishiol causes a severe allergic reaction in what percent of people?
    About 50%
  13. How can urishiol be removed, and what window of time do you have?
    Anything that removes oil quickly. Soapy warm water, mud. 20 minutes.
  14. A common poison plant in Ohio. Not American native.
    Poison hemlock
  15. Conium maculatum =
    Poison hemlock
  16. What plant has flowers similar to carrots?
    Poison hemlock
  17. Active ingredient in poison hemlock?
    Coniine
  18. Used to carry out capital punishment in ancient Greece.
    Poison hemlock
  19. What are the two types of central nervous system poisons, and what kind of paralysis do they cause?
    • Sedatives = Flaccid paralysis
    • Stimulants = spastic paralysis
  20. Is poison hemlock a stimulant or a sedative?
    Initially acts as a stimulant, but then causes gradual sedation and death from suffocation.
  21. Heracleum mantegazzianum =
    Giant hogweed
  22. What two things must happen for injury from giant hogweed?
    Sap comes in contact with skin and skin is exposed to sunlight.
  23. What plant can easily lead to blindness if in eyes?
    Giant hogweed
  24. A federal noxious weed
    Giant hogweed
  25. What does it mean to be a federal noxious weed?
    Illegal to sell, grow,and propagate. Officials can enter your land and kill it.
  26. Urtica dioica =
    Stinging nettles
  27. Plant that is either male or female.
    Stinging nettles
  28. What are two other plants that are hermaphoditic?
    Marijuana, hops, holly
  29. Have small glass hairs that break off on contact. Cause a painful sting.
    Stinging nettles
  30. Contains histamine, which triggers all of your allergic reactions.
    Stinging nettles
  31. Plant was brought to Europe by Roman soldiers. Beat themselves for warmth, or stay awake late at night.
    Stinging nettles
  32. Used as a folk remedy for the bloody nose
    Stinging nettles
  33. A plant that, besides being poisonous, is also said to be a spring tonic.
    Stinging nettles
  34. Perennials and require no chemicals to grow a crop.
    Nettles
  35. Physostigma venenosum =
    Ordeal bean
  36. Is physostigma venenosum a sedative or stimulant?
    Stimulant
  37. What are most plant poisons classified as chemically?
    Alkaloids
  38. Alkaloids are:
    Alkaline in reaction, contain nitrogen, have some affect on the human body, and end in "ine"
  39. Is heroine an alkaloid?
    Yes
  40. Where are arrow poisons common?
    Tropics
  41. What do one tree, two tree, and three tree poisons refer to?
    The number of trees a monkey will jump to before falling.
  42. Generic name for arrow poisons?
    Curare
  43. If main ingredient in arrow poisons is chondrodendron tomentosum, what is the actual chemical?
    Tubocurarine
  44. What was a powerful relaxation of muscles for surgery, but is not commonly used today because of its potency?
    Tubocurarine
  45. Antidote for lockjaw, tetanus, and spastic cerebral palsy?
    Tubocurarine
  46. What is the poison in Strychnos toxifera?
    Strychnine
  47. Is Strychnos toxifera a stimulant or sedative?
    Stimulant
  48. Antodote for barbituate poisoning
    Strychnos toxifera
  49. Famous as a poison for mob hits
    Strychnos toxifera
  50. For what poison is there no good antidote for accidental poisoning?
    Strychnine
  51. A volatile chemical in plants - what we know as fresh cut grass
    Coumarin
  52. Interferes with blood clotting. Animals that eat hay with this may bleed to death.
    Dicoumarol
  53. What is rat poison today based on?
    Dicoumarol
  54. Active ingredient in rat poison. A slow release.
    Warfarin
  55. What is required for blood clotting?
    Vitamin K
  56. Ricinus communis =
    Castor Bean
  57. A feared bio weapon.
    ricinus communis
  58. Interferes with ribosomes, whose role it is to make new proteins.
    Ricin
  59. Perhaps the most potent plant poison
    Ricin
  60. What is a purgative?
    A laxative
  61. Castor oil is a....
    purgative
  62. Regulated under anti-terrorism laws in the US
    Ricin
  63. Do we make castor oil in the US?
    No, too hazardous. We buy it from other countries.
