Ch1_Vocabulary_Word_File.txt

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havenwood
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130178
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Ch1_Vocabulary_Word_File.txt
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2012-01-24 02:24:55
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Medical Terminology Ch1
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Medical Terminology Ch1
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  1. TERM
    DEFINITION OR EXAMPLE
  2. a-; an-
    without - negation prefixes
  3. ab-
    "away from (Constrasting is ""ad-"")"
  4. Abbreviation: AP
    Appendectomy or Appendix
  5. Abbreviation: CFS
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  6. "Abbreviation: DDx
    D/D
  7. "Abbreviation: Dx
    DX
  8. Abbreviation: He
    Hemorrhage
  9. Abbreviation: IM
    Intramuscular
  10. "Abbreviation: Inflam
    Inflamm"
  11. "Abbreviation: Path
    PA
  12. Abbreviation: PN
    Postnatal
  13. "Abbreviation: Px
    Prx
  14. Abbreviation: NIH
    National Institutes of Health (www.nih.gov) - for Medline Plus Medical Dictionary
  15. Abdominocentesis
    surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
  16. Abnormal
    not or away from normal
  17. Abnormal Condition or Disease
    1. -ago 2. -esis 3. -ia 4. -iasis 5. -ion 6. -ism 7. -osis
  18. -ac
    pertaining to
  19. Acronym
    word formed from the initial letter of the major parts o a compound term.
  20. Acute
    "condition that has a rapid onset
  21. ad-
    "toward or in the direction of (Constrasting is ""ab-"")"
  22. Addiction
    drawn toward or a strong dependence on a drug or substance
  23. agor/a
    open space
  24. -al
    pertaining to
  25. -algia
    "pain (see also ""-dynia"")"
  26. Amniocentesis
    withdrawing of amniotic fluid for diagnosti or treatment purposes - Podcast 3
  27. angi/o
    blood vessel
  28. Angiogram
    film/record produced by angiography
  29. Angiography
    process of producing a radiographic (x-ray) study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make the blood vessels visible
  30. ante-
    before; in front of
  31. Antepartum
    before childbirth; labor
  32. Appendectomy
    surgical removal of the appendix (Abbreviation: AP) - Book & Podcast 3
  33. appendic
    appendix
  34. Appendicitis
    inflammation of the appendix (Abbreviation: AP)
  35. arteri/o
    "artery (Sounds Like
  36. Arteriogram
    record or film of an artery or arteries - Podcast 2
  37. Arteriography
    process of recording or filming an artery or arteries - Podcast 2
  38. Arteriomalacia
    abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries
  39. Arterionecrosis
    tissue death of artery or arteries
  40. Arteriosclerosis
    abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries
  41. Arteriostenosis
    abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries - Book & Podcast 2
  42. arthr/o
    "joint (Sounds Like
  43. Arthralgia
    pain in a joint or joints
  44. Arthritis
    joint inflammation - Podcast 2
  45. Arthrocentesis
    withdrawing fluid from a joint - Podcast 3
  46. Arthroscope
    the tool or instrument used to visualy examine a joint - Podcast 2
  47. Arthroscopy
    process of visual examination of the internal structure of a joint - Book & Podcast 2
  48. ather/o
    "plaque or fatty substance (Sounds Like
  49. Atheroma
    fatty deposit within the wall of an artery
  50. bronch/o
    bronchi of the lungs
  51. cardi/o
    heart
  52. Cardiac
    heart (adjective)
  53. Cardiologist
    heart specialist - Podcast 2
  54. Cardiorrhexis
    exploding heart - Podcast 2
  55. Cardiotomy
    surgical incision into the heart - Podcast 3
  56. -centesis
    surgical puncture to remove excess fluid or to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes
  57. Cholera
    "infection caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae; transmitted through contact with contaminated food or water. Starts with diarrhea and progresses rapidly to severe vomiting
  58. Chronic
    "condition of a long duration; such diseases can be controlled
  59. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
    persistent overwhelming fatigue of unknown origin (Abbreviation: CFS)
  60. col/o
    colon
  61. Colostomy
    surgical creation of an artifical excretory opening between the colon and the body surface - Book & Podcast 3
  62. Colostomy
    creating an artifical connection between the colon and the outside of the body - Podcast 3
  63. Colotomy
    surgical incision into the colon
  64. Combining Form
    "Word root with a vowel (most commonly ""o"") at the end so suffix beginning with a consonant can be added. Written ""word/vowel"""
  65. Combining Vowel Rules
    1. CV IS used when suffix begins with a consonant 2. CV IS NOT used with suffix begins with a vowel 3. CV IS used when 2 or more word roots are joined.
