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  1. What is the key to understanding AD?
    Understanding AD structural terms.
  2. What may be contained within objects?
    Objects are logical network resources in your network environment that may contain many types of objects in your network, such as network users, computers, printers, groups, data files, applications and the attributes of those objects.
  3. Why is the global catalog server a critical component in a domain?
    They have a master list of all AD objects from all domains in the forest.
  4. What are the five FSMO roles responsible for?
    Schema-Updates directory schema. Domain NamingMakes changes to the forest-wide domain name space. RID Processes relative ID pool requests. PDC Emulator Authority for the W32Time service. Infrastructure Updates objects SID and distinguished name.
  5. What are GPOs applied against?
    Leaf objects, such as users and computers, but not security or distribution groups.
  6. Which command do you use to launch the AD Installation Wizard to promote a server to a domain controller?
    The DCPROMO command.
  7. When can a command line interface be better than a GUI?
    It uses less RAM and less power from the microprocessor than any other interface.
  8. What is the biggest advantage of a GUI?
    A GUI is the most user friendly of all interfaces.
  9. What are the four elements most GUIs are composed of?
    The four elements of most GUIs are Windows, Icons, Menus, and Pointing devices.
  10. What are the two methods of installing Windows Server 2003?
    The two methods of installing Windows Server 2003 are attended and unattended.
  11. What is the difference between a hot fix and a service pack?
    A hot fix is usually a program created by Microsoft to quickly fix a specific problem with one of their products. The Service Pack provides a collection of fixes in the following areas: security, application compatibility, OS reliability, and setup.
  12. How do the three components of DNS work together?
    A resolver needs to look-up domain name information. It sends the request to the name server, which reviews its records to find the information, and then it passes the required information back to the resolver.
  13. How are a forward lookup and a reverse lookup different?
    Unlike forward lookups, where you provide a domain name and request an I/P address, a reverse lookup allows you to specify an IP address, and the DNS server returns the hostname defined for it.
  14. How do recursive queries and non-recursive queries differ?
    Where recursive queries are made by client applications, non-recursive queries are made by name servers to other name servers.
  15. Explain the importance, in DNS, of the root
    In DNS, the root consists of 13 name server clusters located world-wide. These servers form the upper most layer of the DNS namespace.
  16. What three things must Air Force DNS servers do?
    (1) Provide reverse lookup capability, i.e. reside on the in-addr.arpa domain. (2) Allow zone transfers only between the primary and secondary name servers. (3) Run only the DNS service. All unnecessary services will be turned off on the name servers.
  17. What does a DHCP server do?
    A DHCP server is a file server which manages a pool of IP addresses (known as a scope) available for lease by authorized clients for a specific period of time.
  18. What must you be aware of when using more than one DHCP server on a network?
    Make sure each scope is unique so you do not cause the creation of duplicate IP addresses.
  19. What does Air Force Policy say about using DHCP?
    Manage all base IP address space through utilization of Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). DHCP will allocate dynamic IP addresses for: (1) All noncritical workstations connected to the internal base network. (2) Remote Access Clients.
  20. According to Air Force policy, how long should noncritical workstations IP addresses be leased for?
    30 days.
  21. What type of service allows network administrators to install upgrades on any number of client computers at one time from a centralized location?
    It allows network administrators to install the Windows Client Software and its upgrades to any number of client computers at one time from a centralized location.
  22. On what servers can you install RIS?
    It can be installed on any server that meets the Windows Server 2003 minimum requirements.
  23. What directory does the RIS service default to?
    It defaults to a directory named \RemoteInstall.
  24. When deciding on a default directory for RIS, what are the two rules you must follow?
    The directory has to be on a partition other than the partition that holds the Windows Server 2003 operating system and must be formatted with NTFS.
  25. What are the services that IIS can provide?
    World Wide Web publishing services, File Transfer Protocol (FTP) services, Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP) services, and Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) services.
  26. Why is IIS 6.0 not activated automatically?
    The reason for this is that hackers have learned to look for IIS services running with their default setup, which allowed them a method of access. By locking IIS down by default, it greatly reduces the number of access points for hackers.
  27. What are IISs components?
    a) World Wide Web Server. b) Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. c) Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP). d) File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Server. e) Internet Information Services Snap-in. f) Internet Services Manager.
  28. What is usually the sole purpose of installing IIS on an Air Force server?
    To facilitate the installation of Microsoft Exchange Server.
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