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a mental category that groups objects, relations, ...or qualities having similar properties
representation that may occur in many sensory modalities and resembles what it represents
integrated mental network of knowledge, beliefs, and expectations concerning a particular topic
a prototype of american sports
a recipe is similar to a
- you know when the problem is solved
- includes: algortihms, deductive, inductive
rule of thumb, that suggests an action but doesnt gurantee an optimal solution
- (when someone tells you to play a higer card first in a card game)
opposing facts or ideas are weighed and compared with a view of determining the best solution
overestimate your ability to predict an event after it already happened
ability to profit from experience, acquire knowledge, think abstractly, act purposefully, and adapt to changes
measure the ability to acquire skills and knowledge in the future
aptitude tests (career)
- -identify slow learners to help them improve in school (kids)
welchers scale for adults combines 3 things:
intelligence tests between WWI-1960's favored:
urban white kids
____ were effected by stereotype.
theorists that study how people think
how well you transfer intelligence to new situations
without _____ you will not be able to acquire tscit knowledge.
what do japanese school teachers think is the secret weapon for doing well in math?
the tendency to mistakenly think taht humans have nothing in common with animals
especially representative examply of a concept
prototype of the concept fruit:
drawing conclusions from inferences or facts
- formal reasoning
- includes: heuristic/dialectal
premises provide support for conclusion but it is possible for the conclusion to be wrong
- inductive reasoning
- -example: no boys at RHS on monday, tuesday or wednesday:concludes there are no boys at RHS
tendency to look for info based on ones own belief
when a persons beliefs contrast with their behavior, or a state of tension that occurs when a person holds 2 cognitions that are psychologically inconsistent
- cognitive dissonance
- -girl at gym, but hates working out
- charles spearman
- -single factor or ability defines intelligence
- -underlies specific mental abilities and talents
an approach to intelligence in which you include how well people do on standardized tests
the problem with the IQ formula:
it doesnt make sense with adults
a stanford-benet test most likely has questions regarding which subject?
stereotype threatens kids as well as:
effected by the stereotype of ability in math
awareness of ones own cognitive process(metacognition)
when your thinking about a problem
practical application of intelligence
strategies for success inferred by observing others
kohler noticed what about chimpanzees?
- their insight
- (stacking crates)
what type of people are willing to risk ridicule?
What would you like to do?
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