Research Methods Wk1

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Research Methods Wk1
2012-01-25 08:46:07
research methods

Research Methods Week 1-2
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  1. Description
    A goal of science in which behaviors are systematically and accurately characterized
  2. Explanation
    A goal of science in which a researcher achieves awareness of why behaviors occur as they do
  3. Falsifiability
    A characteristic of science such that any principle has to be amenable to testing to see if it is true or, more specifically, if it can be shown to be false
  4. Prediction
    A goal of science in which a researcher can specify in advance those situations in which a particular behavior will occur
  5. Control
    A goal of science in which a researcher can manipulate variables in order to produce specific behaviors
  6. Tenacity
    The mode of accepting knowledge because one is comfortable with it and simply wants to hold on to it
  7. Authority
    The mode of accepting knowledge because a person of authority claims that something is true or valid
  8. A priori method
    The mode of accepting knowledge based on a premise that people have agreed on, followed by reasoned argument
  9. Scientific approach
    The mode of accepting knowledge based on empirically derived data
  10. Experience
    A way of knowing that uses personal experience as the means of deciding what is true about behavior
  11. Objective measurements
    Measurements that are not affected by personal bias and that are well-defined and specified
  12. Data driven
    Interpretations of research that are based on objective results of a project are considered data driven
  13. Empirical
    Relying on systematic observation and data collection for guidance on drawing conclusions
  14. Replicable
    When scientists can recreate a previous research study, that study is replicable
  15. Verifiable
    When scientists can reproduce a previous research study and generate the same results, it is verifiable
  16. Public
    Scientists make their research ______, typically by making presentations at conferences or by publishing their work
  17. Peer review
    A process in which researchers submit their research for publication in a journal or presentation at a conference to other experts in the field who evaluate the research
  18. Pseudoscience
    A domain of inquiry that has the superficial appearance of being scientific but that does not rely on the critical scientific principles of objectivity, verifiability, empiricism, and being public
  19. Junk Science
    The use of scientific research for nonscientific goals, a term with negative connotations suggesting a problem with the way scientific research is used
  20. Behaviorism
    A theoretical approach in psychology that focused on studies of observable behaviors rather than internal, mental processes
  21. Type I Error
    In statistics, erroneously deciding that there is a significant effect when the effect is due to measurement error
  22. Type II Error
    In statistics, erroneously failing to decide that there is a significant effect when it is obscured by measurement error
  23. Construct validity
    The degree to which a measurement accurately measures the underlying concept that it is supposed to measure
  24. Literature review
    An overview of published journal articles, books, and other professional work on a given topic
  25. Peer review
    A process in which scientific research and ideas are evaluated by experts in a field so that obvious errors or other problems can be spotted before a work is published or presented
  26. Abstract
    Summary of the purpose of research, methodology, results, and interpretations of the research
  27. Introduction
    Gives an overview of the field to be investigated and the hypotheses about the outcome
  28. Method
    Information about those who participated, how the research was carried out, and materials and apparatus used for it
  29. Participants
    Subsection of Methods, details the nature of humans or nonhumans who took part of the research
  30. Materials and apparatus
    A subsection of Methods, details what implements & stimuli were used
  31. Procedure
    A subsection of Methods that provides extensive detail about the actual process used to carry out the study
  32. Results
    The part of a research report that details the quantitative and qualitative results of an investigation, including results of statistical analyses.
  33. Discussion
    Provides interpretation of the results, going beyond description and statistics
  34. References
    Complete information about work cited