  66. crani/o
    skull
  67. Cranium
    portion of skull enclosing the brain (noun)
  68. Crepitus; Crepitation
    1. grating sound heard when ends of a broken bone move together. 2. the crackling sound heard in lungs affected by pneumonia. 3. the clicking sound in the movements of some joints
  69. cyan/o
    blue
  70. Cyanosis
    blue discoloration of the skin caused by lack of oxygen in the blood
  71. cyst/o
    bladder
  72. -cyte; cyt/o
    cell
  73. Cytology
    "the study of the anatomy
  74. -derma
    skin
  75. Dermatologist
    physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin
  76. dextro-
    right
  77. dia-
    through
  78. Diagnosis
    "identification of a disease (Abbreviation: DX
  79. Diarrhea
    frequent flow of loose or watery stools
  80. Differential Diagnosis
    "attempt to determine which one of several diseases can be producing the signs and symptoms that are present; also known as R/O (rule out) (Abbreviation: DDx
  81. Directional Prefixes
    dextro-; sinistro-; ab-; ad-;sub-;super-;supra-
  82. Disease
    a condition in which one or more body parts are not functioning normally.
  83. -dynia
    "pain. This suffix is used less often. (see also ""-algia"")"
  84. dys-
    "bad
  85. Dysfunctional
    an organ or body part the is not working properly
  86. -ectomy
    "surgical removal (Sounds Like
  87. Edema
    swelling caused by excess fluid in the body tissues
  88. end-
    "within (Same as ""intra-"")"
  89. Endarterial
    pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery
  90. Endoscope
    instrument used to visually examine the interior of a body cavity or organ - ANGEL **
  91. enter/o
    small intestine
  92. Epigastric
    above the stomach or pertaining to above the stomach - ANGEL
  93. Eponym
    "disease
  94. erythr/o
    red
  95. Erythrocyte
    mature red blood cell
  96. eu-
    "good
  97. Euthyroid
    a normally functioning thyroid
  98. Fissure
    "1. groove or crack-like sore of the skin 2. normal folds in the contours of the brain (Sounds like
  99. Fistula
    "abnormal passage
  100. Flatus
    breaking wind; passing of digestive gas from the body through the rectum
  101. gastr/o
    stomach
  102. Gastralgia
    stomach pain
  103. Gastritis
    inflammation of the stomach
  104. Gastrodynia
    stomach pain
  105. Gastropathy
    disease or disorder of the stomach - ANGEL **
  106. Gastrosis
    any disease/disorder of the stomach
  107. Geriatrics
    the CARE of aging patients (asopposed to Gerontology which is the study of the PROCESS itelf **
  108. Gerontology
    "study of the diseases
  109. Gingivitis
    "inflammation of the gingival tissue
  110. -gram
    a picture or other record - a thing or product
  111. -graphy
    process of producing a picture or other record -
  112. hem/o
    blood
  113. Hemorrhage
    the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time (Abbreviation: He)
  114. Hepatomegaly
    abnormal enlargement of the liver - Book & Podcast 2
  115. How To Decipher a Word
    "Always start at the end of the word
  116. hyper-
    "excessive or increased (Constrasting is ""hypo-"") "
  117. Hypertension
    higher than normal blood pressure
  118. hypo-
    "deficient or decreased (Constrasting is ""hyper-"")"
  119. Hypotension
    lower than normal blood pressure
  120. Ileum
    "last and longest part of the small intestine (Sounds Like
  121. Ilium
    "part of the hip bone (Sounds Like
  122. Infection
    "invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease-producing) organism;p the infection can be: 1. Localized - remain near the point of origin
  123. Inflammation
    ###############################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################
  124. inter-
    "between or among (Constrasting is ""intra-"")"
  125. Interstitial
    "between
  126. intra-
    "within or inside (Constrasting is ""inter-"" and same as ""end-"")"
  127. Intramuscular
    "within or into the muscle
  128. -itis
    inflammation. NOTE: Also commonly used to mean infection.