  64. Plant whose seeds are commonly used for rosaries.
    Abrus Precatorius
  65. Rosaries contain what toxin?
    Abrin
  66. What do you give someone who has recently swallowed a poison?
    Syrup of Ipecac
  67. What is the active ingredient in syrup of Ipecac?
    Emetine
  68. An emetic does what?
    Makes you throw up.
  69. A group of chemicals that have in common a sugar molecule attached to something else.
    Glycosides
  70. Toxin in seeds of apples and apricots.
    Amygdalin
  71. What inhibits mitochondria, the energy factories in your body?
    Cyanide
  72. A preparation from apricot seeds is...
    laetrile
  73. Two types of glycosides?
    Cyanogenic and cardiac
  74. Coomon shrub in landscapes. Contain 50 toxic chemicals. Two of them speed the heart rate.
    Oleander
  75. What was the first steroid isolated and used medicinally? A miracle drug for asthma, poison ivy, acne.
    Cortisone
  76. Requires the urine of 40 oxen to provide enough for one patient.
    Cortisone
  77. What was the first source of steroids?
    Arrow poison from Africa
  78. Dioscorea =
    Wild yams
  79. Study of the use of plants in traditional setting
    Ethnobotanist
  80. What is isolated in yams?
    iosgenin
  81. What did we found cortisone to be in?
    Wild yams.
  82. Most widely used brand name for treatment of menopause.
    Premarin
  83. Various estrogen-like compounds from plants for post-menopausal health.
    Phytoestrogens
  84. Added to water, causes fish to float to surface.
    Rotenone
  85. Derris elliptica =
    Rotenone
  86. Two major uses for rotenone?
    Insecticide and fish management.
  87. What does the "Doctrine of Signatures" state?
    All plants are put here for human benefit. And all plants had on them a sign from God, a clue to how they were to be used.
  88. What were thought to be medinical for the brain?
    Walnuts
  89. A plant with red sap in its roots, was recommended for blood disorders.
    Bloodroot
  90. Mandragora officinarum =
    Mandrake
  91. Stimulates male sexual function, and female fertility if feminine shape.
    Mandrake
  92. "The fruit that excites love."
    Mandrake
  93. Used in Roman orgies, as well as the Bible when Rachel desires a child.
    Mandrake
  94. Where do mandrakes grow?
    Europe and the Middle East
  95. Active ingredient in mandrakes?
    Scopolamine
  96. A pain killer, used for 2,000 years as anesthetic for surgery and childbirth.
    Scopolamine
  97. Who wrote about the powers of the Mandrake?
    Shakespeare
  98. Uttered a shriek so terrible, any human would drop dead. Dog was used for the job.
    Mandrakes
  99. What the association of mandrake with love and lust?
    Like alcohol, it relaxes inhibitions.
  100. Two reasons for historical obsession with aphrodisiacs.
    Arranged marriages and polygamous cultures.
  101. The love chemical in your brain.
    Phenyl ethylamine
  102. Chocolate contains small amounts of...
    phenyl ethylamine
  103. What animal is monogramous, will drink alcohol and can become addicted to it.
    Prairie voles
  104. Common names: Jimsonweed and Thorn Apple
    Datura stramonium
  105. A federal noxious weed, yet you can buy seeds from companies. A hallucinogen.
    Datura stramonium
  106. Used to stupefy for kidnappings, burials. Also used in "Rites of Passage" in American Indian cultures.
    Datura Stramonium
  107. What does it mean to Shang Hai a sailor?
    Drug them and coerce them into being sailors on the ship. When they come to, they can't do anything except be a sailor.
  108. Stops your ability to sweat, dries out mucous membranes, causes increased metabolism. You can die from hyperthermia.
