Chapter 4

Card Set Information

Author:
icaneraseit
ID:
130403
Filename:
Chapter 4
Updated:
2012-01-29 21:45:32
Tags:
terminology
Folders:

Description:
chapter four review
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user icaneraseit on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Root Word
    the base component of a term which gives it a meaning that may be motified by other components
  2. Suffix
    a modifying component of a term located at the end of the term
  3. Prefix
    a modifying component of a term located at the beginning of the term
  4. Combining Vowel
    A vowel used to connect the prefix, root word, or suffix parts of a term
  5. Systolic Phase
    the blood pressure as the heart is pumping blood into the cardiovascular system
  6. Diastolic Phase
    the blood pressure after the heart has a completed a pumping stroke
  7. Endocrine System
    A system of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
  8. Alimentary Tract
    the organs from the mouth to the anus. The GI tract is a portion of the alimentary tract.
  9. Integumentary System
    the body covering, i.e., skin, hair and nails
  10. Flexor Movement
    an expansion or outward movement by muscles
  11. Neuron
    The functional unit of the nervous system
  12. Osseous Tissue
    the rigid portion of the bone tissue
  13. Alveoli
    the part of the lungs where gases are exchanged between blood and the air
  14. Nephron
    the functional unit of the kidney responsible for removing wastes from the blood and producing urine.
  15. Tympanic Membrane
    the membrane that transmits sound waves to the inner ear
  16. Eustachian Tube
    the tube that connects the middle ear to the throat
  17. Conjunctiva
    the eyelid lining
  18. Lacrimal Gland
    the gland that produces tears for the eyes
  19. Cornea
    the transparent outer part of the eye
  20. Retina
    the inner lining of the eye that translates light into nerve impulses
  21. Lymphocytes
    A type of white blood cells (leukocytes) that helpsthe body defend itself against bacteria and diseased cells
  22. atherosclerosis
    ather/o/scler/osis
    hardening of the artery
  23. cardiomyopathy
    card/io/my/o/pathy
    disease of the heart muscle
  24. hypertension
    hyper/tension
    high blood pressure
  25. thrombosis
    thromb/osis
    blood clot in the vascular system
  26. venous
    ven/ous
    pertaining to the veins
  27. endocrine
    endo/crine
    pertaining to glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
  28. hyperglycemia
    hyper/glyc/emia
    high blood sugar
  29. hyperlipidemia
    hyper/lipid/emia
    increase of lipids in the blood
  30. hypothyroidism
    hypo/thyroid/ism
    a dificiency of thryoid secretion
  31. somatic
    somat/ic
    pertaining to the body
  32. anorexia
    an/orexia
    loss of appetite
  33. colitis
    col/itis
    inflamed or irritable colon
  34. hepatitis
    hepat/itis
    inflammation of the liver
  35. gastritis
    gastr/itis
    inflammation of the stomach
  36. hepatoma
    hepat/oma
    liver tumor
  37. dermatitis
    dermat/itis
    skin inflammation
  38. keratosis
    kerat/osis
    area of inscreased hardness
  39. onychmycosis
    onych/mysocis
    fungla infection of the nails
  40. subcutaneous
    sub/cutane/ous
    beneath the skin
  41. transdermal
    trans/derm/al
    through the skin
  42. anemia
    an/emia
    decrease in red blood cells
  43. hematoma
    hemat/oma
    a collection of blood, often clotted
  44. hemophilia
    hemo/philia
    a disease in which blood doesnot clot normally
  45. leukemia
    leuk/emia
    increase in white blood cells
  46. splenectomy
    splen/ectomy
    removal of the spleen
  47. thymoma
    thym/oma
    tumor of the thymus
  48. chrondomalacia
    chrond/o/malacia
    softening of cartilage
  49. fibromyalgia
    fibr/o/my/algia
    chronic pain in the muscles
  50. myonecrosis
    my/o/necr/o/sis
    increase in muscle death
  51. myoplasty
    my/o/plasty
    plastic surgery of muscle tissue
  52. tendinitis
    tendin/itis
    inflammation of a tendon
  53. dementia
    de/men/tia
    disorientation, confusion, loss of memory
  54. dysphasia
    dys/phasia
    difficulty in speaking
  55. encephalitis
    encephal/itis
    inflammation of the brain
  56. meningitis
    mening/itis
    inflammation of the meninges
  57. neuralgia
    neur/algia
    severe pain along a nerve
  58. arthritis
    artur/itis
    inflammation of the joint
  59. carpal
    carp/al
    pertaining to the wrist
  60. osteoarthritis
    oste/o/arthr/itis
    chronic bone and joint disease
  61. osteocarcinoma
    oste/o/carcin/oma
    cancerous bone tumor
  62. rachitis
    rach/itis
    inflammation of the spine
  63. amenorrhea
    a/men/o/rrhea
    absence of menstruation
  64. dysmenorrhea
    dys/men/o/rrhea
    menstrual pain
  65. dystocia
    dys/toc/ia
    difficult childbirth
  66. endometriosis
    endo/metr/i/osis
    abnormal growth of the uteral tissue
  67. mastitis
    mast/itis
    inflammation of the breast
  68. vaginitis
    vagin/itis
    inflammation of the vagina
  69. aspermia
    a/sperm/ia
    inability to secrete sperm
  70. balanitis
    balan/itis
    inflammation of the glans penis
  71. prostatitis
    prostat/itis
    inflammation of the prostate
  72. seminoma
    semin/oma
    tumor of the testes
  73. vasectomy
    vas/ectomy
    removal of a segment of the vas deferens
  74. bronchitis
    bronch/itis
    inflammation of the bronchial membranes
  75. hypercapnia
    hyper/capn/ia
    excessive carbon dioxide in the blood
  76. pectoralgia
    pector/algia
    chest pain
  77. pneumonia
    pneum/o/nia
    bacterial infection of the lungs
  78. rhinitis
    rhin/itis
    inflammation of the nose
  79. sinusitis
    sinus/itis
    inflammation of the sinuses
  80. anuria
    an/uria
    inability to produce urine
  81. cystitis
    cyst/itis
    inflammation of the bladder
  82. dysuria
    dys/uria
    painful urination
  83. lithiasis
    lith/iasis
    formation of any stone
  84. ketouria
    keto/uria
    ketone bodies in the urine
  85. nephritis
    nephr/itis
    inflammation of the kidney
  86. polyuria
    poly/uria
    excessive urination
  87. labyrinthitis
    labyrinth/itis
    inflammation of the inner ear
  88. otalgia
    ot/algia
    pain in the ear (ear ache)
  89. otitis
    ot/itis
    inflammation of the ear
  90. otomycosis
    ot/o/mycosis
    fungal ear infection
  91. paracusis
    par/acusis
    partial hearing loss
  92. tympanitis
    tympan/itis
    inflammation of the eardrum
  93. blepharitis
    blephar/itis
    inflammation of the eyelids
  94. conjunctivitis
    conjunctiv/itis
    inflammation of the conjunctiva
  95. endophthalmitis
    endo/phthalm/itis
    inflammation of the inside of the eye
  96. oculomycosis
    ocul/o/mycosis
    fungal infection of the eye
  97. retinitis
    retin/itis
    inflammation of the retina

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview