Card Set Information
Forming and Using Social Perceptions
The process of selectively attending to sensory information and assigning meaning to it.
1. attend to and select stimuli
2. organize stimuli
3. simplify complex
Process of perception
things we consciously or unconsciously feel we require tosustain us biologically and psychologically
Things that prompt out curiosity but are not essentialtosustain us biologically and psychologically
things that we notice because we are habituated to noticing them
The organization of stimuli into easily recognizable forms
The organization of stimuli into easily recognizable patterns or systems of interrelated parts.
The overall view people have of themselves, of which self concept and self esteem are parts.
Our description of our competencies and personality traits
Our evaluation of our competence and personal worthiness
The impressions we form about ourselves based upon our own perceptions, shape self-concept
The gap between out inaccurate self-perceptions and reality
Events that happen as a result of being fortold, expected, or talked about
Perceptional distortions of message we recieve so that they reinforce what we really think
Like the U.S., stress self and personal achievement
Like Eastern and Native American, downplay the individual
Communicating with yourself through your own thoughts
The process of meeting the percieved demans of the communication situation by adopting a role comprised of an expected or appropriate set of behaviors
Internal process of being aware of yourself
Process by which people consciously try to influence others impressions of them
Based upon what we see, are frequently inaccurate
based upon others membership groups, allow us to discover common ground
based upon individual differences, are the most accurate level of predictions
Assumptions that people develop about physical characterisitics and personality traits or behaviors
Ex. if someone is kind we assume they are friendly
Implicit personalty theory
Assumes a whole set of characterisitics when you have actually only observed one
the tendency to pay attention only what we expect to see or hear and to ignore everything else
inaccurate reason we give for our own and others behaviors
Relate the behavior to the situation
Ex. When judging our own behavior, we tendto make it....
Relate behavior to the person
Ex. When judging the behavior of someone else we tend to make...
Inaccurate attempt to make several of our perceptions of another person agree with each other.
Negative actions toward people based on the groups they are members of
Occur when a powerful group believes its members are superior to those of another group and thus entitles to dominate the "inferior" group
Racism, ethnocentrism, sexism, ageism, able-ism