  129. Jaundice
    "yellow discoloration of the skin
  130. kyphosis
    Humpback; Dowager's Hump; abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side frequently associated with aging (kyph/o = hump)
  131. Laceration
    "torn or jagged wound or acciental cut wound (Sounds like
  132. larygn/o
    larynx and throat
  133. Laser
    Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
  134. -lasis
    condition of
  135. Lesion
    "pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury (Sounds like
  136. leuk/o
    white
  137. Leukocyte
    white blood ecll
  138. lip-
    fat
  139. lith/o
    stone
  140. Lithotomy
    surgical incision for the removal of a stone OR an examination or surgical position with the patient lying on the back with the feet and legs raise and supportef by stirrups
  141. macro-
    large
  142. -malacia
    "abnormal softening. The opposite of ""-sclerosis."""
  143. -megaly
    abnormal enlargement
  144. melan/o
    black
  145. Melanosis
    any condition of unusual deposits of blsvk pigment in body tissues or organs
  146. micro-
    small
  147. Mucous
    "describes the specialized mucous membranes that line the body cavities; adjective (Sounds Like
  148. Mucus
    "name of the fluid ecreted by the mucous membranes; noun. (Sounds Like
  149. my/o
    "muscle (Sounds Like
  150. myc/o
    "fungus (Sounds Like
  151. Mycosis
    a disease casued by a fungus; any abnormal conndition or disease caused by a fungus **
  152. Myectomy
    "surgical removal of a muscle - Podcast 3 NOTE: since wor root ends with a vowel
  153. myel/o
    "1. spinal cord 2. bone marrow (Sounds Like
  154. Myelopathy
    any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord **
  155. Myomalacia
    Softening of a muscle - Podcast 2
  156. Myopathy
    any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue **
  157. Myoplasty
    surgical repair of a muscle
  158. Myorrhaphy
    surgical suturing of muscle wound
  159. Myorrhaphy
    suturing a muscle - Podcast 3
  160. Myorrhexis
    rupture of a muscle
  161. nat/i
    birth
  162. natal
    pertaining to birth
  163. -necrosis
    tissue death
  164. Negation Prefixes
    a-; an-
  165. Neonatology
    study of disorders of the newborn
  166. nephr/o
    kidney
  167. neur/o
    nerve
  168. Neurectomy
    removal of a nerve - ANGEL **
  169. Neuritis
    inflammation of a nerve or nerves
  170. Neuroplasty
    surgical repair of a nerve - Book & Podcast 3
  171. Noun Endings
    1. -a 2. -e 3. -um 4. -us 5. -y 6. (-ae)
  172. -ologist
    "specicalist
  173. -ology
    "study of; a specialty field in which an -ologist participates (Sounds Like
  174. -oma
    tumor
  175. -osis
    "abnormal condition or disease
  176. oste/o
    bone
  177. Osteitis
    Inflammation of a bone or bones - StudyMate Quiz **
  178. Osteonecrosis
    death of bone tissue - Podcast 2
  179. Osteopathy
    bone disease - Podcast 2
  180. -ostomy
    "(surgical) creation of an artifical opening (Sounds Like
  181. ot/o
    ear
  182. Otolaryngology
    study of the ears and throat
  183. -otomy
    "cutting or surgical incision (Sounds Like
  184. Otorhinolaryngology
    "study of the ears
  185. Palpation
    "an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture
  186. Palpitation
    "pounding or racing heart (Sounds Like
  187. path/o
    disease
  188. Pathology
    "study of all aspects of diseases (Abbreviation: path
  189. -pathy
    disease
  190. peri-
    surrounding (with respect to time)
  191. Pericardium
    around the heart muscle - ANGEL
  192. Perinatal
    "refers to the time and events surrounding birth. Time just before
  193. Pertaining To
    1. -ac 2. -al 3. -ar 4. -ary 5. -eal 6. -ical 7. -ial 8. -ic 9. -ine 10. -ior 11. -ory 12. -ous 13. -tic
  194. phalanx (sing); phalanges (pl)
    bones of fingers and toes
  195. phleb/o
    vein
  196. Phlegm
    thick mucus
  197. -phobia
