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What type of arthritis is caused by uric acid crystals? Where is it most commonly found?
- Affects feet and toes; usually smaller joints
What is a bacterial infectuion due to a bite from a deer tick, and what shape of a rash forms?
- Lyme Disease
- Bullseye rash
What type of arthritis is from wear and tear on joints causing inflammation and irritation?
Osteoarthritis, aka degenerative joint disease
What causes patellar cartilage damage due to overuse?
What type of arthritis is an autoimmune disease affecting synovial membranes, mainly hands and feet?
What type of arthritis is a bacterial infection of the joint capsule, causing inflammation?
What is a degenerative joint disease of the spine that usually affects the cervical and lumbar area?
Spondylosis aka spinal stenosis
What can cause TMJD?
- Malocclusion (dysfunctional bit)
- Bruxism (teeth grinding)
- Loose ligaments
What is a posterior fluid filled extension/sac of the synovial membrane of the knee? Where does it normally protrude?
- Baker cyst
- Protrudes into poplitial fossa
What is a laterally deviated big toe/ protrusion at the 1st metatarsal phalangeal joint?
Bunion aka hallux valgus
Where is the most common bursa?
What is an idiopathic contracture of the palmar fascia?
Depuytren contracture (palmar fascitis)
What is a small CT pouch filled with fluid on joint capsule and tendon sheaths?
- Ganglion cyst
- Usually found on wrist and dorsal surface of ankle/foot
What is a protrusion of an organ/ part of an organ through the cavity that contains it?
What type of hernia is most common in men?
What type of hernia is most common in women?
What is an irritation and inflammation at the tibial tuberosity?
Another name for flat feet
What is an autoimmune disorder damaging arterioles, stimulating excessive production of collagen in the skin?
What is a unilateral spasm on a neck muscle that causes the head to be "stuck" in flexion and rotation?
- Congenital- unilateral development of SCM
What is a permanent shortening of a muscle group?
What is an entrapment of the median nerve?
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
What is an autoimmune disease affecting ACH receptor sites at the neuromuscular junction?
- Myasthenia gravis
- Weakness, fatigue, no sensory loss, just motor loss.
What is a neurovascular entrapment of the brachial plexus?
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
What is a shortage of RBC, hemoglobin or both?
What is a travelling clot?
What is a stationary clot?
What is bleeding between muscle sheaths called?
Hematoma aka bruising
What is a cancer of WBCs produced in bone marrow?
What is an inflammation of superficial veins d/t clot?
What is an inflammation of deeper veins d/t clot?
Deep vein thrombosis
What are risk factors for DVT?
- reduced circulation
- high estrogen birth control
What is a permanent bulge in wall of a blood vessel or the heart
What is it called when arteries become inelastic and brittle due to plaque?
- "hardening of the arteries"
What are risk factors for atherosclerosis?
- High cholesterol
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Family history
Episodes of vasospasm of the arterioles
- Raynaud's syndrome
- Usually in the hands and feet
Damage to the internal valves of superficial veins
Damage to myocardium d/t ischemia
Heart attack aka myocardial infarction
Heart cannot pump blood to the body efficiently
Heart failure aka congestive heart failure
What heals faster, a strain or a sprain?
Is a weak psoas involved in hyperlordosis?
Does someone with functional scoliosis have abnormally shaped vertibrae?
A condition in which blood supply to a bone is interrupted
- Avascular osteonecrosis
- Head of the femur is the most common
Type of broken bone where the bone protrudes through skin or into the body cavity
Compound (or open)
Green stick fracture
Bending with partial break