AP_Bio__Animal_Structure_and_Function

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ndhejduk
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13042
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AP_Bio__Animal_Structure_and_Function
Updated:
2010-04-04 13:52:36
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Biology
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  1. Salvilary amylase begins digestion of ___ into maltose
    Starch
  2. Wavelike motion of food through the esophagus
    Peristalsis
  3. Important stomach enzyme which breaks down proteins
    Pepsin
  4. Region in the small intestine through which chyme moves
    Pyloric sphincter
  5. 2 enzymes in pancreas that break down proteins
    Trypsin, chymotrypsin
  6. Enzyme in pancreas that breaks down lipids
    Pancreatic lipase
  7. Enzyme in pancreas that breaks down starch
    Pancreatic amalase
  8. Substance that mechanically breaks up fats
    Emulsifier
  9. Lymph vessels in the villi in the intestine which absorb fatty acids
    Lacteals
  10. 3 hormones involved in the digestive system
    Gastrin, secretin, cholecystokinin
  11. Tiny openings in tracheae in insects which allow for gas exchange
    Spiracles
  12. Flap that covers trachea when swallowing
    Epiglottis
  13. Most carbon dioxide enters red blood cells and combines with water to form...
    Bicarbonate ions
  14. Process of taking in oxygen
    Inspiration
  15. Process of letting out carbon dioxide
    Expiration
  16. Tissues in the right atrium where heartbeat begins
    Sinoatrial node
  17. Red blood cells are also called...
    Erythrocytes
  18. Defense mechanism that lyses the cell wall of a pathogen
    Complement proteins
  19. Markers in the plasma membrane that distinguish between self and nonself cells
    Major histocompatibility markers (MHC markers)
  20. Excretory organ in earthworms
    Nephridia
  21. Excretory organ found in arthropods
    Malpighian tubes
  22. Functional unit of the kidney
    Nephron
  23. Blood vessel that enters kidney
    Renal artery
  24. Place where blood enters the kidney to be filtered
    Bowman's capsule
  25. Ball of capillaries in the Bowman's capsule
    Glomerulus
  26. Plasma forced out of the kidneys
    Filtrate
  27. Chart of filtrate through the kidney
    Bowman's capsule --> proximal convulted tubule --> loop of Henle --> distal convulted tubule --> collecting duct
  28. Hormone in kidneys that allows water to be reabsorbed
    Vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone)
  29. Hormone in kidneys that allows for sodium reabsorption
    Aldosterone
  30. In a resting neuron, ___ are outside the axon membrane and ___ are inside
    Sodium, potassium
  31. Period after an action potential
    Refractory period
  32. Neurotransmitter that is realeased by calcium and can stimulate muscle contraction
    Acetylcholine
  33. Supporting cells for a neuron around its axon
    Schwann cells
  34. Spaces between myelin sheaths
    Nodes of Ranviers
  35. Form of nerve conduction where an impulse jumps from node to node
    Saltatory conduction
  36. ___ muscles are striated; ___ muscles aren't striated
    Skeletal and cardiac; smooth
  37. Increases glucose levels
    Glucagon
  38. Decreases glucose levels
    Insulin
  39. A series of rapid zygote cell divisions
    Cleavage
  40. Solid ball of cells in early development
    Morula
  41. Organs produced by ectoderm
    Skin, eyes, nervous system
  42. Organs produced by endoderm
    Digestive tract, respiratory tract, pancreas, gall bladder, liver
  43. Organs produced by mesoderm
    Bones, muscles, excretory, circulatory, reproductive systems
  44. Cells which develop into the central nervous system
    Neural tube cells

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