What are the alternative methods (herbal) for depression?
St. Johns Wart
What is the science behind acupunture?
It stimulates the body's own painkilling chemicals, the morphine like substances known as endorphins.
What has accupunture been used to treat?
nausea of pregnacy
postoperative and chemotherapy induced N&V
low back pain
carpal tunnel sydrome
Practices tht differ from, and are used instead of, the usual traditional practices are known as what?
Practices that differ from, but used in conjunction with, traditional practices are known as what?
Characterized by a disturbance of consciousness and a change in cognition that develop rapidly over a short peirod of time
What are the signs and symptoms of alcohol withdrawl?
course tremor of hands, tongue, or eyelids
nausea or vomiting
malaise or weakness
elevated blood pressure
depressed mood or irritability
transient hallucinations or illusions
What does AA base their concept on?
peer support- acceptance and understanding from others who have experienced the same problems in their lives. The sole purpose of AA is to help the members stay sober.
What are the pharmacotherapy approaches to alcohol withdrawl?
What and Why?
A drug that can be administered as a deterrent to drinking to individuls who abuse alcohol.
Ingestion of alcohol while on it can produce a good deal of discomfort for the individual.
Possible Nursing Diagnosis for withdrawl of alcohol
Risk for injury
(Risk for CNS agaitation: tremors, elevated blood pressure, nausea and vomiting, halluicinations, illusions, tachycarida, anxiety, seizures)
Possible Nursing diagnosis for CNS Stimulant withdrawl
Risk for suicide
Risk factors: intense feelings of lassitude and depression; "crashing", suicidal ideation
Nursing diagnosis for OCD
ineffective role performance
Systematic desensitization with reciprocal inhibition
using relaxation techniques while gradually exposing the phobic stimulus, either in a real or imagined situation
a therapeutic process in which the client must imagine situations or participate in real-life situations that he or she finds extremely frightening for a prolonged period of time. relaxation is not included as a part of this tech.
Antianxiety drugs depress what
subcortical levels of the cns particularly the limbic system with reticular formation
What are the contradictions of antianxiety drugs?
They should not be taken in combination with other cns depressants and are contraindicated in pregnancy and lactation, narrow angle glaucoma, shock or coma.
Caution should be taken in elderly or debilitated clients or clients with hepatic or renal dysfunction.
Caution also required in individuals with history of drug abuse or if depressed or suicidal.
antianxiety drug that has a 10-14 day delay
What are characterized by physical symptoms suggesting medical disease, but without demonstrable organic pathology or know pathophysiological mechanism to account for them
The splitting off of clusters of mental contents form conscious awareness, a mechanism central to hysterical conversion and dissociative disorder
Appearance of the pain enables the client to avoid some unpleasant activity
the pain promotes emotional support or attention that the client might not otherwise recieve
A sudden unexpected travel away from or customary place of daily activities with inablility to recall some or all of ones past. Can not recall personal identiety and often assumes a new identitiy. They are able to provide details of their earlier life situation but have no recall form the beginning of the state
The inablility to recall important personal information, usually of a traumatic or stressful nature, that is not due to the direct effects of substance use or a neurological or other general medical condition
name the 5 different types of dissociative amnesia
1. Localized amnesia- the inability to recall all incidents associated with the trauatic event for a specific time period following the event
2. Selective amnesia- The inablitity to recall only certain incidents associated with a traumatic event for a specific period after the event.
3. Continuous amnesia- the inability to recall events occurring after a specific time up to and including the present
4. Generalized amnesia- forgetting everything
5. Systematized amnesia- individual cannot rememtber events that relate to a specific category of info (family) or to one particular person or event
Deficient knowledge (psychological causes for physical symptoms)
Nursing diagnosis for somatization disorders
ND for pain disorders
Fear ( of having a serious disease)
Chronic low self-esteem
ND for hypochondriasis
Disturbed sensory perception
ND Conversion disorder
Disturbed thought processess
loss of memory- dissocicative amesia ND
Risk for other-directed violence