    fear
  198. -plasty
    surgical repair
  199. poli/o
    gray
  200. Poliomyelitis
    viral infection of the grey matter of the spinal cord
  201. Polyneuritis
    inflammation of more than one nerve - ANGEL
  202. post-
    after
  203. Postnatal
    refers to the time and events after birth (Abbreviation: PN)
  204. pre-
    before
  205. Prefix
    "Indicates location
  206. Prognosis
    "prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder (plural: prognoses) (Abbreviation: Px
  207. Prostate
    "Male gland that lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra (Sounds Like
  208. Prostrate
    "1. to collapse and be lying flat 2. to be overcome with exhaustion (Sounds Like
  209. Psychologist
    "specialist who hold an advanced degree
  210. py/o
    "pus (Sounds Like
  211. pyel/o
    "renal pelvis (a part of the kidney) (Sounds Like
  212. Pyelitis
    inflammation of the renal pelvis
  213. Pyoderma
    "any acute
  214. pyr/o
    "fever or fire (Sounds Like
  215. Pyrosis
    heartburn; discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid into the esophagus
  216. Pyrosis
    abnormal condition of heat or fever - Podcast 2
  217. Quadriplegia
    paralysis of all four extremities; a person so-affected is a quadrilegic. (quadr/i = four; -plegia = paralysis)
  218. Remission; Remitting
    "temporary
  219. rhin/o
    nose
  220. Rhinorrhea
    runny nose - Podcast 2
  221. -rrhage
    "bleeding; bursting forth of blood (See also ""-rrhagia."")"
  222. -rrhagia
    "bleeding; bursting forth of blood (See also ""-rrhage."")"
  223. -rrhagic
    bleeding; bursting forth of blood (adjective)
  224. -rrhaphy
    surgical suturing
  225. -rrhea
    (abnormal) flow or discharge - referring to the flow of bodily fluids
  226. -rrhexis
    rupture or explosion
  227. -sclerosis
    "abnormal hardening. Opposite of ""-malacia."""
  228. -scopy
    the PROCESS of making a visual examination - use a -scope to perform -scopy
  229. Serum
    plasma fluid left after the blood cells and the clotting protins have been removed
  230. Sign
    objective evidence of disease; can be evaluated or measured by the patient or others
  231. Size Prefixes
    macro-; micro-
  232. -stenosis
    abnormal narrowing
  233. Stoma
    the artificial opening of a body part to the outside of the body - Podcast 3
  234. sub-
    "under
  235. Subcostal
    below a rib or ribs
  236. Suffix
    "Indicates procedure (operative or non-operative)
  237. Supination
    "act of rotating arm so the palm of the hand is forward and upward (Sounds Like
  238. Suppuration
    "formation or discharge of pus (Sounds Like
  239. Supracostal
    above or outside the ribs
  240. Symptom
    "subjective evidence of a disease
  241. Syndrome
    a set of signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
  242. tonsill/o
    tonsils
  243. Tonsillectomy
    surgical removal of the tonsils - Book & Podcast 3
  244. Tonsillitis
    inflammation of the tonsils
  245. Trauma
    "wound or injury
  246. Triage
    "medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment (Sounds Like
  247. True/False: All medical terms are made up of word parts.
    False
  248. -um
    Noun Ending
  249. uni-
    one
  250. Unusual Plural Forms for Suffixes
    1. -a to -ae 2. -ex or -ix to -ices 3. -is to -es 4. -itis to -ides 5. -nx to -nges or -x to -ges 6. -on to -a 7. -um to -a 8. -us to -i
  251. vir/o
    virus or poison
  252. Viral
    "pertaining to a virus (Sounds Like
  253. Virile
    "having the nature
  254. Word Root
    Basic meaning of word/foundation of most medical terms; cannot stand alone. Usually indicates involved body part.
  255. Xeroderma
    excessively dry skin; also known as xerosis (xer/o = dry derma=skin)
  256. Zygote
    single cell formed at conception when the sperm penetrates and fertilizes the descending egg

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