    Datura stramonium
  109. According to this dermatology web site, only some people are born with a sensitivity to poison ivy" True or False?
    False
  110. For more serious cases what drug preparation is usually prescribed? A) Aspirin B) Cortisone C) Prevacid D) Percocet
    B
  111. Can animals other than humans, like cats or dogs, get the poison ivy rash?
    No
  112. When I get poison ivy, I like to use very hot water to eliminate the itching, at least for a while. Does this site recommend that as well?
    No
  113. In the US, how many new patients are added to the list that are using Warfarin each year? A) 500,000 B) 280,000 C) 2 million
    C
  114. Which of these is the most likely drug to cause side effects that require hospitalization? A) warfarin B) aspirin C) digoxin D) androstenedione
    C
  115. This device is intended to evaluate a patients genetic markers to determine how they are likely to respond to the drug, thereby helping doctor's adjust their prescription level. How many markers are evaluated int his test? 1, 2 3 4 5
    Three
  116. In December, a woman was executed in Saudi Arabia for practicing witchcraft. Was she a young woman, or older?
    Older
  117. Is witchcraft (sorcery) defined as a capital offense in the Saudi Arabian penal code?
    Not specifically
  118. Good Morning America called giant hogweed "The plant from ______"
    Hell
  119. About Giant Hogweed: The fearsome plant is chiefly recognizable by its impressive ___________ and its clusters of white flowers.
    Height
  120. The product Scopace is marketed for treatment of what ailment?
    Motion sickness
  121. Under "usage" are they talking about using this as a tablet or as a patch, for direct absorption through the skin?
    Tablet
  122. The first description of a purified chemical that related to pheromone biology was bomykul, which drove male _______ moth's crazy. A) sphinx B) silkworm C) Indian meal D) bat winged
    B
  123. Preti found that male armpit sweat dabbed on the upper _____ of women stimulates production of ovulation-triggering luteinizing hormone.
    lips
  124. Depending on the route of exposure (such as injection), as little as _____ micrograms of ricin could be enough to kill an adult. A) 500 B) 100 C) 1,200
    A
  125. Within a few hours of inhaling significant amounts of ricin, the likely symptoms would be coughing, tightness in the chest, __________ ____________, nausea, and aching muscles.
    difficulty breathing
  126. Scan through this site and be able to tell me what they say about antidotes for ricin poisoning.
    There is no antidote. But medical practices to help breathing and giving fluids that stop swelling are used.
  127. Death from ricin poisoning could take place within _________ hours of exposure. A) 12 to 24 B) 48 to 72 C) 36 to 48 D) 8 to 12
    C
  128. What hormone is involved in bonding, between mother and child, or between two lovers? A) dopamine B) oxytocin C) serotonin D) oxycontin.
    B
  129. This hormone is sometimes called "the ______ hormone",and is released, in part, when we make direct eye contact. Perhaps part of why we find it harder to lie when we look someone in the eye?
    Love
  130. This article suggest that the hormone might be useful in treating psychological disorders. Name one.
    Social anxiety
  131. In this article is from spring 2008. Bergendorff was charged with possession of a ______________ toxin.
    biological
  132. Was he accused of being involved in making the toxin, or did he buy it from a source?
    Making the toxin
  133. In this brief story about malaria coming into the US with aid workers, where did the 11 infected people get infected?
    Haiti
  134. Artemisin comes from what plant? A) Artericulum pastoralis B) Arthespercula officinalis C) Artemisia annua
    C
  135. Where in the world did the outbreak of ACT resistant malaria parasites develop? A) The Congo B) Cambodia-Thailand C) Costa Rica-Belize
    B
  136. A protozoan parasite that invades blood cells and causes ililness when parasites release from blood cells in swarms
    Malaria
  137. All time #1 human killer
    Malaria
  138. How long does it take to recover from the illness of Malaria?
    The entire cycle takes place in 24 hours.
  139. Mal Aria translates as what?
    Bad Air
  140. What plant was discovered by the Spanish that can treat Malaria?
    Cinchona officinalis
  141. What drug became the treatment of Malaria?
    Quinine
  142. What drink do people take their quinine with?
    Gin and tonic

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