Biology 172 Lecture 1

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clintave
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130244
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Biology 172 Lecture 1
Updated:
2012-01-24 13:25:05
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Biology Review Lecture 10
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Biology Review Lecture 1-10
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  1. A living thing is a ______ entity that aquires ______ from its surroundings and is capable of _______ , _________ and _________ with its enviornment
    • Cellular
    • Energy
    • Reproducing
    • Evolving
    • Interacting
  2. The _____ is the lowest level in the hierarchy of biological organization that can perform _____ of the activities required for life
    • Cell
    • All
  3. 2 fundamental theories in biology
    • Evolutionary theory
    • Cell theory
  4. 5 characteristics of all living things
    • 1. energy acquisition and use
    • 2. made of cell
    • 3. process hereditary or genetic information
    • 4. replication
    • 5. evolution
  5. Common properties of living things
    • Order
    • Energy Utilization
    • Homeostasis
    • Response to environment
    • Evolutionary adaptation
    • Reproduction
    • Growth and Development
  6. Evolutionary theory explains both
    the unity and diversity of life
  7. In 1858, Darwin and Wallace proposed ....
    that all species are related by descent from a common ancestor
  8. When does Natural Selection occur
    when individuals in a population have an advantage in their environment due to a certain heritable trait that allows them to survive better and pass their characteristics to their offspring
  9. Genetic changes occur ________
    spontaneously
  10. The Tree of Life
    maps the relationship between all living things. The cell theory and the theory of evolution by natrual selection imply that all species are descended from a spingle common ancestor at the root of a family tree of all organisms
  11. 3 domains of life
    • Bacteria
    • Archaea
    • Eukarya
  12. Sub-domains of Eukarya
    • Protists
    • Plants
    • Fungi
    • Animals
  13. Organisms can be unicellular or multicellular. Archaea are _____, almost all bacterua are _______
    • unicellular
    • unicellular
  14. __________ cells have a membrane-bound nucleus and __________ cells do not have a membrane-bound nucleus
    • Eukaryotes
    • Prokaryotes
  15. Prokaryotes include .....
    • Bacteria
    • Archaea
  16. Eukarya include ....
    Protists, several groups of unicellular eukaryotes

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