chapter 1

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chapter 1
2012-01-24 00:57:39
word roots suffixes prefixes

it's the introduction to medical terminology
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  1. -algia
    pain and suffering
  2. -dynia
  3. -itis
  4. -malacia
    abnormal softening
  5. -megaly
  6. -necrosis
    tissue death
  7. -sclerosis
    abnormal hardening
  8. -stenosis
    abnormal narrowing
  9. -centesis
    surgical puncture to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes or to remove excess fluid
  10. -graphy
    the process of producing a picture or record
  11. -gram
    a picture or record
  12. -plasty
    surgical repair
  13. -scopy
    visual examination
  14. -rrhage and -rrhagia
    bleeding; often used to describe sudden, severe bleeding
  15. -rrhaphy
    surgical suturing to close a wound and includes the use of sutures, staples, or surgical glue
  16. -rrhea
    flow or discharge and refers to the flow of most body fluids
  17. ab-
    away from
  18. ad-
    toward or in the direction of
  19. dys-
    bad, difficult, or painful
  20. eu-
    good, normal, well, or easy
  21. hyper-
    excessive or increased
  22. hypo-
    deficient or decreased
  23. inter-
    between or among
  24. intra-
    within or inside
  25. sub-
    inder, less, or below
  26. super-, supra-
    above or excessive
  27. arteri/o
  28. ather/o
    plaque or fatty substance
  29. arthr/o
  30. -ectomy
    surgical removal
  31. -ostomy
    surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
  32. -otomy
    cutting or a surgical incision
  33. fissure
    a groove or crack-like sore of the skin
  34. fistula
    an abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs, or leading from an organ to the surface of the body
  35. ileum
    the last and longest portion of the small intestine
  36. ilium
    part of the hip bone
  37. laceration
    a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
  38. lesion
    a pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury
  39. mucous
    specialized mucous membranes that line the body cavities
  40. mucus
    name of the fluid secreted by the mucous membranes
  41. myc/o
  42. myel/o
    bone marrow or spinal cord
  43. my/o
  44. -ologist
  45. -ology
    the study of
  46. palpation
    an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
  47. palpitation
    a pounding or racing heart
  48. prostate
    a male gland that lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra
  49. prostrate
    to collapse and be lying flat or to be overcome with exhaustion
  50. pyel/o
    renal pelvis, which is part of the kidney
  51. py/o
  52. pyr/o
    fever or fire
  53. supination
    the act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward
  54. suppuration
    formation or discharge of pus
  55. triage
    the medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
  56. trauma
    wound or injury
  57. viral
    pertaining to a virus
  58. virile
    having the nature, properties, or qualities of an adult male