AP Government Chapter 12 Quiz

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winterburger
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130153
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AP Government Chapter 12 Quiz
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2012-01-24 00:03:41
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AP Gov Chapter 12 Review
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Review for chapter 12
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  1. According to Edmund Burke's classification, members of Congress would be considered
    A)trustees
    B)politicos
    C)ambassadors.
    D)instructed delegates
    B) politicos means active participant in politics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. An example of casework by a member of Congress is
    A) writing a newsletter to send out to constituents.
    B) helping a constituent get a small business loan.
    C) voting for a bill desired by the majority of constituents.
    D)working with a caucus on a public policy that affects his or her constituents
    B) casework are activities of members of Congress that help constituents as individuals.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Congressional reforms in 1995 gave each senator
    A)drastically cut the power of majority leaders.
    B) allowed committee chairs to choose the chairs of subcommittees.
    C) a seat on at least one key committee.
    D)created rotating committee chairs.
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Critics argue that one of the effects of the continual reelection of incumbents in Congress is
    A) less conservative policies.
    B) fewer policy experts winning congressional seats.
    C) insulation of members from political change.
    D) less money spent on elections.
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. In the relationship between lobbyists and members of Congress,
    A) members of Congress depend on lobbyists for reelection.
    B) members of Congress can ignore and embarrass lobbyists.
    C) lobbyists hold the greater power.
    D) lobbyists pay members of Congress to pass or defeat bills.
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Most of the business of Congress takes place in
    A) on the floor of the House and Senate.
    B) during evening social functions.
    C) congressional districts.
    D) in committees and subcommittees.
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Of all the senators' and representatives' roles, the toughest is
    A) fund raising.
    B) policymaking.
    C) running for reelection.
    D)constituent service.
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Party loyalty at the voting booth is
    A) almost nonexistent today.
    B) still a good predictor of voting behavior.
    C) stronger than it was a generation ago.
    D) no longer a good indication of voting behavior.
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Probably the foremost attraction to the job of being a member of Congress is
    A) salary.
    B) power.
    C) popularity.
    D) leisure time.
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Successful presidential leadership of Congress requires
    A) a powerful president able to convince members of Congress to follow his program.
    B) the president to act as a facilitator, working at the margins of coalition building.
    C) Congress and the president to belong to the same political party.
    D) presidents to successfully lobby each member of Congress to vote for their programs.
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The House Rules Committee
    A) reviews most bills coming from committee before they go to the full House.
    B) is similar to the Senate Rules Committee.
    C) has its members appointed by the House majority leader.
    D) usually retains independence from the House leadership.
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The most important goal of advertising for members of Congress is
    A) gather information from the constituency.
    B) to inform the representative's constituency about his or her voting record.
    C) elicit campaign contributions from the constituency.
    D) achieve visibility.
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The parties in Congress are most cohesive
    A) on foreign policy issues.
    B) on economic policy.
    C) when electing its official leaders.
    D) on military matters.
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The person responsible for scheduling floor action in the Senate is
    A) Speaker of the Senate.
    B) Senate majority leader.
    C) the vice president of the United States.
    D) chairman of the Senate Rules Committee.
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The president's most common method of attempting to influence Congress is to
    A) invite members of Congress to the White House.
    B) offer to campaign for members.
    C) hold regular meetings with the party's leaders in Congress.
    D) call up wavering members.
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Traditionally, congressional committee chairpersons have been chosen through
    A) a majority vote by committee members.
    B) party rank.
    C) popularity with majority leaders.
    D) the seniority system.
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. When members of Congress hold a hearing to question a cabinet member on how a law is being carried out, they are engaging in
    A) legislative oversight.
    B) casework.
    C) agenda-setting.
    D) filibustering.
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. When political action committees contribute money to members of Congress they are seeking
    A) a direct voice in Congress.
    B) to create a more pluralistic Congress.
    C) votes on specific legislation.
    D) access to policymakers.
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following congressional offices is mandated by the Constitution?
    A) majority leader
    B) minority leader
    C) Speaker of the House
    D) party whip
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Within the last few years, power in Congress has become
    A) decentralized with the proliferation of subcommittees and caucuses.
    B) more centralized, with more power in the hands of senior party leaders.
    C) dependent on the relationship between the members of Congress and the president as the chief legislator.
    D) controlled by the influence of interest groups and Political Action Committees (PACs).
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Challengers for congressional seats usually outspend the incumbents.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  22. Differences between the parties in Congress are sharpest on questions of foreign policy.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  23. Even legislators whose votes conflict with the views of their constituents tend to be reelected.
    a) True
    b) False
    a)
  24. Generally, it is more difficult to pass legislation in the Senate than in the House.
    a) True
    b) False
    a)
  25. Incumbents are usually much better known and have a more favorable public image than do their opponents.
    a) True
    b) False
    a) True
  26. Incumbents usually feel comfortable about their reelection and thus spend less on their campaigns.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  27. Members of Congress believe that congressional oversight is one of their most important functions.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  28. Most of the leadership positions in Congress are formal and chosen by nonparty procedures.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  29. On a typical issue the prime determinant of a congressional member's vote is personal ideology.
    a) True
    b) False
    a)
  30. Power in the Senate is in the hands of a few key members.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  31. Senate incumbents typically win their elections by narrower margins than House incumbents do.
    a) True
    b) False
    a) True
  32. The House of Representatives is more institutionalized, centralized, hierarchical, and less anarchic than the Senate.
    a) True
    b) False
    a) True
  33. The most prominent characteristic of a congressperson's job is hard work.
    a) True
    b) False
    a)
  34. The real power in Congress lies with committee chairs, who have almost complete control over what goes on in the committee.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  35. Voters have little direct influence over the individuals who chair key committees or lead congressional parties.
    a) True
    b) False
    a) True
  36. _________________ are formed when the Senate and the House pass a particular bill in different forms.
    Conference committees
  37. A __________ is a legislature divided into two houses.
    bicameral legislature
  38. A congressional __________ is a grouping of members of Congress who share some interest or characteristic.
    caucus
  39. Edmund Burke favored the concept of legislators as __________ using their best judgment to make policy in the interests of the people.
    trustees
  40. Members of Congress cannot claim __________ representation, representing constituents through mirroring their personal, politically relevant characteristics.
    descriptive
  41. One feature unique to the Senate is the __________, which allows unlimited debate on a bill.
    filibuster
  42. Only members of the House or the Senate can formally submit a __________ for consideration.
    bill
  43. Only members of the House or the Senate can formally submit a __________ for consideration.
    pork barrel
  44. The most important fact about congressional elections is that __________ usually win.
    incumbents
  45. To increase turnover in the membership of Congress, some reformers have proposed __________ for representatives and senators.
    term limitations

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