class review

Card Set Information

class review
2012-01-23 19:11:22
ap psych

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  1. a mental category that groups objects, relations, ...or qualities having similar properties
  2. representation that may occur in many sensory modalities and resembles what it represents
    mental image
  3. integrated mental network of knowledge, beliefs, and expectations concerning a particular topic
    cognitive schema
  4. a prototype of american sports
  5. a recipe is similar to a
  6. formal reasoning
    • you know when the problem is solved
    • includes: algortihms, deductive, inductive
  7. rule of thumb, that suggests an action but doesnt gurantee an optimal solution
    • heuristic
    • (when someone tells you to play a higer card first in a card game)
  8. opposing facts or ideas are weighed and compared with a view of determining the best solution
    dialectal reasoning
  9. overestimate your ability to predict an event after it already happened
    hindsight bias
  10. ability to profit from experience, acquire knowledge, think abstractly, act purposefully, and adapt to changes
  11. measure the ability to acquire skills and knowledge in the future
    aptitude tests (career)
  12. Alfred Benit
    • 1904
    • -identify slow learners to help them improve in school (kids)
  13. welchers scale for adults combines 3 things:
    • -general
    • -verbal
    • -performance
  14. intelligence tests between WWI-1960's favored:
    urban white kids
  15. ____ were effected by stereotype.
    african americans
  16. theorists that study how people think
    cognitive theorists
  17. how well you transfer intelligence to new situations
  18. without _____ you will not be able to acquire tscit knowledge.
    contextual intelligence
  19. what do japanese school teachers think is the secret weapon for doing well in math?
    hard work
  20. the tendency to mistakenly think taht humans have nothing in common with animals
  21. especially representative examply of a concept
  22. prototype of the concept fruit:
  23. drawing conclusions from inferences or facts
    • formal reasoning
    • includes: heuristic/dialectal
  24. premises provide support for conclusion but it is possible for the conclusion to be wrong
    • inductive reasoning
    • -example: no boys at RHS on monday, tuesday or wednesday:concludes there are no boys at RHS
  25. tendency to look for info based on ones own belief
    confirmation bias
  26. when a persons beliefs contrast with their behavior, or a state of tension that occurs when a person holds 2 cognitions that are psychologically inconsistent
    • cognitive dissonance
    • -girl at gym, but hates working out
  27. g factor
    • charles spearman
    • -single factor or ability defines intelligence
    • -underlies specific mental abilities and talents
  28. an approach to intelligence in which you include how well people do on standardized tests
    psychomentric approach
  29. the problem with the IQ formula:
    it doesnt make sense with adults
  30. a stanford-benet test most likely has questions regarding which subject?
  31. stereotype threatens kids as well as:
    the elderly
  32. effected by the stereotype of ability in math
  33. awareness of ones own cognitive process(metacognition)
    when your thinking about a problem
    componential intelligence
  34. practical application of intelligence
    contextual intelligence
  35. strategies for success inferred by observing others
    tacit knowledge
  36. kohler noticed what about chimpanzees?
    • their insight
    • (stacking crates)
  37. what type of people are willing to risk ridicule?